Canadian Climate Normals 1971-2000 Station Data

The minimum number of years used to calculate these Normals is indicated by a code for each element. A "+" beside an extreme date indicates that this date is the first occurrence of the extreme value. Values and dates in bold indicate all-time extremes for the location.

Data used in the calculation of these Normals may be subject to further quality assurance checks. This may result in minor changes to some values presented here.

Metadata including Station Name, Province, Latitude, Longitude, Elevation, Climate ID, WMO ID, TC ID
QUEBEC/JEAN LESAGE INTL A
QUEBEC
Latitude: 46°48'00.000" N Longitude: 71°23'00.000" W Elevation: 74.40 m
Climate ID: 7016294 WMO ID: 71708 TC ID: YQB
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
Temperature:
Daily Average (°C)-12.8 -11.1 -4.6 3.3 11.2 16.5 19.2 17.9 12.5 6.2 -0.7 -9.1 4 LegendCC
Standard Deviation2.7 2.5 2.1 1.5 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.5 1.5 3 0.8 LegendCC
Daily Maximum (°C)-7.9 -6.1 0.1 7.8 17.1 22.2 25 23.4 17.7 10.7 2.9 -4.8 9 LegendCC
Daily Minimum (°C)-17.6 -16 -9.4 -1.3 5.3 10.6 13.4 12.4 7.2 1.7 -4.3 -13.4 -0.9 LegendCC
Extreme Maximum (°C)10 11.7 17.8 29.9 33 33.9 35.6 34.4 33.9 28.3 20 13.9   Legend
Extreme Minimum (°C)-35.4 -36.1 -30 -18.9 -7.8 -0.6 3.9 2.2 -4.8 -10 -24 -32.3   Legend
Precipitation:
Rainfall (mm)26.1 12.6 39 59.5 105.5 114.2 127.8 116.7 125.5 99.5 67.9 29.5 923.8 LegendCC
Snowfall (cm)72.9 63.2 49 17.6 0.4 0 0 0 0 1.9 33.2 77.7 315.9 LegendCC
Precipitation (mm)89.8 70.6 90.3 81.2 106.1 114.2 127.8 116.7 125.5 101.7 102 104.4 1230.3 LegendCC
Average Snow Depth (cm)58 76 72 23 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 29 22 LegendCC
Median Snow Depth (cm)58 76 72 23 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 29 22 LegendCC
Snow Depth at Month-end (cm)70 81 51 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 10 48 22 LegendCC
Extreme Daily Rainfall (mm)34.2 53.4 56.9 55.4 54.2 78 59.9 55.4 81.2 56.9 45.5 43.4   Legend
Extreme Daily Snowfall (cm)33 29.2 43.9 33 7.1 0.3 0 0 0 17.3 32 35.6   Legend
Extreme Daily Precipitation (mm)42.2 53.4 63.5 55.4 54.2 78 59.9 55.4 81.2 56.9 45.7 47.8   Legend
Extreme Snow Depth (cm)155 165 157 102 8 13 0 0 0 15 58 107   Legend
Days with Maximum Temperature:
<= 0 °C26.6 23.8 14.2 1.9 0 0 0 0 0 0 8.6 23.8 98.8 LegendCC
> 0 °C4.4 4.5 16.8 28.1 31 30 31 31 30 31 21.4 7.3 266.5 LegendCC
> 10 °C0 0.04 0.68 9.2 27.7 29.9 31 31 28.8 16 2.4 0.13 176.9 LegendCC
> 20 °C0 0 0 0.60 9.9 20.7 28 24.9 8.5 0.96 0 0 93.5 LegendCC
> 30 °C0 0 0 0 0.63 1 2.2 0.72 0.08 0 0 0 4.6 LegendCC
> 35 °C0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 LegendCC
Days with Minimum Temperature:
> 0 °C0.08 0.36 1.8 12 28.5 30 31 31 28.8 19.3 6.1 0.54 189.4 LegendCC
<= 2 °C31 28.2 30.7 24.2 6.2 0.16 0 0 4 17.3 27.3 31 200 LegendCC
<= 0 °C30.9 27.9 29.2 18 2.5 0.04 0 0 1.3 11.7 23.9 30.5 175.9 LegendCC
< -2 °C30.2 27.2 25.3 10.9 0.54 0 0 0 0.21 5.9 18.8 29 148.1 LegendCC
< -10 °C25.2 21.9 13.5 1.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 3.8 19.6 85.1 LegendCC
< -20 °C12.8 8.8 2.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.21 6.9 31.1 LegendCC
< - 30 °C1.1 0.28 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.29 1.7 LegendCC
Days with Rainfall:
>= 0.2 mm3.6 2.3 5.5 10.4 14.3 13.7 13.8 13.9 14.2 14.8 10.3 4.4 121.1 LegendCC
>= 5 mm1.6 0.68 2.5 3.8 6.4 6.4 7.3 6.8 6.8 5.5 4.2 2.1 54.1 LegendCC
>= 10 mm1.1 0.44 1.3 2.2 3.6 3.6 4.2 4.3 4 3.3 2.4 1.1 31.5 LegendCC
>= 25 mm0.16 0.12 0.28 0.08 0.88 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.4 0.79 0.42 0.21 8 LegendCC
Days With Snowfall:
>= 0.2 cm17.5 13.9 11.4 5.2 0.29 0 0 0 0 0.96 9 18.1 76.4 LegendCC
>= 5 cm5.4 4.4 3 1.1 0 0 0 0 0 0.08 2 5.5 21.4 LegendCC
>= 10 cm1.8 2.2 1.5 0.40 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.92 2.1 8.9 LegendCC
>= 25 cm0.16 0.04 0.12 0.04 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.08 0.13 0.57 LegendCC
Days with Precipitation:
>= 0.2 mm18.5 14.9 14.3 13.3 14.3 13.7 13.8 13.9 14.2 15.1 16.4 19.5 181.9 LegendCC
>= 5 mm5.9 4.4 5.7 5.2 6.4 6.4 7.3 6.8 6.8 5.8 6.2 6.7 73.6 LegendCC
>= 10 mm2.6 2.4 3 3.1 3.6 3.6 4.2 4.3 4 3.3 3.8 3.5 41.4 LegendCC
>= 25 mm0.48 0.28 0.48 0.16 0.88 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.4 0.79 0.58 0.67 9.4 LegendCC
Days with Snow Depth:
>= 1 cm31 28.2 31 19.2 0.08 0 0 0 0 0.21 11.5 27.7 148.9 LegendCC
>= 5 cm31 28.2 31 18.1 0.04 0 0 0 0 0 7.5 26.5 142.3 LegendCC
>= 10 cm30.7 28.2 30.8 16.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 23.8 134.1 LegendCC
>= 20 cm29.5 28.1 30.3 14 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 18.3 121.1 LegendCC
Wind:
Speed (km/h)16.6 15.6 15.5 14.9 13.8 11.8 10.6 10.5 11.4 12.8 14.3 15.1 13.6 LegendAA
Most Frequent DirectionSW SW NE NE NE SW SW SW SW SW SW SW SW LegendAA
Maximum Hourly Speed (km/h)84 97 82 72 72 70 77 64 72 80 87 74   Legend
Maximum Gust Speed (km/h)109 113 111 101 116 177 137 98 137 111 113 113   Legend
Direction of Maximum GustW NE NE NE SW W W W W W SW NE W Legend
Days with Winds >= 52 km/h1 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.9 0.4 6 LegendCC
Days with Winds >= 63 km/h0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0 0 0 0 0.1 0.2 0 1.1 LegendCC
Degree Days:
Above 24 °C0 0 0 0 0 0.4 2.1 0.5 0 0 0 0 3.1 LegendCC
Above 18 °C0 0 0 0 3.9 25 59.2 39.3 5.8 0.1 0 0 133.3 LegendCC
Above 15 °C0 0 0 0.4 15.3 69 134.6 100.2 19.6 0.8 0 0 339.8 LegendCC
Above 10 °C0 0 0 4.5 74.4 194.7 286.2 245.3 91.4 11.9 0.2 0 908.6 LegendCC
Above 5 °C0 0.1 1.2 29.3 198.9 343.4 441.2 400.1 224.3 67.7 6.4 0.2 1712.8 LegendCC
Above 0 °C1.1 2.5 18.1 116.2 351.4 493.4 596.2 555.1 373.5 193.8 46.4 3.8 2751.3 LegendCC
Below 0 °C396.6 314.7 161.6 17.5 0 0 0 0 0 1.7 67.6 286 1245.6 LegendCC
Below 5 °C550.5 453.5 299.7 80.6 2.5 0 0 0 0.8 30.6 177.7 437.3 2033.3 LegendCC
Below 10 °C705.5 594.6 453.6 205.8 33.1 1.3 0 0.2 17.9 129.8 321.5 592.2 3055.3 LegendCC
Below 15 °C860.5 735.8 608.6 351.7 129 25.6 3.4 10.2 96 273.6 471.3 747.2 4312.8 LegendCC
Below 18 °C953.5 820.5 701.6 441.3 210.6 71.6 21 42.3 172.2 365.9 561.3 840.2 5201.9 LegendCC
Bright Sunshine:
Total Hours100.3 123.6 149.4 168.6 215.9 232 251.7 225.2 155.5 119.8 81.6 81.1 1904.8 LegendCC
Days with measureable20.6 21.1 24.3 23.9 27.2 27.4 29.4 28.5 25.1 24.5 19.6 19.3 290.9 LegendCC
% of possible daylight hours36 42.5 40.6 41.4 46.4 49 52.5 51.2 41.2 35.4 28.9 30.4 41.3 LegendCC
Extreme Daily9.2 10.5 11.7 13.7 14.9 15.2 15.2 14.2 12.9 10.7 9.5 8.5   LegendBB
Humidex:
Extreme Humidex10.6 11.7 17.8 32.9 37.3 44.1 49.2 49.3 40.1 30.9 24.9 14.6   Legend
Days with Humidex >= 300 0 0 0 1.2 5.9 12.1 9.4 1.7 0 0 0 30.4 LegendAA
Days with Humidex >= 350 0 0 0 0.1 1.8 3.8 2 0.3 0 0 0 8 LegendAA
Days with Humidex >= 400 0 0 0 0 0.2 0.7 0.2 0 0 0 0 1.1 LegendAA
Wind Chill:
Extreme Wind Chill-51.1 -52.4 -41 -29 -13.6 -2.9 1.7 -0.6 -7.8 -17.3 -30.8 -48.4   Legend
Days with Wind Chill < -2021.1 16.4 8.2 0.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.3 14 61.4 LegendAA
Days with Wind Chill < -309.7 6.1 1.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4.5 21.6 LegendAA
Days with Wind Chill < -401.5 0.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.5 2.7 LegendAA
Humidity:
Average Vapour Pressure (kPa)0.2 0.2 0.4 0.5 0.9 1.3 1.6 1.6 1.2 0.7 0.5 0.3 0.8 LegendAA
Average Relative Humidity - 0600LST (%)72.1 71.9 73.8 74 73.9 78.6 82.9 84.3 85.3 81.4 80.5 77.5 78 LegendAA
Average Relative Humidity - 1500LST (%)67.6 64.3 61.8 56.5 50.9 55.9 58.2 59.3 61.9 62.1 69.9 72.2 61.7 LegendAA
Pressure:
Average Station Pressure (kPa)100.6 100.7 100.6 100.5 100.5 100.4 100.4 100.6 100.7 100.8 100.7 100.7 100.6 LegendAA
Average Sea Level Pressure (kPa)101.6 101.6 101.5 101.4 101.4 101.3 101.3 101.5 101.6 101.7 101.6 101.7 101.5 LegendAA
Radiation:
Extreme Net - RF4 (MJ/m2)2 7 12.1 14.6 16.8 20.2 19.6 17 12.4 7.7 3.4 2.6   Legend
Visibility (hours with):
< 1 km15.7 16.6 15.7 11.5 2.3 4 3.2 2.7 4.9 6.7 17.2 17.3 117.7 LegendBB
1 to 9 km175 134.2 112 76.7 61.9 63.8 65.9 81.9 72 72.6 115.1 169.6 1200.6 LegendBB
> 9 km553.3 527 616.3 631.8 679.8 652.2 674.9 659.4 643.1 664.7 587.8 557.1 7447.4 LegendBB
Cloud Amount (hours with):
0 to 2 tenths192.4 193.2 207.2 173.6 172.4 153.4 172.1 188.7 173.9 154 120.2 170.7 2071.8 LegendBB
3 to 7 tenths109.9 109.6 112.6 118.6 152.4 178.7 216.9 189.4 154.9 134.7 113.6 100.8 1691.9 LegendBB
8 to 10 tenths441.7 375 424.2 427.9 419.2 387.9 355.1 365.9 391.2 455.4 486.2 472.4 5002 LegendBB
Legend
  • A = WMO "3 and 5 rule" (i.e. no more than 3 consecutive and no more than 5 total missing for either temperature or precipitation)
  • B = At least 25 years
  • C = At least 20 years
  • D = At least 15 years