Canadian Climate Normals 1971-2000 Station Data

The minimum number of years used to calculate these Normals is indicated by a code for each element. A "+" beside an extreme date indicates that this date is the first occurrence of the extreme value. Values and dates in bold indicate all-time extremes for the location.

Data used in the calculation of these Normals may be subject to further quality assurance checks. This may result in minor changes to some values presented here.

Metadata including Station Name, Province, Latitude, Longitude, Elevation, Climate ID, WMO ID, TC ID
KAPUSKASING CDA *
ONTARIO
Latitude: 49°24'00.000" N Longitude: 82°26'00.000" W Elevation: 217.90 m
Climate ID: 6073960 WMO ID: TC ID:

* This station meets WMO standards for temperature and precipitation.

Temperature
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Temperature
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Daily Average (°C) -18.9 -15.7 -8.8 0.4 9.0 14.4 17.2 15.9 10.5 4.0 -4.4 -14.2 0.8 A
Standard Deviation 3.1 3.6 3.0 2.3 2.1 1.7 1.1 1.4 1.5 1.9 2.5 4.0 1.0 A
Daily Maximum (°C) -12.8 -8.9 -2.3 6.5 15.5 20.8 23.5 21.9 15.5 8.0 -0.8 -9.2 6.5 A
Daily Minimum (°C) -24.9 -22.5 -15.3 -5.8 2.4 7.9 10.9 9.9 5.4 -0.1 -8.0 -19.2 -4.9 A
Extreme Maximum (°C) 8.3 11.7 19.4 29.5 33.3 37.0 37.8 35.0 32.8 27.8 20.0 15.6
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1921/ 27 1930/ 22 1945/ 25 1986/ 28 1921/ 21 1995/ 18 1936/ 12 1931/ 05 1953/ 03 1947/ 16 1938/ 03 1921/ 01
Extreme Minimum (°C) -47.2 -46.7 -42.8 -30.6 -13.0 -6.7 -1.0 -3.9 -7.0 -15.6 -36.1 -47.2
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1935/ 24 1918/ 05 1938/ 03 1932/ 02 1981/ 10 1921/ 04 1992/ 01 1921/ 31 1981/ 30 1922/ 29 1933/ 25 1975/ 19
Precipitation
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Precipitation
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Rainfall (mm) 0.5 3.1 12.2 27.6 61.9 84.9 99.7 79.7 92.5 65.9 21.6 4.1 553.6 A
Snowfall (cm) 55 33 39 23 6 0 0 0 1 17 41 50 266 A
Precipitation (mm) 52.1 33.8 51.9 52.1 68.2 85.1 99.7 79.7 93.5 83.7 62.9 49.9 812.5 A
Snow Depth at Month-end (cm) 47 50 40 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 12 30 15 D
Extreme Daily Rainfall (mm) 12.7 18.3 23.4 42.8 77.0 61.0 80.5 68.1 63.0 47.2 30.5 41.1
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1939/ 09 1955/ 20 1951/ 30 2001/ 22 1962/ 29 1923/ 23 1963/ 14 1961/ 31 1921/ 22 1942/ 04 1918/ 18 1921/ 02
Extreme Daily Snowfall (cm) 38 28 39 42 25 3 10 0 20 42 45 36
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1940/ 14 1943/ 10 1966/ 23 1981/ 04 1929/ 15 1990/ 03 2001/ 01 1918/ 01 1923/ 13 1990/ 17 1957/ 08 1952/ 13
Extreme Daily Precipitation (mm) 38.1 27.9 38.6 47.0 77.0 61.0 80.5 68.1 63.0 54.6 44.5 41.1
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1940/ 14 1943/ 10 1966/ 23 1996/ 30 1962/ 29 1923/ 23 1963/ 14 1961/ 31 1921/ 22 1982/ 20 1957/ 08 1921/ 02
Extreme Snow Depth (cm) 94 99 109 104 41 0 0 0 1 18 41 58
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1967/ 28 1967/ 10 1967/ 13 1969/ 04 1996/ 01 1962/ 01 1962/ 01 1962/ 01 1991/ 27 1966/ 16 1966/ 18 1966/ 29
Days with Maximum Temperature
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Maximum Temperature
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
<= 0 °C 29.6 24.4 19.3 5.5 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.6 17.2 27.1 126.0 A
> 0 °C 1.4 3.8 11.7 24.5 30.6 30.0 31.0 31.0 30.0 28.4 12.8 3.9 239.3 A
> 10 °C 0.0 0.0 0.8 8.0 22.9 28.5 31.0 30.9 24.6 10.6 1.6 0.1 159.1 A
> 20 °C 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.3 8.8 16.8 23.9 19.6 6.3 1.0 0.0 0.0 77.7 A
> 30 °C 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 1.0 1.5 0.6 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.5 A
> 35 °C 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 A
Days with Minimum Temperature
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Minimum Temperature
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
> 0 °C 0.0 0.4 1.5 4.8 18.9 27.3 30.9 30.6 24.9 13.0 3.0 0.2 155.5 A
<= 2 °C 31.0 28.1 30.5 27.6 16.0 4.9 0.7 1.6 8.7 22.2 28.7 30.9 231.0 A
<= 0 °C 31.0 27.9 29.5 25.2 12.1 2.7 0.1 0.4 5.1 18.0 27.0 30.8 209.8 A
< -2 °C 30.9 27.5 27.5 20.0 6.8 0.6 0.0 0.0 1.6 10.2 22.7 29.7 177.6 A
< -10 °C 28.4 24.3 20.3 7.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 10.1 23.9 114.6 A
< -20 °C 21.1 17.1 10.3 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.3 14.4 66.2 A
< - 30 °C 10.3 7.4 2.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 4.6 24.8 A
Days with Rainfall
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Rainfall
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
>= 0.2 mm 0.37 0.73 2.7 5.5 12.6 15.6 15.7 14.5 19.4 14.4 4.5 0.93 106.9 A
>= 5 mm 0.03 0.20 0.87 2 4.1 6 5.9 4.6 5.8 4.3 1.5 0.33 35.8 A
>= 10 mm 0 0.13 0.40 0.83 1.8 2.6 3.1 2.5 3 2 0.57 0.13 17.1 A
>= 25 mm 0 0 0 0.13 0.20 0.40 0.70 0.53 0.37 0.27 0.07 0.03 2.7 A
Days With Snowfall
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days With Snowfall
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
>= 0.2 cm 16.2 11.3 10.1 5.7 1.4 0.10 0 0 0.47 5.4 13.1 16.1 79.9 A
>= 5 cm 3.5 2.1 2.7 1.6 0.40 0 0 0 0 1 2.5 3.3 17 A
>= 10 cm 1.2 0.67 1 0.67 0.20 0 0 0 0 0.47 0.93 1 6.2 A
>= 25 cm 0.07 0 0.03 0.07 0 0 0 0 0 0.07 0.03 0.07 0.34 A
Days with Precipitation
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Precipitation
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
>= 0.2 mm 16.7 11.9 12.0 10.1 13.2 15.6 15.7 14.5 19.5 17.6 16.5 16.7 180.1 A
>= 5 mm 3.2 1.9 3.2 3.5 4.4 6.0 5.9 4.6 5.9 5.1 4.0 3.2 51.0 A
>= 10 mm 1.0 0.7 1.6 1.6 2.1 2.6 3.1 2.5 3.0 2.5 1.5 1.0 23.2 A
>= 25 mm 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.7 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.1 3.5 A
Degree Days
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Degree Days
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Above 24 °C 0 0 0 0 0 0.6 1.5 0.5 0 0 0 0 2.7 A
Above 18 °C 0 0 0 0.1 4.9 19.4 35.5 24.8 5 0.1 0 0 89.9 A
Above 15 °C 0 0 0 1 16.1 50.1 88 66.3 15.3 0.9 0 0 237.5 A
Above 10 °C 0 0 0 6 60.1 147.4 224.5 186.8 64 10.3 0.4 0 699.5 A
Above 5 °C 0 0.1 1.2 23.7 147 282.6 379 338.9 170.3 47.1 5.2 0.2 1395.2 A
Above 0 °C 0.1 2.3 15 79.4 280.4 431.2 534 493.9 314.5 138.4 26.2 1.9 2317.4 A
Below 0 °C 585.1 447.3 287.5 68.8 2.5 0 0 0 0.1 14.5 158.5 442.7 2006.9 A
Below 5 °C 740 586.4 428.7 163.1 24.1 1.4 0 0 5.9 78.2 287.4 596.1 2911.1 A
Below 10 °C 895 727.7 582.5 295.5 92.2 16.2 0.5 2.9 49.6 196.4 432.6 750.8 4041.8 A
Below 15 °C 1,050 869 737.5 440.4 203.2 68.9 18.9 37.4 150.8 342 582.2 905.8 5406.1 A
Below 18 °C 1,143 953.8 830.5 529.6 285.1 128.2 59.5 88.9 230.6 434.2 672.2 998.8 6354.2 A
Soil Temperature
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Soil Temperature
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
at 5 cm depth (AM obs) (°C) -1.4 -1.3 -1.0 -0.1 6.2 12.6 16.0 15.1 10.5 4.7 0.7 -1.0 5.1 A
at 5 cm depth (PM obs) (°C) -1.4 -1.3 -1.0 1.0 10.5 16.9 20.4 19.0 13.1 6.2 0.9 -0.9 7.0 A
at 10 cm depth (AM obs) (°C) -1.6 -1.6 -1.4 -0.5 5.9 12.2 15.7 15.0 10.7 4.8 0.8 -1.0 4.9 C
at 10 cm depth (PM obs) (°C) -1.6 -1.6 -1.4 -0.1 7.8 14.1 17.9 16.7 11.7 5.3 0.9 -1.0 5.7 C
at 20 cm depth (AM obs) (°C) -0.4 -0.5 -0.4 0.4 7.0 13.4 17.1 16.4 12.1 6.2 1.9 0.3 6.1 A
at 20 cm depth (PM obs) (°C) -0.4 -0.5 -0.4 0.5 7.5 14.0 17.7 16.9 12.3 6.3 1.9 0.2 6.4 A
at 50 cm depth (AM obs) (°C) 0.5 0.2 -0.0 0.3 5.5 11.6 15.3 15.6 12.3 7.3 3.1 1.2 6.1 A
at 100 cm depth (AM obs) (°C) 1.9 1.3 1.1 1.0 3.6 8.6 12.2 13.6 12.1 8.6 5.1 3.0 6.0 C
at 150 cm depth (AM obs) (°C) 2.8 2.1 1.8 1.5 3.0 7.0 10.4 12.1 11.2 9.1 6.1 4.0 5.9 C
at 300 cm depth (AM obs) (°C) 5.5 4.7 4.1 3.7 3.6 4.7 6.5 8.2 9.1 9.0 8.0 6.6 6.1 D
Bright Sunshine
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Bright Sunshine
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Total Hours 80.3 113.1 145.4 181.7 220.1 224.9 252.4 227.6 126.9 82.1 53.2 59.3 1766.7 A
Days with measureable 20.8 22.2 24.4 24.7 26.4 27.2 29.3 28.9 24.6 21.3 16.2 17.4 283.3 A
% of possible daylight hours 29.8 39.6 39.5 44.2 46.3 46.3 51.5 51.0 33.5 24.5 19.3 23.1 37.4 A
Extreme Daily 8.5 10.2 10.7 13.9 14.9 15.3 15.2 14.1 12.7 10.1 9.2 7.8 A
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1988/ 21 1982/ 25 1998/ 21 1982/ 29 1985/ 28 1979/ 18 1977/ 10 1990/ 06 1991/ 02 1977/ 18 1975/ 05 1975/ 11
Legend
  • A = WMO "3 and 5 rule" (i.e. no more than 3 consecutive and no more than 5 total missing for either temperature or precipitation)
  • B = At least 25 years
  • C = At least 20 years
  • D = At least 15 years