Canadian Climate Normals 1971-2000 Station Data

The minimum number of years used to calculate these Normals is indicated by a code for each element. A "+" beside an extreme date indicates that this date is the first occurrence of the extreme value. Values and dates in bold indicate all-time extremes for the location.

Data used in the calculation of these Normals may be subject to further quality assurance checks. This may result in minor changes to some values presented here.

Metadata including Station Name, Province, Latitude, Longitude, Elevation, Climate ID, WMO ID, TC ID
MONCTON A *
NEW BRUNSWICK
Latitude: 46°06'19.100" N Longitude: 64°41'01.700" W Elevation: 70.70 m
Climate ID: 8103200 WMO ID: 71705 TC ID: YQM

* This station meets WMO standards for temperature and precipitation.

1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
Temperature:
Daily Average (°C)-8.9 -8 -2.9 3.2 9.9 15.1 18.6 17.9 13 7.1 1.4 -5.5 5.1 LegendAA
Standard Deviation2 2.2 1.8 1.2 1.5 1 1.1 0.8 1.3 1.2 1.5 2.6 0.8 LegendAA
Daily Maximum (°C)-3.6 -2.7 2 8 15.9 21.3 24.5 23.8 18.8 12.4 5.6 -0.7 10.4 LegendAA
Daily Minimum (°C)-14.3 -13.2 -7.8 -1.7 3.9 8.9 12.6 12 7.2 1.8 -2.9 -10.3 -0.3 LegendAA
Extreme Maximum (°C)16.1 15.3 18.9 28.3 34.2 34.4 35.6 37.2 33.3 26.1 22.9 17.8   Legend
Extreme Minimum (°C)-32.2 -31.7 -27.4 -16.1 -6.1 -2.1 1.2 0.6 -3.3 -10 -17.4 -29   Legend
Precipitation:
Rainfall (mm)41.5 26.8 45.9 57.2 91.5 91.5 103.3 79.5 92.7 99.5 81.1 54.9 865.4 LegendAA
Snowfall (cm)80.1 68.1 70.8 35.8 4.5 0 0 0 0 3.4 21.7 65.6 349.9 LegendAA
Precipitation (mm)119.2 92.9 123.6 99.3 97.1 91.5 103.3 79.5 92.7 103.8 104.5 115.8 1223.2 LegendAA
Average Snow Depth (cm)23 28 23 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 11 8 LegendAA
Median Snow Depth (cm)23 27 22 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 10 7 LegendAA
Snow Depth at Month-end (cm)21 30 8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 17 7 LegendAA
Extreme Daily Rainfall (mm)66.7 46.7 37.2 131.8 62.4 61.7 77 66 99.6 103.1 62.2 48.6   Legend
Extreme Daily Snowfall (cm)62.6 83 64.5 45.7 28.8 0 0 0 0 26.7 39.2 45.2   Legend
Extreme Daily Precipitation (mm)73.6 78.2 64.5 131.8 62.4 61.7 77 66 99.6 103.1 62.5 61   Legend
Extreme Snow Depth (cm)114 119 152 119 18 0 0 0 0 20 38 168   Legend
Days with Maximum Temperature:
<= 0 °C21.6 18.8 11.4 1.3 0 0 0 0 0 0.03 4.2 16.8 74.2 LegendAA
> 0 °C9.4 9.4 19.6 28.7 31 30 31 31 30 31 25.8 14.2 291 LegendAA
> 10 °C0.87 0.60 2.4 10 25.4 29.6 31 31 29.6 20.4 6.2 1.8 188.9 LegendAA
> 20 °C0 0 0 0.73 7.8 18.2 26.8 25.9 10.3 1.7 0.13 0 91.6 LegendAA
> 30 °C0 0 0 0 0.23 0.73 1.6 1.4 0.10 0 0 0 4.1 LegendAA
> 35 °C0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 LegendAA
Days with Minimum Temperature:
> 0 °C0.63 1 2.5 8.3 26.1 29.8 31 31 28.6 18.5 8.1 1.8 187.3 LegendAA
<= 2 °C30.8 28.1 30.1 26.3 10.4 1.3 0.03 0 4.2 17.1 24.9 30.3 203.5 LegendAA
<= 0 °C30.4 27.3 28.5 21.7 4.9 0.23 0 0 1.4 12.5 21.9 29.2 178 LegendAA
< -2 °C28.9 26.4 25.2 13.3 1.5 0.03 0 0 0.23 6.8 17 26.7 146 LegendAA
< -10 °C22 19.2 10.5 0.50 0 0 0 0 0 0 2.4 16 70.6 LegendAA
< -20 °C7.3 4.8 1.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 16.3 LegendAA
< - 30 °C0.27 0.03 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.30 LegendAA
Days with Rainfall:
>= 0.2 mm6.4 4.8 7.7 11.8 14.7 14.3 13.7 11.8 12.2 13.1 12.6 7.9 131.1 LegendAA
>= 5 mm2.5 1.7 2.9 3.9 5.5 5.6 5.6 4.7 5.3 5.9 4.8 3.4 51.9 LegendAA
>= 10 mm1.5 0.80 1.7 2 3 3.3 3.3 2.4 3.2 3.4 2.4 1.7 28.7 LegendAA
>= 25 mm0.23 0.17 0.27 0.20 0.50 0.53 0.83 0.63 0.73 0.90 0.63 0.50 6.1 LegendAA
Days With Snowfall:
>= 0.2 cm13.5 11.8 11.1 7.3 1 0 0 0 0 0.86 5.7 12.6 63.9 LegendAA
>= 5 cm4.5 3.8 4 2.5 0.33 0 0 0 0 0.21 1.4 4.4 21.2 LegendAA
>= 10 cm2.4 2.3 2.3 1.2 0.13 0 0 0 0 0.10 0.70 2.2 11.3 LegendAA
>= 25 cm0.60 0.47 0.53 0.07 0.03 0 0 0 0 0.03 0.07 0.33 2.1 LegendAA
Days with Precipitation:
>= 0.2 mm16.6 13.8 15.3 15.5 15.1 14.3 13.7 11.8 12.2 13.5 15.6 17.1 174.5 LegendAA
>= 5 mm6.1 5.3 6.8 6.3 5.8 5.6 5.6 4.7 5.3 6 5.8 7.2 70.5 LegendAA
>= 10 mm4 3.1 4.3 3.7 3.2 3.3 3.3 2.4 3.2 3.6 3.2 3.8 41 LegendAA
>= 25 mm1.1 0.67 1.2 0.50 0.57 0.53 0.83 0.63 0.73 1 1 0.93 9.8 LegendAA
Days with Snow Depth:
>= 1 cm27.9 26 27.1 11.5 0.40 0 0 0 0 0.41 5.5 20.5 119.2 LegendAA
>= 5 cm23.9 23.5 23.1 7.4 0.20 0 0 0 0 0.14 2.7 15.8 96.7 LegendAA
>= 10 cm20.4 20.6 19.4 4 0.10 0 0 0 0 0.07 1.4 12 78 LegendAA
>= 20 cm15 13.9 13.9 2.2 0 0 0 0 0 0.03 0.67 7.8 53.6 LegendAA
Wind:
Speed (km/h)19.1 18.2 19.2 18.3 16.6 14.9 13.3 13 14.4 16.1 17.7 18.7 16.6 LegendAA
Most Frequent DirectionSW SW SW SW SW SW SW SW SW SW SW SW SW LegendAA
Maximum Hourly Speed (km/h)80 92 80 89 64 65 56 61 103 80 76 80   Legend
Maximum Gust Speed (km/h)129 135 161 137 121 109 145 89 124 122 126 126   Legend
Direction of Maximum GustSW S SW N SW NW W N S SW SW W SW Legend
Days with Winds >= 52 km/h3.5 2.5 3 1.8 1 0.7 0.5 0.3 0.6 1.2 1.9 3 19.8 LegendAA
Days with Winds >= 63 km/h0.8 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.2 0.1 0.1 0 0.1 0.2 0.6 1 4.9 LegendAA
Degree Days:
Above 24 °C0 0 0 0 0 0 0.4 0.2 0 0 0 0 0.7 LegendAA
Above 18 °C0 0 0 0 1.5 13.8 45.2 36.7 5.8 0.2 0 0 103.2 LegendAA
Above 15 °C0 0 0 0 7.9 47.8 116.2 98.6 22.6 1.7 0.2 0 295.1 LegendAA
Above 10 °C0 0 0.2 3.4 52.7 158.1 266.4 244.5 103.4 19.9 3.1 0 851.7 LegendAA
Above 5 °C1 0.7 4.3 25.3 158.1 303.6 421.4 399.4 240.5 89 22 2.7 1668 LegendAA
Above 0 °C8.7 8.6 30.4 106.2 306.7 453.6 576.4 554.4 390.3 221.6 82.2 18.9 2758 LegendAA
Below 0 °C285.9 234.4 120.8 11.3 0 0 0 0 0 1 41.7 190.5 885.6 LegendAA
Below 5 °C433.2 367.9 249.7 80.4 6.5 0 0 0 0.2 23.4 131.5 329.2 1621.9 LegendAA
Below 10 °C587.2 508.5 400.6 208.5 56.1 4.6 0 0 13.1 109.2 262.6 481.6 2632 LegendAA
Below 15 °C742.2 649.8 555.4 355.1 166.3 44.2 4.8 9.2 82.3 246.1 409.7 636.6 3901.8 LegendAA
Below 18 °C835.2 734.6 648.4 445.1 252.8 100.3 26.8 40.3 155.5 337.5 499.5 729.6 4805.6 LegendAA
Bright Sunshine:
Total Hours115.1 124.4 139.2 158.2 204.9 228.9 248.4 243.8 167.4 142.3 102.8 95.3 1970.6 LegendAA
Days with measureable22.4 21.6 22.5 22.6 26.1 27 29.1 28.7 26.5 25.5 21.7 19.7 293.4 LegendAA
% of possible daylight hours40.9 42.8 37.8 39 44.2 48.6 52.1 55.6 44.4 41.9 36.1 35.3 43.2 LegendAA
Extreme Daily9.4 10.6 11.1 13.8 14.8 15.5 14.6 14.1 12.7 10.6 9.6 9.1   LegendAA
Humidex:
Extreme Humidex18.2 15.8 17.5 25.8 37.6 40.6 43.5 44.5 38.9 31.2 28.2 20.3   Legend
Days with Humidex >= 300 0 0 0 0.5 4.5 11 9.4 2 0.1 0 0 27.5 LegendAA
Days with Humidex >= 350 0 0 0 0.1 0.9 2.4 2.2 0.2 0 0 0 5.9 LegendAA
Days with Humidex >= 400 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 0.2 0 0 0 0 0.3 LegendAA
Wind Chill:
Extreme Wind Chill-49.4 -46 -39.3 -27.7 -12.6 -5 -3.2 -2.5 -9 -14.7 -27.1 -43.5   Legend
Days with Wind Chill < -2017.8 14.5 6.5 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.8 11.8 51.4 LegendAA
Days with Wind Chill < -306.2 4 0.7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2.7 13.6 LegendAA
Days with Wind Chill < -400.5 0.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 0.8 LegendAA
Humidity:
Average Vapour Pressure (kPa)0.3 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.9 1.3 1.6 1.6 1.2 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.8 LegendAA
Average Relative Humidity - 0600LST (%)79.6 79.4 82.2 86.2 87.3 89.9 91.4 93 93.3 89.5 86.8 83.5 86.8 LegendAA
Average Relative Humidity - 1500LST (%)69 65.3 64.4 62.6 58.3 58.7 59.7 59.8 61.8 63.2 70.7 73.3 63.9 LegendAA
Pressure:
Average Station Pressure (kPa)100.4 100.4 100.4 100.4 100.5 100.4 100.4 100.6 100.7 100.7 100.5 100.5 100.5 LegendAA
Average Sea Level Pressure (kPa)101.3 101.4 101.3 101.2 101.4 101.3 101.3 101.5 101.6 101.6 101.4 101.4 101.4 LegendAA
Visibility (hours with):
< 1 km22.9 21.9 29.8 21.7 14 14.3 13.9 11.1 10.7 13 11.8 16.7 201.8 LegendBB
1 to 9 km112.6 106.8 121.8 116.7 91 85.3 92.4 98.3 73.5 66.4 85.7 116.6 1166.9 LegendBB
> 9 km608.5 549.8 592.5 581.6 639 620.4 637.8 634.6 635.8 664.6 622.5 610.7 7397.7 LegendBB
Cloud Amount (hours with):
0 to 2 tenths229.3 209.8 200.3 148.1 147.5 128.4 133 167.6 184.4 190.2 167 201.2 2106.8 LegendBB
3 to 7 tenths128.1 117.9 127.1 124.6 167.5 208.6 241.4 233.2 189.7 169.7 130.7 119.2 1957.8 LegendBB
8 to 10 tenths386.6 350.8 416.6 447.3 429 383.1 369.5 343.1 345.9 384.1 422.3 423.6 4701.9 LegendBB
Legend
  • A = WMO "3 and 5 rule" (i.e. no more than 3 consecutive and no more than 5 total missing for either temperature or precipitation)
  • B = At least 25 years
  • C = At least 20 years
  • D = At least 15 years