Canadian Climate Normals 1971-2000 Station Data

The minimum number of years used to calculate these Normals is indicated by a code for each element. A "+" beside an extreme date indicates that this date is the first occurrence of the extreme value. Values and dates in bold indicate all-time extremes for the location.

Data used in the calculation of these Normals may be subject to further quality assurance checks. This may result in minor changes to some values presented here.

Metadata including Station Name, Province, Latitude, Longitude, Elevation, Climate ID, WMO ID, TC ID
EUREKA *
NUNAVUT
Latitude: 79°59'00.000" N Longitude: 85°56'00.000" W Elevation: 10.40 m
Climate ID: 2401200 WMO ID: 71917 TC ID: WEU
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
Temperature:
Daily Average (°C)-37.1 -38.4 -37.4 -27.4 -11 2.3 5.7 2.6 -7.7 -22 -30.9 -34.7 -19.7 LegendAA
Standard Deviation3.7 4.1 2.6 3.4 2.3 1.8 1 1.2 2.6 2.9 3.6 3.6 1.3 LegendAA
Daily Maximum (°C)-33.5 -34.9 -34 -23.3 -7.7 4.8 8.8 4.8 -4.8 -18.3 -27.4 -31.2 -16.4 LegendAA
Daily Minimum (°C)-40.7 -41.9 -40.8 -31.4 -14.3 -0.3 2.6 0.3 -10.5 -25.6 -34.5 -38.2 -22.9 LegendAA
Extreme Maximum (°C)-1.1 -1.1 -12.2 -2.8 7.5 17.8 20 16.7 9.3 5 -1.7 -2.1   Legend
Extreme Minimum (°C)-53.3 -55.3 -52.8 -48.9 -31.1 -13.9 -2.2 -11.2 -31.7 -41.7 -48.2 -51.7   Legend
Precipitation:
Rainfall (mm)0 0 0 0 0 4.6 11.1 9.3 1.1 0 0 0 26.2 LegendAA
Snowfall (cm)3.2 3 3.1 4.3 4 3.5 1.4 6.1 11 10 4.9 4.1 58.5 LegendAA
Precipitation (mm)2.9 2.6 2.7 3.5 3.4 8.1 12.5 14.9 10.1 7.9 3.9 3.3 75.5 LegendAA
Average Snow Depth (cm)15 16 17 18 17 5 0 0 3 8 11 13 10 LegendAA
Median Snow Depth (cm)15 15 16 18 17 4 0 0 3 9 11 13 10 LegendAA
Snow Depth at Month-end (cm)15 16 17 18 13 0 0 0 5 10 12 14 10 LegendAA
Extreme Daily Rainfall (mm)0 0 0 0 0.3 17 20.8 41.7 6.2 0 0 0   Legend
Extreme Daily Snowfall (cm)5.4 8.2 5.7 7.8 9.7 9.4 5.8 9.2 14.5 13.5 7 15.2   Legend
Extreme Daily Precipitation (mm)5 8.2 5.1 6.6 7.4 17 20.8 41.7 13.7 13.5 6.7 6.2   Legend
Extreme Snow Depth (cm)36 36 36 38 48 42 2 9 20 28 30 32   Legend
Days with Maximum Temperature:
<= 0 °C31 28.3 31 30 28.6 3.7 0 2.1 24.4 31 30 31 271.1 LegendAA
> 0 °C0 0 0 0 2.4 26.3 31 28.9 5.6 0.03 0 0 94.2 LegendAA
> 10 °C0 0 0 0 0 3 9.6 1.9 0 0 0 0 14.5 LegendAA
> 20 °C0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 LegendAA
> 30 °C0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 LegendAA
> 35 °C0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 LegendAA
Days with Minimum Temperature:
> 0 °C0 0 0 0 0.13 17.3 29.9 18.6 0.30 0 0 0 66.2 LegendAA
<= 2 °C31 28.3 31 30 31 23.8 13.4 23.6 30 31 30 31 334 LegendAA
<= 0 °C31 28.3 31 30 30.9 12.7 1.1 12.4 29.7 31 30 31 299.1 LegendAA
< -2 °C31 28.3 31 30 30.7 7.4 0 4.2 27.9 31 30 31 282.4 LegendAA
< -10 °C31 28.3 31 30 22.4 0.20 0 0.10 13.9 30.4 30 31 248.3 LegendAA
< -20 °C31 28.2 30.9 27.7 6.6 0 0 0 3.1 24.2 28.6 30.8 211 LegendAA
< - 30 °C29.2 27.1 29.6 18.1 0.07 0 0 0 0 8.4 23.4 28.2 164.1 LegendAA
Days with Rainfall:
>= 0.2 mm0 0 0 0 0 3.1 6.3 5.4 0.63 0 0 0 15.5 LegendAA
>= 5 mm0 0 0 0 0 0.13 0.34 0.38 0.10 0 0 0 0.95 LegendAA
>= 10 mm0 0 0 0 0 0 0.07 0.14 0 0 0 0 0.21 LegendAA
>= 25 mm0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 LegendAA
Days With Snowfall:
>= 0.2 cm4.6 3.9 4.1 4.9 4.1 2.9 0.76 3.7 8.4 9 5 4.7 56.2 LegendAA
>= 5 cm0.03 0 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.07 0.07 0.21 0.40 0.33 0.17 0.07 1.4 LegendAA
>= 10 cm0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.03 0 0.03 0.06 LegendAA
>= 25 cm0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 LegendAA
Days with Precipitation:
>= 0.2 mm4.2 3.8 3.7 4.6 3.9 5.3 6.8 8.2 8.2 8.4 4.6 4.4 66.2 LegendAA
>= 5 mm0.03 0 0 0.03 0.03 0.23 0.45 0.59 0.33 0.20 0.07 0.03 2 LegendAA
>= 10 mm0 0 0 0 0 0 0.07 0.14 0 0 0 0 0.21 LegendAA
>= 25 mm0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 LegendAA
Days with Snow Depth:
>= 1 cm31 28.3 31 30 30.6 12.8 0.07 2 20.1 29.9 30 31 276.8 LegendAA
>= 5 cm31 27.4 30.4 29.9 28.7 9.2 0 0.67 8.4 21.9 27.3 30.5 245.4 LegendAA
>= 10 cm25.3 23.6 26.1 26.7 23.4 6 0 0 1.9 11.7 17.9 20.8 183.4 LegendAA
>= 20 cm6.7 7.4 9.8 11.4 9.7 1.9 0 0 0.23 1 3.2 4.5 55.8 LegendAA
Wind:
Speed (km/h)8.4 8.3 7.4 8.6 12.7 16.8 17.6 16.3 12.2 8.2 7.5 8 11 LegendAA
Most Frequent DirectionE E E SE SE W W SE SE E E E SE LegendAA
Maximum Hourly Speed (km/h)97 102 113 78 81 78 77 78 89 98 83 96   Legend
Direction of Maximum Hourly SpeedS NE SE NW SE S S NW S NW NW S SE Legend
Maximum Gust Speed (km/h)126 115 113 102 81 93 108 101 109 83 119 107   Legend
Direction of Maximum GustE NE S NW S NE S S S NW E N E Legend
Days with Winds >= 52 km/h2.7 2.1 1.3 1.4 1.3 2 1.5 2.1 2 0.7 1.2 1.5 19.6 LegendDD
Days with Winds >= 63 km/h1.3 1.1 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.6 0.4 0.6 1.1 0.1 0.5 0.5 7.3 LegendDD
Degree Days:
Above 24 °C0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 LegendAA
Above 18 °C0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 LegendAA
Above 15 °C0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 LegendAA
Above 10 °C0 0 0 0 0 0.1 1.5 0.1 0 0 0 0 1.7 LegendAA
Above 5 °C0 0 0 0 0 11.5 40.4 9.4 0 0 0 0 61.3 LegendAA
Above 0 °C0 0 0 0 0.7 87.5 177.7 91.4 1.9 0 0 0 359.2 LegendAA
Below 0 °C1151.5 1086 1163.5 820.5 341.9 19.7 0 8.8 231.9 681.6 933.9 1077.1 7516.2 LegendAA
Below 5 °C1306.5 1227.3 1318.5 970.5 496.3 93.7 17.7 81.8 380 836.6 1083.9 1232.1 9044.6 LegendAA
Below 10 °C1461.5 1368.6 1473.5 1120.5 651.3 232.3 133.7 227.5 530 991.6 1233.9 1387.1 10811.3 LegendAA
Below 15 °C1616.5 1510 1628.5 1270.5 806.3 382.2 287.3 382.4 680 1146.6 1383.9 1542.1 12636 LegendAA
Below 18 °C1709.5 1594.8 1721.5 1360.5 899.3 472.2 380.3 475.4 770 1239.6 1473.9 1635.1 13731.8 LegendAA
Humidex:
Extreme Humidex-1.1 -1.1 -12.4 -3 7.3 17.2 20.8 16.8 7.2 4.8 -3.9 -5   Legend
Wind Chill:
Extreme Wind Chill-69.2 -69.5 -66.3 -59.3 -43.2 -20.7 -7.9 -17.4 -40.3 -52.1 -61.3 -63.7   Legend
Days with Wind Chill < -2031 28.2 31 29.5 15.2 0 0 0 6.7 29.2 29.9 31 231.8 LegendDD
Days with Wind Chill < -3031 28.2 31 25.7 3.2 0 0 0 0.7 17.4 27.4 30.8 195.4 LegendDD
Days with Wind Chill < -4029.7 27.6 28.6 12.6 0 0 0 0 0 4.3 18.7 26.5 147.9 LegendDD
Pressure:
Average Station Pressure (kPa)101.1 101.4 101.6 102 101.7 101.2 100.8 100.7 101.1 101.4 101.3 101.2 101.3 LegendDD
Average Sea Level Pressure (kPa)101.3 101.5 101.8 102.2 101.9 101.3 100.9 100.8 101.3 101.5 101.5 101.4 101.4 LegendDD
Radiation:
Extreme Global - RF1 (MJ/m2)0 0.5 8.3 21.5 35.2 36.8 36.9 24.4 11 2.7 0 0   Legend
Extreme Reflected - RF3 (MJ/m2)0 0 0 0 0 4.1 3.5 2.4 0 0 0 0   Legend
Extreme Net - RF4 (MJ/m2)1.2 0.6 1.2 4.6 16 20.8 17.3 13 3.6 0.8 1.2 1   Legend
Legend
  • A = WMO "3 and 5 rule" (i.e. no more than 3 consecutive and no more than 5 total missing for either temperature or precipitation)
  • B = At least 25 years
  • C = At least 20 years
  • D = At least 15 years