Canadian Climate Normals

1981-2010

1981-2010 Climate Normals & Averages

Climate Normals and Averages are used to summarize or describe the average climatic conditions of a particular location.

At the completion of each decade, Environment and Climate Change Canada updates its Climate Normals for as many locations and as many climatic characteristics as possible. The Climate Normals, Averages and Extremes offered here are based on Canadian climate stations with at least 15 years of data between 1981 to 2010.

For more information, please see the 1981-2010 Calculation Information document.

To view a list of locations for which Climate Normals have been calculated, please select and submit one of the following searches:

Search by Station Name

Enter the name of the location.

For example: "Toronto" or "Tor"

Station Name
Search by Province or Territory

Select a Province / Territory from the drop down menu "Province/Territory" from drop down and click "Go".

Search by Proximity

Select a distance, city or National Park, or enter location coordinates and click "Go".

Latitude (e.g. 48°49'27.010" N):
° ' " North
Longitude (e.g. 123°43'08.009" W):
° ' " West
latitude (e.g. 61.3701°):
°
longitude (e.g. -139.0317°):
°
1971-2000

1971-2000 Climate Normals & Averages

Climate Normals and Averages are used to summarize or describe the average climatic conditions of a particular location.

At the completion of each decade, Environment and Climate Change Canada updates its Climate Normals for as many locations and as many climatic characteristics as possible. The Climate Normals, Averages and Extremes offered here are based on Canadian climate stations with at least 15 years of data between 1971 to 2000.

For more information, please see the 1971-2000 Calculation Information document.

To view a list of locations for which Climate Normals have been calculated, please select and submit one of the following searches:

Search by Station Name

Enter the name of the location.

For example: "Toronto" or "Tor"

Station Name
Search by Province or Territory

Select a Province / Territory from the drop down menu "Province/Territory" from drop down and click "Go".

Search by Proximity

Select a distance, city or National Park, or enter location coordinates and click "Go".

Latitude (e.g. 48°49'27.010" N):
° ' " North
Longitude (e.g. 123°43'08.009" W):
° ' " West
latitude (e.g. 61.3701°):
°
longitude (e.g. -139.0317°):
°
1961-1990

1961-1990 Climate Normals & Averages

Climate Normals and Averages are used to summarize or describe the average climatic conditions of a particular location.

At the completion of each decade, Environment and Climate Change Canada updates its Climate Normals for as many locations and as many climatic characteristics as possible. The Climate Normals, Averages and Extremes offered here are based on Canadian climate stations with at least 15 years of data between 1961 to 1990.

For more information, please see the 1961-1990 Calculation Information document.

To view a list of locations for which Climate Normals have been calculated, please select and submit one of the following searches:

Search by Station Name

Enter the name of the location.

For example: "Toronto" or "Tor"

Station Name
Search by Province or Territory

Select a Province / Territory from the drop down menu "Province/Territory" from drop down and click "Go".  Please note that Nunavut was part of Northwest Territories until April 1, 1999.

Search by Proximity

Select a distance, city or National Park, or enter location coordinates and click "Go".

Latitude (e.g. 48°49'27.010" N):
° ' " North
Longitude (e.g. 123°43'08.009" W):
° ' " West
latitude (e.g. 61.3701°):
°
longitude (e.g. -139.0317°):
°
1951-1980

1951-1980 Climate Normals & Averages

Climate Normals and Averages are used to summarize or describe the average climatic conditions of a particular location.

At the completion of each decade, Environment and Climate Change Canada updates its Climate Normals for as many locations and as many climatic characteristics as possible. The Climate Normals, Averages and Extremes offered here are based on Canadian climate stations between 1951 to 1980.

For solar radiation and its calculation information, please see the Canadian Climate Normals 1951-1980 Volume 1 Solar Radiation.

For temperature and its calculation information, please see the Canadian Climate Normals 1951-1980 Volume 2 Temperature.

For precipitation and its calculation information, please see the Canadian Climate Normals 1951-1980 Volume 3 Precipitation.

For degree days and its calculation information, please see the Canadian Climate Normals 1951-1980 Volume 4 Degree Days.

For wind and its calculation information, please see the Canadian Climate Normals 1951-1980 Volume 5 Wind.

For frost and its calculation information, please see the Canadian Climate Normals 1951-1980 Volume 6 Frost.

For bright sunshine and its calculation information, please see the Canadian Climate Normals 1951-1980 Volume 7 Bright Sunshine.

For atmospheric pressure, temperature, humidity and their calculation information, please see the Canadian Climate Normals 1951-1980 Volume 8 Atmospheric Pressure, Temperature, And Humidity.

For soil temperature, lake evaporation, days with blowing snow, hail, fog, smoke/haze, frost and their calculation information, please see the Canadian Climate Normals 1951-1980 Volume 9 Soil Temperature, Lake Evaporation, Days with Blowing Snow, Hail, Fog, Smoke/Haze, Frost.

1941-1970

1941-1970 Climate Normals & Averages

Climate Normals and Averages are used to summarize or describe the average climatic conditions of a particular location.

At the completion of each decade, Environment and Climate Change Canada updates its Climate Normals for as many locations and as many climatic characteristics as possible. The Climate Normals, Averages and Extremes offered here are based on Canadian climate stations between 1941 to 1970.

For temperature records and its calculation information, please see the Canadian Normals Volume 1 1941-1970. Please note that the temperatures are provided in degrees Fahrenheit.

For precipitation records and its calculation information, please see the Canadian Normals Volume 2 1941-1970. Please note that the precipitation amounts are provided in inches.

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