Canadian Climate Normals 1971-2000 Station Data

The minimum number of years used to calculate these Normals is indicated by a code for each element. A "+" beside an extreme date indicates that this date is the first occurrence of the extreme value. Values and dates in bold indicate all-time extremes for the location.

Data used in the calculation of these Normals may be subject to further quality assurance checks. This may result in minor changes to some values presented here.

Metadata including Station Name, Province, Latitude, Longitude, Elevation, Climate ID, WMO ID, TC ID
MEDICINE HAT A *
ALBERTA
Latitude: 50°01'08.000" N Longitude: 110°43'15.000" W Elevation: 716.90 m
Climate ID: 3034480 WMO ID: TC ID: YXH

* This station meets WMO standards for temperature and precipitation.

1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
Temperature:
Daily Average (°C)-10.2 -6.2 -0.3 6.8 12.5 16.8 19.5 19.1 13.1 7 -2.2 -7.9 5.7 LegendAA
Standard Deviation5.2 5.4 2.8 2.3 1.5 1.3 1.5 2 2.2 1.5 3.8 4.8 1.4 LegendAA
Daily Maximum (°C)-4.5 -0.5 5.8 13.7 19.4 23.8 26.9 26.8 20.6 14 3.6 -2.2 12.3 LegendAA
Daily Minimum (°C)-15.9 -11.9 -6.4 -0.1 5.5 9.9 12 11.4 5.6 -0.1 -8 -13.6 -1 LegendAA
Extreme Maximum (°C)18.3 21.1 28.9 35.6 37.2 41.7 42.2 41.1 37.8 33.9 24.4 20   Legend
Extreme Minimum (°C)-46.1 -46.1 -38.9 -26.7 -11.1 -1.1 1.2 -0.6 -12.8 -28.7 -37.8 -45.6   Legend
Precipitation:
Rainfall (mm)0.5 0.3 4.5 15.6 42.7 62.6 40.6 32.9 34.6 11.7 2.7 0.9 249.6 LegendAA
Snowfall (cm)15.9 10.7 15 9.6 3.2 0 0 0.4 1.5 7 15.2 16.6 95.2 LegendAA
Precipitation (mm)13.7 9.3 18.3 24.8 46 62.6 40.6 33.3 36.2 18.5 15.8 14.7 333.8 LegendAA
Average Snow Depth (cm)7 5 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 4 2 LegendAA
Median Snow Depth (cm)6 4 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 4 1 LegendAA
Snow Depth at Month-end (cm)5 5 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 3 7 2 LegendAA
Extreme Daily Rainfall (mm)5.1 5.1 24.9 29 40.1 99 57.4 121.9 118.6 42.4 22.1 11.2   Legend
Extreme Daily Snowfall (cm)26.4 27.9 33.8 25.4 14 1.5 0 11.8 26.2 21.6 32.2 22.9   Legend
Extreme Daily Precipitation (mm)20.6 27.9 33.8 32.5 40.6 99 57.4 121.9 118.6 42.4 26.7 22.9   Legend
Extreme Snow Depth (cm)43 43 31 46 5 0 0 4 8 25 50 43   Legend
Days with Maximum Temperature:
<= 0 °C17.7 12.1 6.5 1 0 0 0 0 0.03 1.3 8.1 15.6 62.4 LegendAA
> 0 °C13.3 16.1 24.5 29 31 30 31 31 30 29.7 21.9 15.4 302.9 LegendAA
> 10 °C0.86 3.2 10.3 21.7 28.9 30 31 30.9 27.5 22.9 6.5 1.9 215.7 LegendAA
> 20 °C0 0.03 0.33 5.6 13.9 23.1 28.5 27.4 16 6 0.33 0 121.2 LegendAA
> 30 °C0 0 0 0.07 1 3 8.1 9.4 2.1 0.03 0 0 23.6 LegendAA
> 35 °C0 0 0 0 0 0.17 0.83 1.3 0.07 0 0 0 2.3 LegendAA
Days with Minimum Temperature:
> 0 °C1 1.5 3.7 15.2 28.3 29.9 30.9 31 26.7 16 3.2 1.2 188.7 LegendAA
<= 2 °C30.7 27.9 29.7 20.6 5.7 0.33 0.03 0.11 5.9 19.9 28.4 30.5 199.7 LegendAA
<= 0 °C30 26.8 27.3 14.8 2.8 0.07 0 0 3.2 15 26.8 29.8 176.4 LegendAA
< -2 °C28.4 24.1 22.6 8.9 0.79 0 0 0 1.2 9.5 23.6 28.2 147.2 LegendAA
< -10 °C20 14.1 7.2 0.90 0 0 0 0 0 1.2 9.2 17.9 70.4 LegendAA
< -20 °C10.4 6.7 1.6 0.10 0 0 0 0 0 0.21 2.1 7.6 28.7 LegendAA
< - 30 °C2.4 1.3 0.13 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.04 2.2 6.1 LegendAA
Days with Rainfall:
>= 0.2 mm0.52 0.40 2 5.4 10.1 10.9 9.3 8 7.2 4.3 1.9 0.79 60.7 LegendAA
>= 5 mm0 0 0.37 0.97 2.8 3.5 2.7 2.2 2.3 0.86 0.14 0.03 15.8 LegendAA
>= 10 mm0 0 0.10 0.40 1 1.8 1.1 0.87 0.77 0.24 0 0 6.3 LegendAA
>= 25 mm0 0 0 0.03 0.20 0.43 0.17 0.03 0.17 0 0 0 1 LegendAA
Days With Snowfall:
>= 0.2 cm9 6.1 6.4 3.4 1 0 0 0.03 0.43 2.3 6.9 8.7 44.3 LegendAA
>= 5 cm0.76 0.47 0.67 0.63 0.27 0 0 0.03 0.17 0.48 0.86 0.76 5.1 LegendAA
>= 10 cm0.14 0.03 0.20 0.17 0.07 0 0 0.03 0 0.14 0.17 0.14 1.1 LegendAA
>= 25 cm0.03 0 0.03 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.07 0 0.13 LegendAA
Days with Precipitation:
>= 0.2 mm8.8 6.2 7.7 7.7 10.4 10.9 9.3 8 7.4 5.9 8 8.9 99.3 LegendAA
>= 5 mm0.55 0.33 0.97 1.7 3 3.5 2.7 2.2 2.5 1.2 0.90 0.62 20.2 LegendAA
>= 10 mm0.14 0.03 0.33 0.57 1.1 1.8 1.1 0.90 0.80 0.41 0.14 0.07 7.4 LegendAA
>= 25 mm0 0 0.03 0.07 0.23 0.43 0.17 0.03 0.17 0.03 0 0 1.2 LegendAA
Days with Snow Depth:
>= 1 cm24.1 16.1 10.2 2.2 0.03 0 0 0.03 0.13 1.7 10 19.3 83.9 LegendAA
>= 5 cm15.9 10.1 6.1 1.1 0 0 0 0 0.07 0.86 5.1 11.1 50.4 LegendAA
>= 10 cm9.7 5.6 2.6 0.70 0 0 0 0 0 0.45 1.7 4.8 25.6 LegendAA
>= 20 cm1.3 2 0.83 0.40 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.55 1.2 6.2 LegendAA
Wind:
Speed (km/h)13.8 13.8 14.3 15.5 15.3 14.5 12.9 12.4 13 14.6 14.1 14.8 14.1 LegendAA
Most Frequent DirectionSW SW SW SW SW SW SW SW SW SW SW SW SW LegendAA
Maximum Hourly Speed (km/h)74 65 87 83 80 74 77 65 72 83 80 77   Legend
Direction of Maximum Hourly SpeedSW SW SW SW SE W N W NW SW SW W SW Legend
Maximum Gust Speed (km/h)105 117 115 107 117 148 132 130 124 126 145 116   Legend
Direction of Maximum GustNW NW SW SW W SW NW SW N W SW SW SW Legend
Days with Winds >= 52 km/h1.4 0.9 0.8 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.1 1 0.5 1.3 1.2 1.4 13.3 LegendAA
Days with Winds >= 63 km/h0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.4 0.3 0.4 3.3 LegendAA
Degree Days:
Above 24 °C0 0 0 0 0.1 1.1 4.1 4.6 0.2 0 0 0 10 LegendAA
Above 18 °C0 0 0 0.6 6.6 29.2 69.1 70.8 10 0.4 0 0 186.6 LegendAA
Above 15 °C0 0 0 4 24.4 75.5 143 138.8 32.9 3.2 0.1 0 421.9 LegendAA
Above 10 °C0 0 1.2 26.6 102.2 205.6 294 284.2 116.9 28.6 2.1 0.1 1061.5 LegendAA
Above 5 °C1 3.7 16.3 94.7 235.7 355 448.9 438.7 246 105.5 14.5 2.7 1962.8 LegendAA
Above 0 °C14.5 30.5 79.3 217.4 388.3 505 603.9 593.7 391.5 230.9 58.4 20.3 3133.7 LegendAA
Below 0 °C314.4 210.6 88.3 10.7 0 0 0 0 0.4 14.4 106.1 259 1003.9 LegendAA
Below 5 °C455.9 325.3 180.3 38 2.4 0 0 0.1 4.8 44.1 212.2 396.3 1659.4 LegendAA
Below 10 °C609.9 463 320.3 119.9 23.8 0.5 0.1 0.6 25.8 122.2 349.8 548.8 2584.5 LegendAA
Below 15 °C764.9 604.4 474 247.3 101.1 20.4 4.1 10.1 91.8 251.7 497.8 703.7 3771.3 LegendAA
Below 18 °C857.9 689.2 567 333.9 176.2 64.2 23.2 35.1 158.8 341.9 587.7 796.7 4631.9 LegendAA
Bright Sunshine:
Total Hours105 135.8 176.8 231.5 283.6 302.9 351.1 314.7 216.6 184.2 116.6 94.1 2512.9 LegendAA
Days with measureable25.2 25.3 27.7 27.9 28.9 29 30.6 30.5 27.8 28.6 24.4 24 329.9 LegendAA
% of possible daylight hours39.4 47.7 48.1 56.1 59.4 62 71.3 70.2 57 55.1 42.7 37.2 53.9 LegendAA
Extreme Daily8.9 10.5 11.7 14.1 15.3 16.4 16 14.7 12.9 11.3 9.6 8.2   LegendAA
Humidex:
Extreme Humidex15.1 20.9 23.3 30.5 37 39 42.3 41.1 38.4 30.7 22.8 17.2   Legend
Days with Humidex >= 300 0 0 0 0.7 3.6 9.2 9.9 1.8 0 0 0 25.2 LegendAA
Days with Humidex >= 350 0 0 0 0.1 0.4 1.6 1.5 0.1 0 0 0 3.7 LegendAA
Days with Humidex >= 400 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 LegendAA
Wind Chill:
Extreme Wind Chill-54.2 -50.7 -44.5 -31 -12.6 -2.9 0.3 -5 -12.8 -37.6 -49.2 -58.9   Legend
Days with Wind Chill < -2016.3 10.3 4.2 0.3 0 0 0 0 0 0.5 5.1 12.9 49.6 LegendAA
Days with Wind Chill < -308.7 4.6 0.8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 1.6 5.6 21.4 LegendAA
Days with Wind Chill < -401.9 0.8 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 1.8 4.7 LegendAA
Humidity:
Average Vapour Pressure (kPa)0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.8 1 1.2 1.1 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.6 LegendAA
Average Relative Humidity - 0600LST (%)73 74.5 77.8 73.4 71.8 72.8 73.7 74.5 75.5 73.1 75.9 74 74.2 LegendAA
Average Relative Humidity - 1500LST (%)65.6 60.5 52.8 38.8 38.6 38.7 36.3 34.9 39.2 41.9 58.6 64.9 47.6 LegendAA
Pressure:
Average Station Pressure (kPa)93.1 93.1 92.9 93 92.9 92.9 93.1 93.1 93.2 93.1 93 93.1 93 LegendAA
Average Sea Level Pressure (kPa)101.9 101.8 101.6 101.5 101.3 101.2 101.4 101.4 101.5 101.6 101.6 101.8 101.6 LegendAA
Visibility (hours with):
< 1 km5.7 6.8 5.6 2.8 0.1 0.4 0.4 0.6 1.3 3.2 6.8 6.6 40.2 LegendCC
1 to 9 km80.4 62.4 63.8 31.8 17.2 9.9 4.3 10.2 12.4 24.9 58.2 76.3 451.8 LegendCC
> 9 km657.9 609 674.7 685.4 726.7 709.8 739.4 733.3 706.3 715.9 654.9 661.1 8274.2 LegendCC
Cloud Amount (hours with):
0 to 2 tenths183.5 161 164.8 160.8 161.2 160.2 235.8 244.3 245.7 225.3 172.6 172 2287.1 LegendCC
3 to 7 tenths174.3 172.3 194.7 207.2 225 253.6 263.7 250.5 188.1 195.9 172.5 171.4 2469 LegendCC
8 to 10 tenths386.2 345 384.6 352 357.8 306.2 244.6 249.2 286.2 322.9 375 400.7 4010.2 LegendCC
Legend
  • A = WMO "3 and 5 rule" (i.e. no more than 3 consecutive and no more than 5 total missing for either temperature or precipitation)
  • B = At least 25 years
  • C = At least 20 years
  • D = At least 15 years