Notices

What's New in latest Release from April 7th, 2021:

- Updated Glossary, including Speed of Maximum Gust, and Total Hourly Precipitation

- Updated national and regional climate services offices contacts and prices information

- Addition of station inventory lists for 1981-2010, 1971-2000, and 1961-1990 Normals.

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Canadian Climate Normals 1981-2010 Station Data

Temperature and Precipitation Graph
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Normals Data

The minimum number of years used to calculate these Normals is indicated by a code for each element. A "+" beside an extreme date indicates that this date is the first occurrence of the extreme value. Values and dates in bold indicate all-time extremes for the location.

Data used in the calculation of these Normals may be subject to further quality assurance checks. This may result in minor changes to some values presented here.

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Normals Station Data
(all elements)
Temperature
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Temperature
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
Daily Average (°C)-8.2-6.7-2.73.48.112.114.813.79.53.9-3.8-7.03.1C
Standard Deviation4.23.53.71.51.51.01.61.41.51.63.74.01.0C
Daily Maximum (°C)-1.80.03.910.515.318.822.221.217.011.02.3-0.610.0C
Daily Minimum (°C)-14.5-13.4-9.2-3.80.95.47.46.21.9-3.3-9.9-13.3-3.8C
Extreme Maximum (°C)16.522.123.826.533.031.033.832.130.627.120.417.9
Date (yyyy/dd)2003/ 071992/ 272004/ 301987/ 281986/ 301986/ 012002/ 132003/ 011998/ 071991/ 111999/ 071988/ 01
Extreme Minimum (°C)-42.8-41.6-36.3-21.7-14.1-6.1-0.1-5.9-9.8-29.1-36.5-41.6
Date (yyyy/dd)1997/ 251989/ 031989/ 012002/ 022002/ 082000/ 192002/ 021992/ 252000/ 231991/ 281996/ 211996/ 29
Precipitation
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Precipitation
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
Rainfall (mm)0.20.00.49.349.5106.766.978.045.57.02.40.3366.0C
Snowfall (cm)12.714.721.719.012.40.00.10.05.311.617.412.4127.0C
Precipitation (mm)9.911.517.625.461.1106.766.978.050.316.316.39.8469.6C
Average Snow Depth (cm)8761000000463D
Median Snow Depth (cm)7740000000362D
Snow Depth at Month-end (cm)7721000002773D
Extreme Daily Rainfall (mm)1.20.44.436.242.6128.448.262.864.011.610.02.0
Date (yyyy/dd)2003/ 041991/ 161991/ 221999/ 201990/ 242005/ 171987/ 181988/ 011985/ 112004/ 141986/ 051987/ 22
Extreme Daily Snowfall (cm)19.114.230.018.027.00.00.80.414.013.025.220.0
Date (yyyy/dd)1989/ 052000/ 091998/ 162001/ 021997/ 201985/ 011994/ 071992/ 231985/ 061997/ 071996/ 141985/ 12
Extreme Daily Precipitation (mm)19.111.320.242.442.6128.448.262.864.011.619.420.0
Date (yyyy/dd)1989/ 052000/ 091998/ 161999/ 201990/ 242005/ 171987/ 181988/ 011985/ 112003/ 281996/ 141985/ 12
Extreme Snow Depth (cm)602241243200022173333
Date (yyyy/dd)1998/ 021996/ 011998/ 182001/ 032002/ 071985/ 011985/ 011985/ 011988/ 241991/ 271996/ 201996/ 30
Days with Maximum Temperature
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Maximum Temperature
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
<= 0 °C14.512.38.52.20.330.00.00.00.051.99.814.464.0C
> 0 °C16.515.922.627.830.730.031.031.030.029.120.216.6301.3C
> 10 °C1.62.97.216.825.729.130.930.025.617.94.51.9193.9C
> 20 °C0.00.090.091.67.012.021.219.010.53.00.040.074.3C
> 30 °C0.00.00.00.00.00.091.20.700.050.00.00.02.1C
> 35 °C0.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.0C
Days with Minimum Temperature
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Minimum Temperature
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
> 0 °C0.680.731.14.717.528.530.930.021.27.11.40.48144.1C
<= 2 °C30.827.830.628.219.34.91.13.015.127.729.431.0248.8C
<= 0 °C30.327.529.925.313.51.60.091.18.823.928.730.5221.1C
< -2 °C29.426.327.119.57.00.230.00.204.218.126.629.5188.0C
< -10 °C20.017.411.12.30.050.00.00.00.02.412.918.684.7C
< -20 °C8.26.02.90.100.00.00.00.00.00.272.76.126.2C
< - 30 °C2.21.30.730.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.481.56.2C
Days with Rainfall
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Rainfall
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
>= 0.2 mm0.170.040.483.59.714.512.812.38.84.30.910.2367.7C
>= 5 mm0.00.00.00.573.06.04.65.02.40.220.130.022.0C
>= 10 mm0.00.00.00.171.63.52.12.81.10.040.040.011.3C
>= 25 mm0.00.00.00.040.270.870.180.350.360.00.00.02.1C
Days With Snowfall
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days With Snowfall
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
>= 0.2 cm6.05.97.65.83.00.00.090.051.43.95.95.445.0C
>= 5 cm0.570.831.41.10.860.00.00.00.360.681.10.687.6C
>= 10 cm0.170.130.390.350.360.00.00.00.050.090.260.091.9C
>= 25 cm0.00.00.040.00.050.00.00.00.00.00.040.00.13C
Days with Precipitation
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Precipitation
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
>= 0.2 mm5.85.77.58.111.614.512.812.49.47.26.05.3106.3C
>= 5 mm0.350.571.01.53.96.04.65.02.90.770.950.4528.0C
>= 10 mm0.090.090.170.481.93.52.12.81.20.140.230.0512.8C
>= 25 mm0.00.00.00.040.320.870.180.350.360.00.00.02.1C
Days with Snow Depth
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Snow Depth
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
>= 1 cm23.821.817.14.71.70.00.00.00.433.313.220.0106.0D
>= 5 cm13.816.113.02.30.680.00.00.00.050.837.212.766.7D
>= 10 cm10.18.58.11.20.320.00.00.00.050.443.88.240.7D
>= 20 cm3.81.61.40.060.050.00.00.00.050.01.73.011.8D
Wind
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Wind
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
Maximum Hourly Speed (km/h)746974706569616161727674
Date (yyyy/dd)1986/ 081991/ 071986/ 272002/ 141985/ 041985/ 242007/ 091985/ 302009/ 082008/ 071993/ 201989/ 03
Direction of Maximum Hourly SpeedWWSWWWNWNWWWWSW
Maximum Gust Speed (km/h)120899310278911111157810296111
Date (yyyy/dd)1997/ 011991/ 071994/ 272001/ 172000/ 041990/ 111998/ 081988/ 292001/ 081989/ 101988/ 231989/ 03
Direction of Maximum GustWWNWWWWWNNWSW
Degree Days
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Degree Days
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
Above 24 °C0000000000000C
Above 18 °C000000.97.82.6000011.3C
Above 15 °C00001.79.134.922.83.10.40072.1C
Above 10 °C00.10.22.925.775151.1121.541.9700425.4C
Above 5 °C0.82.86.631.4112.6212.8303.9268.7142.446.95.311,135C
Above 0 °C1318.347.6119.6251362.8458.8423.12841453314.52170.8C
Below 0 °C274.4213.1125.523.52.40000.424.3147.6235.81046.9C
Below 5 °C417.1338.6239.485.31900.10.68.881.2269.9377.31837.2C
Below 10 °C571.3477.1388.1206.987.112.22.38.458.3196.3414.6531.32953.8C
Below 15 °C726.3618.2542.9354218.196.341.164.7169.5344.7564.6686.34426.5C
Below 18 °C819.3702.8635.9444309.4178.1106.9137.4256.4437.3654.6779.35461.4C
Humidex
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Humidex
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
Extreme Humidex15.721.322.925.730.631.934.134.031.026.420.517.1
Date (yyyy/dd)2003/ 071992/ 272004/ 301987/ 271986/ 262006/ 282002/ 132008/ 182009/ 231991/ 112010/ 041988/ 04
Wind Chill
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Wind Chill
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
Extreme Wind Chill (°C)-56-56-48-27-20-10-4-8-14-38-48-57
Date (yyyy/dd)1997/ 261989/ 032002/ 082002/ 032002/ 081999/ 082009/ 011992/ 251985/ 281991/ 281996/ 231996/ 29
Humidity
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Humidity
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
Average Relative Humidity - 0600LST (%)69.270.371.375.178.583.185.687.983.875.172.469.776.8C
Average Relative Humidity - 1500LST (%)58.65650.343.345.750.848.249.247.846.557.160.451.2A
Frost-Free
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Frost-Free
Probability of last temperature in spring of 0 °C or lower on or after indicated dates10%25%33%50%66%75%90%
DateJun 26Jun 17Jun 08Jun 07Jun 01May 29May 25
Probability of first temperature in fall of 0 °C or lower on or before indicated dates10%25%33%50%66%75%90%
DateJul 26Aug 13Aug 17Aug 28Sep 03Sep 06Sep 12
Probability of frost-free period equal to or less than indicated period (Days)10%25%33%50%66%75%90%
Days416769778288108

Legend

  • A = WMO "3 and 5 rule" (i.e. no more than 3 consecutive and no more than 5 total missing for either temperature or precipitation)
  • B = At least 25 years
  • C = At least 20 years
  • D = At least 15 years
Station / Element Metadata

Statistics listed below are provided as a guide to determine the validity of Normals and Extremes calculations. For example, a station with 30 years of record between 1981 and 2010 with no missing years would be a more reliable normal than a station with 15 years of record and 2 missing years. Less than 100% possible observations indicates that out of the total number of observations used, some records were missing.

SPRINGBANK A

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