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What's New in latest Release from April 7th, 2021:

- Updated Glossary, including Speed of Maximum Gust, and Total Hourly Precipitation

- Updated national and regional climate services offices contacts and prices information

- Addition of station inventory lists for 1981-2010, 1971-2000, and 1961-1990 Normals.

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Canadian Climate Normals 1961-1990 Station Data

Temperature and Precipitation Graph
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Normals Data

Data used in the calculation of these Normals may be subject to further quality assurance checks. This may result in minor changes to some values presented here.

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Normals Station Data
(all elements)
1961 to 1990 Canadian Climate Normals Station Data
 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Temperature
Daily Average (°C)-6.3 -7.9 -4.0 0.2 5.7 11.8 16.4 16.9 12.8 7.7 2.9 -2.5 4.5
Daily Maximum (°C)-3.4 -4.7 -1.2 2.6 8.9 15.2 19.6 19.7 15.5 10.2 5.1 0.0 7.3
Daily Minimum (°C)-9.3 -11.2 -7.0 -2.3 2.5 8.2 13.2 14.1 10.1 5.1 0.5 -5.1 1.6
Extreme Maximum (°C)8.9 7.8 10.6 16.9 25.0 28.9 31.1 30.6 28.3 20.0 16.7 10.8
Date (yyyy/dd)1950/ 05 1976/ 02 1946/ 22 1982/ 26 1960/ 06 1955/ 27 1949/ 31 1935/ 19 1942/ 02 1968/ 03Legend++ 1982/ 04 1982/ 06
Extreme Minimum (°C)-25.6 -27.2 -26.1 -12.8 -6.1 0.0 1.8 3.9 -1.1 -5.6 -12.8 -24.4
Date (yyyy/dd)1897/ 20Legend++ 1891/ 14 1897/ 01 1893/ 03 1972/ 02Legend++ 1944/ 03 1982/ 02 1954/ 23 1890/ 30 1936/ 27 1894/ 20 1933/ 29
Precipitation
Rainfall (mm)29.4 24.8 26.2 44.5 60.3 61.8 61.9 74.8 76.0 92.9 81.7 55.4 689.8
Snowfall (cm)73.3 51.8 58.2 29.5 3.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.7 20.0 62.9 301.2
Precipitation (mm)99.6 75.2 83.8 74.6 64.3 61.8 61.9 74.8 76.0 94.7 101.9 118.6 987.3
Snow Depth at Month-end (cm)35.0 47.0 30.0 6.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 4.0 18.0
Extreme Daily Rainfall (mm)57.3 42.4 33.0 42.9 48.3 59.2 62.0 76.2 97.3 60.4 54.1 68.8
Date (yyyy/dd)1979/ 08 1966/ 14 1893/ 25 1951/ 10 1891/ 14 1958/ 26 1979/ 17 1949/ 19 1942/ 23 1977/ 21 1976/ 06 1937/ 05
Extreme Daily Snowfall (cm)52.3 40.6 97.5 31.8 16.0 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 8.6 30.0 41.6
Date (yyyy/dd)1968/ 05 1935/ 26 1976/ 17 1972/ 09 1974/ 28 1944/ 03 1982/ 31Legend++ 1982/ 31Legend++ 1982/ 30Legend++ 1972/ 20 1980/ 19 1981/ 29
Extreme Daily Precipitation (mm)60.7 43.9 97.5 42.9 48.3 59.2 62.0 76.2 97.3 60.4 54.1 68.8
Date (yyyy/dd)1979/ 08 1966/ 14 1976/ 17 1951/ 10 1891/ 14 1958/ 26 1979/ 17 1949/ 19 1942/ 23 1977/ 21 1976/ 06 1937/ 05
Degree Days
Above 18 °C0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.9 14.0 17.0 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 32.0
Above 5 °C0.0 0.0 0.0 2.1 49.8 202.9 352.9 368.9 234.8 93.1 17.3 0.8 1323.0
Below 0 °C198.9 229.6 133.2 28.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 10.9 98.8 700.0
Below 18 °C754.3 736.2 685.3 534.7 380.0 188.1 64.1 51.1 155.6 320.9 455.0 637.4 4963.0
Days With
Maximum Temperature >°C7.0 5.0 12.0 24.0 31.0 30.0 31.0 31.0 30.0 31.0 27.0 14.0 272.0
Measurable Rainfall5.0 4.0 6.0 8.0 12.0 11.0 11.0 11.0 12.0 14.0 13.0 8.0 113.0
Measurable Snowfall16.0 12.0 11.0 7.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Legend** 5.0 13.0 66.0
Measurable Precipitation18.0 14.0 15.0 13.0 12.0 11.0 11.0 11.0 12.0 14.0 15.0 19.0 165.0
Wind
Speed (km/h)38.0 34.0 33.0 30.0 28.0 27.0 26.0 26.0 29.0 32.0 35.0 37.0 31.0
Most Frequent DirectionNW NW NW NW S S SW SW W W NW NW W
Hourly Speed (km/h)132.0 146.0 140.0 113.0 97.0 97.0 117.0 97.0 121.0 135.0 132.0 130.0
DirectionNW NW W SE SE E NW E NW N NW W
Gust Speed (km/h)157.0 133.0 141.0 131.0 107.0 111.0 152.0 96.0 119.0 120.0 126.0 146.0
DirectionW NW S E NW NW NW N S W N N
Pressure
Station Pressure (kPa)100.16 100.25 100.26 100.36 100.61 100.53 LegendNXN LegendNXN 100.77 100.66 100.54 LegendNXN LegendNXN
Humidity
Vapour Pressure (kPa)0.34 0.31 0.41 0.53 0.75 1.14 LegendNXN 1.58 1.22 0.88 0.65 LegendNXN LegendNXN

Legend

  • C = Calm
  • M = No data for the period
  • N or X = Data exists, but not enough to derive a value
  • + = Most recent occurrence of the extreme value
  • * = Quantity is less than one
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