Canadian Climate Normals 1971-2000 Station Data

The minimum number of years used to calculate these Normals is indicated by a code for each element. A "+" beside an extreme date indicates that this date is the first occurrence of the extreme value. Values and dates in bold indicate all-time extremes for the location.

Data used in the calculation of these Normals may be subject to further quality assurance checks. This may result in minor changes to some values presented here.

Metadata including Station Name, Province, Latitude, Longitude, Elevation, Climate ID, WMO ID, TC ID
EUREKA *
NUNAVUT
Latitude: 79°59'00.000" N Longitude: 85°56'00.000" W Elevation: 10.40 m
Climate ID: 2401200 WMO ID: 71917 TC ID: WEU
Temperature
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Temperature
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Daily Average (°C) -37.1 -38.4 -37.4 -27.4 -11.0 2.3 5.7 2.6 -7.7 -22.0 -30.9 -34.7 -19.7 A
Standard Deviation 3.7 4.1 2.6 3.4 2.3 1.8 1.0 1.2 2.6 2.9 3.6 3.6 1.3 A
Daily Maximum (°C) -33.5 -34.9 -34.0 -23.3 -7.7 4.8 8.8 4.8 -4.8 -18.3 -27.4 -31.2 -16.4 A
Daily Minimum (°C) -40.7 -41.9 -40.8 -31.4 -14.3 -0.3 2.6 0.3 -10.5 -25.6 -34.5 -38.2 -22.9 A
Extreme Maximum (°C) -1.1 -1.1 -12.2 -2.8 7.5 17.8 20.0 16.7 9.3 5.0 -1.7 -2.1
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1958/ 23 1963/ 04 1988/ 12 1971/ 26 1995/ 30 1957/ 30 2003/ 11 1965/ 03 1995/ 01 2002/ 15 1947/ 11 1978/ 23
Extreme Minimum (°C) -53.3 -55.3 -52.8 -48.9 -31.1 -13.9 -2.2 -11.2 -31.7 -41.7 -48.2 -51.7
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1966/ 07 1979/ 15 1948/ 04 1964/ 08 1957/ 02 1974/ 05 1959/ 02 2000/ 26 1961/ 25 1953/ 29 1989/ 28 1972/ 19
Precipitation
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Precipitation
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Rainfall (mm) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 4.6 11.1 9.3 1.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 26.2 A
Snowfall (cm) 3 3 3 4 4 4 1 6 11 10 5 4 58 A
Precipitation (mm) 2.9 2.6 2.7 3.5 3.4 8.1 12.5 14.9 10.1 7.9 3.9 3.3 75.5 A
Average Snow Depth (cm) 15 16 17 18 17 5 0 0 3 8 11 13 10 A
Median Snow Depth (cm) 15 15 16 18 17 4 0 0 3 9 11 13 10 A
Snow Depth at Month-end (cm) 15 16 17 18 13 0 0 0 5 10 12 14 10 A
Extreme Daily Rainfall (mm) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 17.0 20.8 41.7 6.2 0.0 0.0 0.0
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1948/ 01 1948/ 01 1948/ 01 1948/ 01 1966/ 30 2002/ 28 1997/ 27 1953/ 17 1985/ 18 1948/ 01 1948/ 01 1948/ 01
Extreme Daily Snowfall (cm) 5 8 6 8 10 9 6 9 15 14 7 15
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1997/ 26 2003/ 07 1980/ 20 1990/ 10 1966/ 10 1967/ 21 1976/ 13 2000/ 13 1966/ 19 1955/ 15 1979/ 29 1983/ 23
Extreme Daily Precipitation (mm) 5.0 8.2 5.1 6.6 7.4 17.0 20.8 41.7 13.7 13.5 6.7 6.2
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1997/ 26 2003/ 07 1952/ 05 1990/ 10 1966/ 10 2002/ 28 1997/ 27 1953/ 17 1957/ 02 1955/ 15 1979/ 29 1983/ 23
Extreme Snow Depth (cm) 36 36 36 38 48 42 2 9 20 28 30 32
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1956/ 26 1956/ 01 1956/ 01 1985/ 19 1978/ 13 1978/ 01 1996/ 23 1997/ 27 1977/ 24 1955/ 31 1955/ 10 1955/ 24
Days with Maximum Temperature
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Maximum Temperature
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
<= 0 °C 31.0 28.3 31.0 30.0 28.6 3.7 0.0 2.1 24.4 31.0 30.0 31.0 271.1 A
> 0 °C 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.4 26.3 31.0 28.9 5.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 94.2 A
> 10 °C 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.0 9.6 1.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 14.5 A
> 20 °C 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 A
> 30 °C 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 A
> 35 °C 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 A
Days with Minimum Temperature
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Minimum Temperature
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
> 0 °C 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 17.3 29.9 18.6 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 66.2 A
<= 2 °C 31.0 28.3 31.0 30.0 31.0 23.8 13.4 23.6 30.0 31.0 30.0 31.0 334.0 A
<= 0 °C 31.0 28.3 31.0 30.0 30.9 12.7 1.1 12.4 29.7 31.0 30.0 31.0 299.1 A
< -2 °C 31.0 28.3 31.0 30.0 30.7 7.4 0.0 4.2 27.9 31.0 30.0 31.0 282.4 A
< -10 °C 31.0 28.3 31.0 30.0 22.4 0.2 0.0 0.1 13.9 30.4 30.0 31.0 248.3 A
< -20 °C 31.0 28.2 30.9 27.7 6.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.1 24.2 28.6 30.8 211.0 A
< - 30 °C 29.2 27.1 29.6 18.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 8.4 23.4 28.2 164.1 A
Days with Rainfall
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Rainfall
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
>= 0.2 mm 0 0 0 0 0 3.1 6.3 5.4 0.63 0 0 0 15.5 A
>= 5 mm 0 0 0 0 0 0.13 0.34 0.38 0.10 0 0 0 0.95 A
>= 10 mm 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.07 0.14 0 0 0 0 0.21 A
>= 25 mm 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 A
Days With Snowfall
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days With Snowfall
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
>= 0.2 cm 4.6 3.9 4.1 4.9 4.1 2.9 0.76 3.7 8.4 9 5 4.7 56.2 A
>= 5 cm 0.03 0 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.07 0.07 0.21 0.40 0.33 0.17 0.07 1.4 A
>= 10 cm 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.03 0 0.03 0.06 A
>= 25 cm 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 A
Days with Precipitation
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Precipitation
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
>= 0.2 mm 4.2 3.8 3.7 4.6 3.9 5.3 6.8 8.2 8.2 8.4 4.6 4.4 66.2 A
>= 5 mm 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.5 0.6 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.0 2.0 A
>= 10 mm 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 A
>= 25 mm 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 A
Days with Snow Depth
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Snow Depth
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
>= 1 cm 31 28.3 31 30 30.6 12.8 0.07 2 20.1 29.9 30 31 276.8 A
>= 5 cm 31 27.4 30.4 29.9 28.7 9.2 0 0.67 8.4 21.9 27.3 30.5 245.4 A
>= 10 cm 25.3 23.6 26.1 26.7 23.4 6 0 0 1.9 11.7 17.9 20.8 183.4 A
>= 20 cm 6.7 7.4 9.8 11.4 9.7 1.9 0 0 0.23 1 3.2 4.5 55.8 A
Wind
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Wind
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Speed (km/h) 8.4 8.3 7.4 8.6 12.7 16.8 17.6 16.3 12.2 8.2 7.5 8.0 11.0 A
Most Frequent Direction E E E SE SE W W SE SE E E E SE A
Maximum Hourly Speed (km/h) 97 102 113 78 81 78 77 78 89 98 83 96
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1958/ 17 2001/ 25 1953/ 15 1990/ 10 1992/ 24 2002/ 26 1975/ 29 1994/ 29 1988/ 17 1957/ 23 1981/ 14 1997/ 03
Direction of Maximum Hourly Speed S NE SE NW SE S S NW S NW NW S
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1958/ 17 2001/ 25 1953/ 15 1990/ 10 1992/ 24 2002/ 26 1975/ 29 1994/ 29 1988/ 17 1957/ 23 1981/ 14 1997/ 03
Maximum Gust Speed (km/h) 126 115 113 102 81 93 108 101 109 83 119 107
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1977/ 14 1978/ 17 1988/ 22 1990/ 10 1990/ 05 1977/ 29 1975/ 29 1975/ 14 1988/ 17 1980/ 24 1981/ 27 1990/ 31
Direction of Maximum Gust E NE S NW S NE S S S NW E N
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1977/ 14 1978/ 17 1988/ 22 1990/ 10 1990/ 05 1977/ 29 1975/ 29 1975/ 14 1988/ 17 1980/ 24 1981/ 27 1990/ 31
Days with Winds >= 52 km/h 2.7 2.1 1.3 1.4 1.3 2.0 1.5 2.1 2.0 0.7 1.2 1.5 19.6 D
Days with Winds >= 63 km/h 1.3 1.1 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.6 0.4 0.6 1.1 0.1 0.5 0.5 7.3 D
Degree Days
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Degree Days
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Above 24 °C 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 A
Above 18 °C 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 A
Above 15 °C 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 A
Above 10 °C 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 1.5 0.1 0 0 0 0 1.7 A
Above 5 °C 0 0 0 0 0 11.5 40.4 9.4 0 0 0 0 61.3 A
Above 0 °C 0 0 0 0 0.7 87.5 177.7 91.4 1.9 0 0 0 359.2 A
Below 0 °C 1151.5 1,086 1163.5 820.5 341.9 19.7 0 8.8 231.9 681.6 933.9 1077.1 7516.2 A
Below 5 °C 1306.5 1227.3 1318.5 970.5 496.3 93.7 17.7 81.8 380 836.6 1083.9 1232.1 9044.6 A
Below 10 °C 1461.5 1368.6 1473.5 1120.5 651.3 232.3 133.7 227.5 530 991.6 1233.9 1387.1 10811.3 A
Below 15 °C 1616.5 1,510 1628.5 1270.5 806.3 382.2 287.3 382.4 680 1146.6 1383.9 1542.1 12,636 A
Below 18 °C 1709.5 1594.8 1721.5 1360.5 899.3 472.2 380.3 475.4 770 1239.6 1473.9 1635.1 13731.8 A
Humidex
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Humidex
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Extreme Humidex -1.1 -1.1 -12.4 -3.0 7.3 17.2 20.8 16.8 7.2 4.8 -3.9 -5.0
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1958/ 24 1963/ 05 1988/ 12 1995/ 26 1995/ 30 1957/ 30 1962/ 21 1962/ 05 1995/ 01 2002/ 15 1963/ 07 1978/ 23
Wind Chill
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Wind Chill
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Extreme Wind Chill -69 -70 -66 -59 -43 -21 -8 -17 -40 -52 -61 -64
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1966/ 07 1979/ 12 1973/ 09 2002/ 02 1970/ 01 1974/ 04 1989/ 11 1997/ 29 1964/ 29 1958/ 31 1989/ 29 1972/ 14
Days with Wind Chill < -20 31.0 28.2 31.0 29.5 15.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 6.7 29.2 29.9 31.0 231.8 D
Days with Wind Chill < -30 31.0 28.2 31.0 25.7 3.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.7 17.4 27.4 30.8 195.4 D
Days with Wind Chill < -40 29.7 27.6 28.6 12.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 4.3 18.7 26.5 147.9 D
Pressure
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Pressure
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Average Station Pressure (kPa) 101.1 101.4 101.6 102 101.7 101.2 100.8 100.7 101.1 101.4 101.3 101.2 101.3 D
Average Sea Level Pressure (kPa) 101.3 101.5 101.8 102.2 101.9 101.3 100.9 100.8 101.3 101.5 101.5 101.4 101.4 D
Radiation
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Radiation
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Extreme Global - RF1 (MJ/m2) 0 0.5 8.3 21.5 35.2 36.8 36.9 24.4 11 2.7 0 0
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1980/ 16 1984/ 29 1980/ 29 1976/ 30 1989/ 27 1988/ 13 1989/ 03 1988/ 01 1989/ 01 1979/ 01 1989/ 01 1970/ 01
Extreme Reflected - RF3 (MJ/m2) 0 0 0 0 0 4.1 3.5 2.4 0 0 0 0
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1964/ 22 1964/ 17 1964/ 05 1964/ 01
Extreme Net - RF4 (MJ/m2) 1.2 0.6 1.2 4.6 16 20.8 17.3 13 3.6 0.8 1.2 1
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1980/ 23 1972/ 02 1976/ 17 1995/ 28 1971/ 31 1989/ 15 1988/ 01 1964/ 05 1978/ 05 1973/ 07 1980/ 08 1978/ 22
Legend
  • A = WMO "3 and 5 rule" (i.e. no more than 3 consecutive and no more than 5 total missing for either temperature or precipitation)
  • B = At least 25 years
  • C = At least 20 years
  • D = At least 15 years