Canadian Climate Normals 1971-2000 Station Data

The minimum number of years used to calculate these Normals is indicated by a code for each element. A "+" beside an extreme date indicates that this date is the first occurrence of the extreme value. Values and dates in bold indicate all-time extremes for the location.

Data used in the calculation of these Normals may be subject to further quality assurance checks. This may result in minor changes to some values presented here.

Metadata including Station Name, Province, Latitude, Longitude, Elevation, Climate ID, WMO ID, TC ID
KINGSTON A
ONTARIO
Latitude: 44°13'07.092" N Longitude: 76°35'48.008" W Elevation: 92.40 m
Climate ID: 6104146 WMO ID: TC ID: YGK
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
Temperature:
Daily Average (°C)-7.7 -7.2 -1.6 5.4 11.8 16.8 20.3 19.5 15 8.7 3.1 -3.9 6.7 LegendCC
Standard Deviation3.1 2.7 2.1 1.5 1.3 1.2 1 1.2 1 1.5 1.3 3.1 0.7 LegendCC
Daily Maximum (°C)-3.2 -2.6 2.8 10 16.5 21.4 24.8 24 19.5 13 6.8 0.4 11.1 LegendCC
Daily Minimum (°C)-12.2 -11.7 -5.9 0.8 7.1 12.1 15.7 15 10.4 4.4 -0.7 -8.1 2.2 LegendCC
Extreme Maximum (°C)13.5 14.4 19.4 30.7 30.5 31.8 34.3 33.9 30 23.9 20.6 13.7   Legend
Extreme Minimum (°C)-34.5 -32.8 -25.9 -13.3 -3.8 0.6 6 3.9 -1.3 -7.5 -17.2 -30.5   Legend
Precipitation:
Rainfall (mm)31.5 28.1 47.5 74.8 74.9 72.3 58.8 88.1 93 86.4 84.9 54.3 794.6 LegendCC
Snowfall (cm)46.1 37 29.9 9.2 0.3 0 0 0 0 1.1 9.8 47.6 180.9 LegendCC
Precipitation (mm)73.5 62.1 79.5 84.9 75.2 72.3 58.8 88.1 93 87.5 94.5 99 968.2 LegendCC
Average Snow Depth (cm)12 15 8 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 4 LegendCC
Median Snow Depth (cm)11 14 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 3 LegendCC
Snow Depth at Month-end (cm)14 11 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 9 3 LegendCC
Extreme Daily Rainfall (mm)41 34.4 53.4 44.8 45.5 67.8 67.3 58 128.8 52.2 59 45.4   Legend
Extreme Daily Snowfall (cm)27.2 33.4 31 23.1 5.3 0 0 0 0 10.4 16.5 46.2   Legend
Extreme Daily Precipitation (mm)50.1 34.4 53.4 44.8 45.5 67.8 67.3 58 128.8 52.2 59 47.2   Legend
Extreme Snow Depth (cm)56 61 61 23 0 0 0 0 0 8 19 64   Legend
Days with Maximum Temperature:
<= 0 °C19.1 17.8 8.8 0.50 0 0 0 0 0 0 2.5 12.5 61.2 LegendCC
> 0 °C11.9 10.5 22.2 29.5 31 30 31 31 30 31 27.5 18.5 304 LegendCC
> 10 °C0.12 0.08 2.7 13.9 29.2 30 31 31 29.9 23.2 7.8 0.83 199.6 LegendCC
> 20 °C0 0 0 1.1 6.5 19 29.6 28.7 12.6 0.84 0.04 0 98.3 LegendCC
> 30 °C0 0 0 0.04 0.04 0.23 1.2 0.88 0 0 0 0 2.4 LegendCC
> 35 °C0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 LegendCC
Days with Minimum Temperature:
> 0 °C1.6 1.2 4.9 17.9 30.3 30 31 31 29.8 24.4 13.4 4 219.6 LegendCC
<= 2 °C30.6 28.1 29.2 18.7 2.3 0.08 0 0 1.2 11.1 21 29.2 171.6 LegendCC
<= 0 °C29.4 27.1 26.1 12.1 0.72 0 0 0 0.23 6.6 16.6 27 145.7 LegendCC
< -2 °C27.1 24.6 21.1 7 0.16 0 0 0 0 2.8 11.3 24 118.1 LegendCC
< -10 °C17.9 16.8 7.5 0.31 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.2 11.5 55.1 LegendCC
< -20 °C5.2 3.4 0.62 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 11.3 LegendCC
< - 30 °C0.16 0.08 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.08 0.32 LegendCC
Days with Rainfall:
>= 0.2 mm5.4 4.5 8.2 11.5 12.5 11.6 9.6 10.3 11.8 12.8 13 8.2 119.4 LegendCC
>= 5 mm2.3 1.7 3.4 5 5 4.6 3.5 4.7 5.4 5.2 5.8 3.5 50.2 LegendCC
>= 10 mm0.88 0.96 1.4 2.4 2.5 2.2 1.8 2.9 3.2 2.7 2.7 2.1 25.7 LegendCC
>= 25 mm0.32 0.16 0.20 0.50 0.32 0.50 0.48 0.79 0.62 0.84 0.38 0.25 5.4 LegendCC
Days With Snowfall:
>= 0.2 cm14.1 11.2 7.4 2.9 0.08 0 0 0 0 0.36 4.3 11.9 52.3 LegendCC
>= 5 cm2.9 2 2 0.54 0.04 0 0 0 0 0.12 0.54 2.9 11 LegendCC
>= 10 cm1.1 0.68 0.76 0.23 0 0 0 0 0 0.04 0.13 1.3 4.2 LegendCC
>= 25 cm0.08 0.12 0.16 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.29 0.65 LegendCC
Days with Precipitation:
>= 0.2 mm16.9 13.5 13.3 13.1 12.5 11.6 9.6 10.3 11.8 12.9 15.5 16.5 157.4 LegendCC
>= 5 mm4.9 3.5 5.2 5.6 5 4.6 3.5 4.7 5.4 5.4 6.3 5.8 60 LegendCC
>= 10 mm1.8 1.7 2.6 2.7 2.5 2.2 1.8 2.9 3.2 2.7 3 3.2 30.2 LegendCC
>= 25 mm0.40 0.36 0.36 0.58 0.32 0.50 0.48 0.79 0.62 0.88 0.38 0.67 6.3 LegendCC
Days with Snow Depth:
>= 1 cm24.6 24.1 17.2 2.5 0 0 0 0 0 0.12 2 17.3 87.8 LegendCC
>= 5 cm19.4 19.7 11.5 1.1 0 0 0 0 0 0.04 0.79 10.3 62.8 LegendCC
>= 10 cm14.7 15.8 8.8 0.69 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.29 7.3 47.5 LegendCC
>= 20 cm7.3 9.3 5.2 0.31 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3.8 25.9 LegendCC
Wind:
Speed (km/h)18.7 16.5 16.8 16.5 14.1 13.1 13.4 13.6 15.3 16.7 18.7 18.9 16 LegendCC
Most Frequent DirectionW SW SW SW S S S S S S W W S LegendCC
Maximum Hourly Speed (km/h)80 72 74 83 54 51 70 74 57 61 70 65   Legend
Maximum Gust Speed (km/h)105 92 115 111 91 85 120 122 85 95 130 100   Legend
Direction of Maximum GustSW N SW SW SW SW SW SW SW SW S SW S Legend
Days with Winds >= 52 km/h1.9 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.6 1.4 1.4 7.8 LegendCC
Days with Winds >= 63 km/h0.5 0.2 0.2 0.1 0 0 0 0.1 0 0 0.4 0.3 1.9 LegendCC
Degree Days:
Above 24 °C0 0 0 0 0 0.3 2.5 2.9 0.3 0 0 0 6 LegendCC
Above 18 °C0 0 0 0.1 2.9 21.8 78.3 65.7 15 0.3 0 0 184 LegendCC
Above 15 °C0 0 0 0.8 13.2 69.7 163 142.6 46.8 3.1 0 0 439.1 LegendCC
Above 10 °C0 0 0.1 9.2 78.6 203.7 317.7 294.7 154 36.9 3.7 0.1 1098.7 LegendCC
Above 5 °C0.4 0.5 5.8 56.5 213.2 353 472.7 449.7 299 127.9 32 3 2013.6 LegendCC
Above 0 °C9.1 9.2 44.8 167.7 367.6 503 627.7 604.7 449 269.6 115.3 26.4 3194.1 LegendCC
Below 0 °C241.5 211.9 94.2 6.3 0 0 0 0 0 0.3 23.1 147.1 724.5 LegendCC
Below 5 °C387.8 344.5 210.2 45.2 0.6 0 0 0 0 13.6 89.8 278.7 1370.3 LegendCC
Below 10 °C542.4 485.3 359.5 147.9 21.1 0.7 0 0 5 77.6 211.6 430.8 2281.7 LegendCC
Below 15 °C697.4 626.7 514.4 289.5 110.6 16.7 0.3 2.9 47.8 198.8 357.8 585.7 3448.5 LegendCC
Below 18 °C790.4 711.5 607.4 378.7 193.3 58.8 8.6 19.1 105.9 289 447.8 678.7 4289.2 LegendCC
Bright Sunshine:
Total Hours95.3 119 140.8 176.5 222.1 243.5 280.4 241.9 162.9 146.3 88 75.2 1991.7 LegendCC
Days with measureable21.2 21.8 23.4 24.8 27.8 28 29.9 29.4 26 26.1 21 19.5 298.9 LegendCC
% of possible daylight hours33.1 40.4 38.2 43.8 48.6 52.5 59.7 55.7 43.3 42.8 30.4 27.1 43 LegendCC
Extreme Daily9.9 10.6 10.5 13.5 14.5 14.8 14.9 14.1 12.5 10.6 9.8 8.6   LegendCC
Humidex:
Extreme Humidex14.7 14.4 23.8 32.6 34 38.2 42.5 43.4 40 31.6 22.7 18.1   Legend
Wind Chill:
Extreme Wind Chill-45.1 -43.3 -37.3 -22.8 -7.8 -2 5 2.4 -4.6 -12.9 -24.2 -42.4   Legend
Humidity:
Average Relative Humidity - 0600LST (%)79.3 78.9 79 79.1 81.8 85.3 85.6 87.6 87.6 84.3 81.8 80.7 82.6 LegendAA
Average Relative Humidity - 1500LST (%)72.1 69.7 67.7 63.9 67.4 69 67.4 67.2 68 67.4 70.5 72.7 68.6 LegendAA
Legend
  • A = WMO "3 and 5 rule" (i.e. no more than 3 consecutive and no more than 5 total missing for either temperature or precipitation)
  • B = At least 25 years
  • C = At least 20 years
  • D = At least 15 years