Canadian Climate Normals 1971-2000 Station Data

The minimum number of years used to calculate these Normals is indicated by a code for each element. A "+" beside an extreme date indicates that this date is the first occurrence of the extreme value. Values and dates in bold indicate all-time extremes for the location.

Data used in the calculation of these Normals may be subject to further quality assurance checks. This may result in minor changes to some values presented here.

Metadata including Station Name, Province, Latitude, Longitude, Elevation, Climate ID, WMO ID, TC ID
MEDICINE HAT A *
ALBERTA
Latitude: 50°01'08.000" N Longitude: 110°43'15.000" W Elevation: 716.90 m
Climate ID: 3034480 WMO ID: TC ID: YXH

* This station meets WMO standards for temperature and precipitation.

Temperature
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Temperature
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Daily Average (°C) -10.2 -6.2 -0.3 6.8 12.5 16.8 19.5 19.1 13.1 7.0 -2.2 -7.9 5.7 A
Standard Deviation 5.2 5.4 2.8 2.3 1.5 1.3 1.5 2.0 2.2 1.5 3.8 4.8 1.4 A
Daily Maximum (°C) -4.5 -0.5 5.8 13.7 19.4 23.8 26.9 26.8 20.6 14.0 3.6 -2.2 12.3 A
Daily Minimum (°C) -15.9 -11.9 -6.4 -0.1 5.5 9.9 12.0 11.4 5.6 -0.1 -8.0 -13.6 -1.0 A
Extreme Maximum (°C) 18.3 21.1 28.9 35.6 37.2 41.7 42.2 41.1 37.8 33.9 24.4 20.0
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1931/ 29 1992/ 27 1911/ 23 1910/ 26 1911/ 05 1900/ 21 1886/ 12 1961/ 05 1967/ 05 1889/ 06 1903/ 02 1885/ 01
Extreme Minimum (°C) -46.1 -46.1 -38.9 -26.7 -11.1 -1.1 1.2 -0.6 -12.8 -28.7 -37.8 -45.6
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1886/ 22 1887/ 04 1897/ 13 1899/ 01 1899/ 03 1910/ 03 1992/ 07 1911/ 27 1934/ 25 1991/ 29 1896/ 20 1884/ 22
Precipitation
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Precipitation
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Rainfall (mm) 0.5 0.3 4.5 15.6 42.7 62.6 40.6 32.9 34.6 11.7 2.7 0.9 249.6 A
Snowfall (cm) 16 11 15 10 3 0 0 0 2 7 15 17 95 A
Precipitation (mm) 13.7 9.3 18.3 24.8 46.0 62.6 40.6 33.3 36.2 18.5 15.8 14.7 333.8 A
Average Snow Depth (cm) 7 5 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 4 2 A
Median Snow Depth (cm) 6 4 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 4 1 A
Snow Depth at Month-end (cm) 5 5 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 3 7 2 A
Extreme Daily Rainfall (mm) 5.1 5.1 24.9 29.0 40.1 99.0 57.4 121.9 118.6 42.4 22.1 11.2
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1917/ 09 1896/ 26 1895/ 28 1991/ 27 1901/ 03 1998/ 27 1966/ 25 1927/ 14 1940/ 22 1914/ 04 1884/ 26 1900/ 01
Extreme Daily Snowfall (cm) 26 28 34 25 14 2 0 12 26 22 32 23
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1971/ 24 1943/ 07 1954/ 11 1927/ 09 1903/ 19 1888/ 04 1884/ 01 1992/ 22 1945/ 22 1942/ 27 1990/ 24 1945/ 07
Extreme Daily Precipitation (mm) 20.6 27.9 33.8 32.5 40.6 99.0 57.4 121.9 118.6 42.4 26.7 22.9
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1960/ 12 1943/ 07 1954/ 11 1991/ 27 1896/ 06 1998/ 27 1966/ 25 1927/ 14 1940/ 22 1914/ 04 1958/ 14 1945/ 07
Extreme Snow Depth (cm) 43 43 31 46 5 0 0 4 8 25 50 43
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1969/ 27 1969/ 01 1998/ 18 1975/ 10 1967/ 02 1955/ 01 1955/ 01 1992/ 22 1965/ 26 1957/ 23 1990/ 26 1964/ 29
Days with Maximum Temperature
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Maximum Temperature
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
<= 0 °C 17.7 12.1 6.5 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.3 8.1 15.6 62.4 A
> 0 °C 13.3 16.1 24.5 29.0 31.0 30.0 31.0 31.0 30.0 29.7 21.9 15.4 302.9 A
> 10 °C 0.9 3.2 10.3 21.7 28.9 30.0 31.0 30.9 27.5 22.9 6.5 1.9 215.7 A
> 20 °C 0.0 0.0 0.3 5.6 13.9 23.1 28.5 27.4 16.0 6.0 0.3 0.0 121.2 A
> 30 °C 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 1.0 3.0 8.1 9.4 2.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 23.6 A
> 35 °C 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.8 1.3 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.3 A
Days with Minimum Temperature
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Minimum Temperature
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
> 0 °C 1.0 1.5 3.7 15.2 28.3 29.9 30.9 31.0 26.7 16.0 3.2 1.2 188.7 A
<= 2 °C 30.7 27.9 29.7 20.6 5.7 0.3 0.0 0.1 5.9 19.9 28.4 30.5 199.7 A
<= 0 °C 30.0 26.8 27.3 14.8 2.8 0.1 0.0 0.0 3.2 15.0 26.8 29.8 176.4 A
< -2 °C 28.4 24.1 22.6 8.9 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.2 9.5 23.6 28.2 147.2 A
< -10 °C 20.0 14.1 7.2 0.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.2 9.2 17.9 70.4 A
< -20 °C 10.4 6.7 1.6 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 2.1 7.6 28.7 A
< - 30 °C 2.4 1.3 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.2 6.1 A
Days with Rainfall
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Rainfall
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
>= 0.2 mm 0.52 0.40 2 5.4 10.1 10.9 9.3 8 7.2 4.3 1.9 0.79 60.7 A
>= 5 mm 0 0 0.37 0.97 2.8 3.5 2.7 2.2 2.3 0.86 0.14 0.03 15.8 A
>= 10 mm 0 0 0.10 0.40 1 1.8 1.1 0.87 0.77 0.24 0 0 6.3 A
>= 25 mm 0 0 0 0.03 0.20 0.43 0.17 0.03 0.17 0 0 0 1 A
Days With Snowfall
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days With Snowfall
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
>= 0.2 cm 9 6.1 6.4 3.4 1 0 0 0.03 0.43 2.3 6.9 8.7 44.3 A
>= 5 cm 0.76 0.47 0.67 0.63 0.27 0 0 0.03 0.17 0.48 0.86 0.76 5.1 A
>= 10 cm 0.14 0.03 0.20 0.17 0.07 0 0 0.03 0 0.14 0.17 0.14 1.1 A
>= 25 cm 0.03 0 0.03 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.07 0 0.13 A
Days with Precipitation
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Precipitation
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
>= 0.2 mm 8.8 6.2 7.7 7.7 10.4 10.9 9.3 8.0 7.4 5.9 8.0 8.9 99.3 A
>= 5 mm 0.6 0.3 1.0 1.7 3.0 3.5 2.7 2.2 2.5 1.2 0.9 0.6 20.2 A
>= 10 mm 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.6 1.1 1.8 1.1 0.9 0.8 0.4 0.1 0.1 7.4 A
>= 25 mm 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.2 A
Days with Snow Depth
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Snow Depth
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
>= 1 cm 24.1 16.1 10.2 2.2 0.03 0 0 0.03 0.13 1.7 10 19.3 83.9 A
>= 5 cm 15.9 10.1 6.1 1.1 0 0 0 0 0.07 0.86 5.1 11.1 50.4 A
>= 10 cm 9.7 5.6 2.6 0.70 0 0 0 0 0 0.45 1.7 4.8 25.6 A
>= 20 cm 1.3 2 0.83 0.40 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.55 1.2 6.2 A
Wind
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Wind
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Speed (km/h) 13.8 13.8 14.3 15.5 15.3 14.5 12.9 12.4 13.0 14.6 14.1 14.8 14.1 A
Most Frequent Direction SW SW SW SW SW SW SW SW SW SW SW SW SW A
Maximum Hourly Speed (km/h) 74 65 87 83 80 74 77 65 72 83 80 77
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1992/ 02 1977/ 21 1977/ 08 2002/ 14 1953/ 07 1977/ 01 1967/ 24 1984/ 27 1971/ 11 1991/ 16 1962/ 19 1953/ 28
Direction of Maximum Hourly Speed SW SW SW SW SE W N W NW SW SW W
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1992/ 02 1977/ 21 1977/ 08 2002/ 14 1953/ 07 1977/ 01 1967/ 24 1984/ 27 1971/ 11 1991/ 16 1962/ 19 1953/ 28
Maximum Gust Speed (km/h) 105 117 115 107 117 148 132 130 124 126 145 116
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1962/ 06 1965/ 19 1977/ 08 1981/ 06 1965/ 16 1984/ 29 1962/ 28 1998/ 15 1964/ 25 1991/ 16 1962/ 19 1963/ 31
Direction of Maximum Gust NW NW SW SW W SW NW SW N W SW SW
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1962/ 06 1965/ 19 1977/ 08 1981/ 06 1965/ 16 1984/ 29 1962/ 28 1998/ 15 1964/ 25 1991/ 16 1962/ 19 1963/ 31
Days with Winds >= 52 km/h 1.4 0.9 0.8 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0 0.5 1.3 1.2 1.4 13.3 A
Days with Winds >= 63 km/h 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.4 0.3 0.4 3.3 A
Degree Days
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Degree Days
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Above 24 °C 0 0 0 0 0.1 1.1 4.1 4.6 0.2 0 0 0 10 A
Above 18 °C 0 0 0 0.6 6.6 29.2 69.1 70.8 10 0.4 0 0 186.6 A
Above 15 °C 0 0 0 4 24.4 75.5 143 138.8 32.9 3.2 0.1 0 421.9 A
Above 10 °C 0 0 1.2 26.6 102.2 205.6 294 284.2 116.9 28.6 2.1 0.1 1061.5 A
Above 5 °C 1 3.7 16.3 94.7 235.7 355 448.9 438.7 246 105.5 14.5 2.7 1962.8 A
Above 0 °C 14.5 30.5 79.3 217.4 388.3 505 603.9 593.7 391.5 230.9 58.4 20.3 3133.7 A
Below 0 °C 314.4 210.6 88.3 10.7 0 0 0 0 0.4 14.4 106.1 259 1003.9 A
Below 5 °C 455.9 325.3 180.3 38 2.4 0 0 0.1 4.8 44.1 212.2 396.3 1659.4 A
Below 10 °C 609.9 463 320.3 119.9 23.8 0.5 0.1 0.6 25.8 122.2 349.8 548.8 2584.5 A
Below 15 °C 764.9 604.4 474 247.3 101.1 20.4 4.1 10.1 91.8 251.7 497.8 703.7 3771.3 A
Below 18 °C 857.9 689.2 567 333.9 176.2 64.2 23.2 35.1 158.8 341.9 587.7 796.7 4631.9 A
Bright Sunshine
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Bright Sunshine
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Total Hours 105.0 135.8 176.8 231.5 283.6 302.9 351.1 314.7 216.6 184.2 116.6 94.1 2512.9 A
Days with measureable 25.2 25.3 27.7 27.9 28.9 29.0 30.6 30.5 27.8 28.6 24.4 24.0 329.9 A
% of possible daylight hours 39.4 47.7 48.1 56.1 59.4 62.0 71.3 70.2 57.0 55.1 42.7 37.2 53.9 A
Extreme Daily 8.9 10.5 11.7 14.1 15.3 16.4 16.0 14.7 12.9 11.3 9.6 8.2 A
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1973/ 31 1990/ 28 2000/ 26 1993/ 21 1977/ 30 1994/ 19 1999/ 03 1981/ 01 1974/ 02 2000/ 06 1971/ 06 1975/ 05
Humidex
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Humidex
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Extreme Humidex 15.1 20.9 23.3 30.5 37.0 39.0 42.3 41.1 38.4 30.7 22.8 17.2
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1981/ 22 1992/ 27 1966/ 29 1980/ 20 1986/ 29 1990/ 30 1955/ 18 1961/ 05 1953/ 12 1964/ 12 1975/ 04 1962/ 15
Days with Humidex >= 30 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.7 3.6 9.2 9.9 1.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 25.2 A
Days with Humidex >= 35 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.4 1.6 1.5 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.7 A
Days with Humidex >= 40 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 A
Wind Chill
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Wind Chill
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Extreme Wind Chill -54 -51 -45 -31 -13 -3 0 -5 -13 -38 -49 -59
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1957/ 24 1956/ 15 1976/ 03 1954/ 02 1954/ 02 1998/ 02 1999/ 15 1992/ 22 1972/ 28 1991/ 29 1985/ 27 1968/ 28
Days with Wind Chill < -20 16.3 10.3 4.2 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 5.1 12.9 49.6 A
Days with Wind Chill < -30 8.7 4.6 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 1.6 5.6 21.4 A
Days with Wind Chill < -40 1.9 0.8 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 1.8 4.7 A
Humidity
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Humidity
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Average Vapour Pressure (kPa) 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.8 1 1.2 1.1 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.6 A
Average Relative Humidity - 0600LST (%) 73 74.5 77.8 73.4 71.8 72.8 73.7 74.5 75.5 73.1 75.9 74 74.2 A
Average Relative Humidity - 1500LST (%) 65.6 60.5 52.8 38.8 38.6 38.7 36.3 34.9 39.2 41.9 58.6 64.9 47.6 A
Pressure
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Pressure
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Average Station Pressure (kPa) 93.1 93.1 92.9 93 92.9 92.9 93.1 93.1 93.2 93.1 93 93.1 93 A
Average Sea Level Pressure (kPa) 101.9 101.8 101.6 101.5 101.3 101.2 101.4 101.4 101.5 101.6 101.6 101.8 101.6 A
Visibility (hours with)
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Visibility (hours with)
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
< 1 km 5.7 6.8 5.6 2.8 0.1 0.4 0.4 0.6 1.3 3.2 6.8 6.6 40.2 C
1 to 9 km 80.4 62.4 63.8 31.8 17.2 9.9 4.3 10.2 12.4 24.9 58.2 76.3 451.8 C
> 9 km 657.9 609 674.7 685.4 726.7 709.8 739.4 733.3 706.3 715.9 654.9 661.1 8274.2 C
Cloud Amount (hours with)
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Cloud Amount (hours with)
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
0 to 2 tenths 183.5 161 164.8 160.8 161.2 160.2 235.8 244.3 245.7 225.3 172.6 172 2287.1 C
3 to 7 tenths 174.3 172.3 194.7 207.2 225 253.6 263.7 250.5 188.1 195.9 172.5 171.4 2,469 C
8 to 10 tenths 386.2 345 384.6 352 357.8 306.2 244.6 249.2 286.2 322.9 375 400.7 4010.2 C
Legend
  • A = WMO "3 and 5 rule" (i.e. no more than 3 consecutive and no more than 5 total missing for either temperature or precipitation)
  • B = At least 25 years
  • C = At least 20 years
  • D = At least 15 years