Canadian Climate Normals 1971-2000 Station Data

The minimum number of years used to calculate these Normals is indicated by a code for each element. A "+" beside an extreme date indicates that this date is the first occurrence of the extreme value. Values and dates in bold indicate all-time extremes for the location.

Data used in the calculation of these Normals may be subject to further quality assurance checks. This may result in minor changes to some values presented here.

Metadata including Station Name, Province, Latitude, Longitude, Elevation, Climate ID, WMO ID, TC ID
KUGLUKTUK A
NUNAVUT
Latitude: 67°49'00.000" N Longitude: 115°08'38.000" W Elevation: 22.60 m
Climate ID: 2300902 WMO ID: 71938 TC ID: YCO
Temperature
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Temperature
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Daily Average (°C) -27.8 -27.4 -25.3 -17.0 -5.3 5.2 10.7 8.8 2.8 -7.2 -19.6 -25.5 -10.6 C
Standard Deviation 3.8 4.2 3.2 3.0 3.2 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.5 2.5 4.3 3.4 4.0 C
Daily Maximum (°C) -23.7 -23.0 -20.6 -12.1 -1.4 9.5 15.4 13.1 6.0 -4.0 -15.7 -21.4 -6.5 C
Daily Minimum (°C) -31.9 -31.7 -29.8 -21.8 -9.2 0.8 6.0 4.5 -0.4 -10.3 -23.4 -29.6 -14.7 C
Extreme Maximum (°C) 0.8 -1.2 -0.1 14.0 19.8 31.1 34.9 29.2 22.6 13.4 2.8 27.4
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1981/ 16 1980/ 07 1999/ 22 2000/ 06 1994/ 24 1996/ 25 1989/ 15 2000/ 01 1994/ 01 1988/ 06 1983/ 03 1999/ 19
Extreme Minimum (°C) -46.9 -47.2 -47.0 -39.7 -30.2 -12.1 0.3 -4.4 -18.9 -35.4 -41.0 -44.5
Date
(yyyy/dd)
2002/ 21 1998/ 20 1979/ 05 1979/ 04 1983/ 03 2000/ 01 1978/ 04 1995/ 29 2000/ 26 1996/ 29 1985/ 24 1977/ 12
Precipitation
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Precipitation
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Rainfall (mm) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.6 5.8 12.8 36.3 40.8 32.1 5.1 0.0 0.0 133.4 C
Snowfall (cm) 15 16 16 18 17 3 0 0 8 34 20 19 166 C
Precipitation (mm) 11.0 9.9 10.6 13.3 19.5 15.1 36.3 41.1 39.0 29.5 12.6 11.5 249.3 C
Average Snow Depth (cm) 35 43 47 48 28 3 0 0 0 9 20 28 22 C
Median Snow Depth (cm) 36 42 47 49 28 1 0 0 0 9 19 28 22 C
Snow Depth at Month-end (cm) 38 45 48 42 15 0 0 0 2 17 24 32 22 C
Extreme Daily Rainfall (mm) 0.0 0.0 0.0 7.4 20.6 27.4 30.5 53.7 28.8 19.3 3.4 0.0
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1978/ 01 1978/ 06 1978/ 01 1980/ 27 1992/ 27 1987/ 13 1983/ 10 1982/ 12 1983/ 07 1980/ 08 2001/ 17 1977/ 01
Extreme Daily Snowfall (cm) 26 25 9 16 21 13 0 5 14 23 12 26
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1988/ 01 1981/ 21 2000/ 27 1980/ 30 1993/ 07 1991/ 05 1985/ 07 1986/ 23 1981/ 22 1981/ 29 1981/ 06 1994/ 25
Extreme Daily Precipitation (mm) 25.8 9.1 6.0 16.0 21.8 27.4 30.5 53.7 28.8 23.0 12.4 14.8
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1988/ 01 1981/ 21 1990/ 07 1980/ 30 1978/ 25 1987/ 13 1983/ 10 1982/ 12 1983/ 07 1981/ 29 1981/ 06 1994/ 25
Extreme Snow Depth (cm) 80 92 104 107 128 64 3 0 23 43 49 73
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1993/ 30 1993/ 22 1991/ 31 1991/ 03 1993/ 08 1993/ 01 1986/ 01 1978/ 01 1981/ 24 1995/ 29 1992/ 30 1994/ 26
Days with Maximum Temperature
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Maximum Temperature
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
<= 0 °C 31.0 28.3 31.0 28.4 18.7 1.1 0.0 0.0 2.5 23.1 29.6 30.9 224.5 C
> 0 °C 0.1 0.0 0.0 1.6 12.3 28.9 31.0 31.0 27.5 7.9 0.5 0.1 140.8 C
> 10 °C 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.9 12.0 25.6 20.8 5.4 0.1 0.0 0.1 65.0 C
> 20 °C 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5 6.0 3.9 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.1 12.7 C
> 30 °C 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 C
> 35 °C 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 C
Days with Minimum Temperature
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Minimum Temperature
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
> 0 °C 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 17.9 31.0 27.7 14.0 0.7 0.0 0.0 92.3 C
<= 2 °C 31.0 28.3 31.0 30.0 30.8 20.7 2.7 7.6 22.7 30.9 30.0 31.0 296.7 C
<= 0 °C 31.0 28.3 31.0 30.0 30.1 12.1 0.0 3.3 16.0 30.3 30.0 31.0 273.0 C
< -2 °C 31.0 28.3 31.0 29.8 27.1 5.1 0.0 0.6 8.6 27.7 30.0 31.0 250.1 C
< -10 °C 30.9 28.2 30.9 28.0 12.8 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.4 14.6 28.6 30.9 205.3 C
< -20 °C 28.7 26.7 28.5 18.4 2.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.1 20.0 27.9 155.3 C
< - 30 °C 20.1 18.0 16.5 4.7 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 6.6 16.2 82.5 C
Days with Rainfall
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Rainfall
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
>= 0.2 mm 0 0 0 0.35 2.1 6.4 10.2 12.5 10.4 1.9 0.05 0 43.8 C
>= 5 mm 0 0 0 0.04 0.27 0.65 2.6 2.4 1.9 0.27 0 0 8.1 C
>= 10 mm 0 0 0 0 0.18 0.13 0.78 0.73 0.65 0.09 0 0 2.6 C
>= 25 mm 0 0 0 0 0 0.04 0.04 0.23 0.04 0 0 0 0.35 C
Days With Snowfall
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days With Snowfall
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
>= 0.2 cm 9.4 9.8 10.7 9.4 6.5 1.6 0.09 0.27 3.9 13.9 11.7 10.1 87.4 C
>= 5 cm 0.52 0.65 0.35 0.87 0.86 0.17 0 0.05 0.52 2.1 0.91 0.63 7.6 C
>= 10 cm 0.13 0.04 0 0.17 0.27 0.04 0 0 0.09 0.55 0.18 0.25 1.7 C
>= 25 cm 0.04 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.04 0.08 C
Days with Precipitation
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Precipitation
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
>= 0.2 mm 8.6 9.1 10.0 8.9 7.3 7.4 10.2 12.6 12.9 14.5 10.7 9.4 121.5 C
>= 5 mm 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.5 1.0 0.8 2.6 2.4 2.3 1.7 0.2 0.3 12.6 C
>= 10 mm 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.5 0.2 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.1 0.1 3.5 C
>= 25 mm 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 C
Days with Snow Depth
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Snow Depth
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
>= 1 cm 31 28.3 31 30 29.5 9.8 0.70 0 2.4 25.5 29.9 31 249 C
>= 5 cm 31 28.3 31 29.9 26.1 6.4 0 0 0.70 17.8 29.1 31 231.3 C
>= 10 cm 31 28.3 31 29.8 22.8 3.1 0 0 0.39 11.4 25.7 31 214.5 C
>= 20 cm 22.9 24.6 26.6 25.7 16.8 1.4 0 0 0.13 4.8 12 20.5 155.3 C
Wind
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Wind
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Speed (km/h) 19.0 18.5 15.6 13.4 13.9 14.0 14.4 15.5 16.8 17.4 16.8 18.2 16.1 C
Most Frequent Direction SW SW SW SW E E E E E SW SW SW SW C
Maximum Hourly Speed (km/h) 93 76 83 72 74 61 67 74 74 80 83 93
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1988/ 01 1978/ 08 1980/ 03 1984/ 16 1986/ 28 1995/ 26 1991/ 25 1986/ 22 2002/ 24 1982/ 27 1994/ 19 1983/ 25
Direction of Maximum Hourly Speed NW S NW E NW NW N NW NW NW NW NW
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1988/ 01 1978/ 08 1980/ 03 1984/ 16 1986/ 28 1995/ 26 1991/ 25 1986/ 22 2002/ 24 1982/ 27 1994/ 19 1983/ 25
Maximum Gust Speed (km/h) 106 106 106 83 89 74 81 83 85 89 100 104
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1988/ 01 1978/ 06 1980/ 03 1984/ 16 1986/ 28 1992/ 11 1988/ 23 1984/ 10 1983/ 28 1982/ 27 1994/ 05 1983/ 26
Direction of Maximum Gust NW SW NW E NW W NW NW NW NW NW NW
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1988/ 01 1978/ 06 1980/ 03 1984/ 16 1986/ 28 1992/ 11 1988/ 23 1984/ 10 1983/ 28 1982/ 27 1994/ 05 1983/ 26
Days with Winds >= 52 km/h 1.8 2.7 1.7 0.9 0.6 0.1 0.2 0.8 1.2 1.3 0.9 2.2 14.4 C
Days with Winds >= 63 km/h 0.5 0.8 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.7 4.2 C
Degree Days
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Degree Days
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Above 24 °C 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 C
Above 18 °C 0 0 0 0 0 0.6 3.1 0.8 0 0 0 0 4.4 C
Above 15 °C 0 0 0 0 0 1.8 12.3 5.7 0 0 0 0 19.7 C
Above 10 °C 0 0 0 0 0.1 13.8 60.3 37.7 2.3 0 0 0 114.1 C
Above 5 °C 0 0 0 0 1.9 56.7 178.7 129.1 20.6 0.3 0 0 387.3 C
Above 0 °C 0 0 0 0.3 14 160.6 332.2 274.9 100.3 5.2 0 0 887.5 C
Below 0 °C 855.2 783.1 782.7 510.1 177.8 6 0 0 15.8 225.4 581.5 790.4 4728.1 C
Below 5 °C 1010.2 924.5 937.7 659.7 320.7 52.2 1.5 9.2 86.1 375.5 731.5 945.4 6054.3 C
Below 10 °C 1165.2 1065.8 1092.7 809.7 474 159.2 38.1 72.8 217.9 530.2 881.5 1100.4 7607.5 C
Below 15 °C 1320.2 1207.2 1247.7 959.7 628.9 297.3 145.1 195.8 365.6 685.2 1031.5 1255.4 9339.5 C
Below 18 °C 1413.2 1,292 1340.7 1049.7 721.9 386 228.9 283.9 455.6 778.2 1121.5 1348.4 10,420 C
Bright Sunshine
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Bright Sunshine
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Extreme Daily 5.2 8.4 12.9 17.2 22.9 24.0 24.0 19.1 14.1 10.5 6.4 1.0 C
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1998/ 30 1980/ 27 1997/ 28 1994/ 28 1985/ 31 1981/ 09 1982/ 05 1987/ 01 2000/ 01 1988/ 02 2000/ 05 1981/ 01
Humidex
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Humidex
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Extreme Humidex 0.3 -1.7 -0.3 7.9 19.8 30.3 36.8 36.8 22.7 12.3 2.2 -1.5
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1981/ 16 1980/ 07 1999/ 22 1995/ 28 1994/ 24 1996/ 25 1989/ 15 1992/ 02 1994/ 01 1988/ 06 1983/ 03 1999/ 24
Wind Chill
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Wind Chill
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Extreme Wind Chill -64 -64 -65 -54 -40 -16 -6 -12 -23 -47 -54 -62
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1990/ 26 1985/ 21 1979/ 05 1979/ 04 1983/ 04 1978/ 09 1985/ 21 1995/ 29 1992/ 25 1996/ 27 1985/ 25 1984/ 09
Days with Wind Chill < -20 30.7 28.1 30.4 25.5 7.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 10.5 27.1 30.7 190.9 C
Days with Wind Chill < -30 28.4 25.3 27.2 14.7 1.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.4 18.8 27.1 145.1 C
Days with Wind Chill < -40 22.3 18.9 17.2 4.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 8.1 18.0 89.3 C
Pressure
1971 to 2000 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Pressure
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Average Station Pressure (kPa) 101.6 101.7 101.8 101.8 101.7 101.2 101.1 101 101 101.2 101.4 101.5 101.4 C
Average Sea Level Pressure (kPa) 101.9 102 102.1 102.1 102 101.5 101.4 101.3 101.3 101.5 101.7 101.8 101.7 C
Legend
  • A = WMO "3 and 5 rule" (i.e. no more than 3 consecutive and no more than 5 total missing for either temperature or precipitation)
  • B = At least 25 years
  • C = At least 20 years
  • D = At least 15 years