Canadian Climate Normals 1981-2010 Station Data

The minimum number of years used to calculate these Normals is indicated by a code for each element. A "+" beside an extreme date indicates that this date is the first occurrence of the extreme value. Values and dates in bold indicate all-time extremes for the location.

Data used in the calculation of these Normals may be subject to further quality assurance checks. This may result in minor changes to some values presented here.

Metadata including Station Name, Province, Latitude, Longitude, Elevation, Climate ID, WMO ID, TC ID
WABUSH LAKE A *
NEWFOUNDLAND
Latitude: 52°55'38.000" N Longitude: 66°52'27.000" W Elevation: 551.40 m
Climate ID: 8504175 WMO ID: 71825 TC ID: YWK

* This station meets WMO standards for temperature and precipitation.

Temperature
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Temperature
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Daily Average (°C) -22.2 -20.6 -13.3 -4.3 4.0 10.3 13.8 12.5 7.6 0.5 -8.2 -17.5 -3.1 A
Standard Deviation 2.3 3.4 3.1 2.4 2.4 1.6 0.9 1.0 1.4 1.6 2.0 2.5 3.3 A
Daily Maximum (°C) -16.7 -14.2 -6.7 1.5 9.6 16.1 19.1 17.6 11.8 3.8 -4.2 -12.6 2.1 A
Daily Minimum (°C) -27.8 -27.0 -19.8 -10.0 -1.7 4.4 8.3 7.4 3.3 -2.9 -12.0 -22.5 -8.4 A
Extreme Maximum (°C) 8.0 6.2 14.7 16.8 28.4 33.3 32.6 30.6 27.8 21.1 12.2 5.6
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1996/ 19 1981/ 24 1999/ 29 2006/ 23 2001/ 27 1983/ 16 2002/ 01 1976/ 21 1999/ 02 1961/ 08 1967/ 03 1973/ 18
Extreme Minimum (°C) -43.9 -47.8 -46.7 -37.2 -21.7 -11.1 -6.7 -0.6 -7.0 -21.7 -33.1 -46.1
Date
(yyyy/dd)
2002/ 30 1973/ 17 1964/ 10 1969/ 07 1963/ 02 1961/ 30 1961/ 07 1965/ 26 1993/ 30 1962/ 31 1986/ 20 1964/ 21
Precipitation
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Precipitation
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Rainfall (mm) 0.6 1.6 2.6 12.1 40.4 80.6 113.9 103.4 92.3 42.0 10.9 2.5 502.9 A
Snowfall (cm) 64 51 66 44 14 2 0 0 4 39 78 66 429 A
Precipitation (mm) 49.2 40.3 54.1 48.8 53.5 82.7 113.9 103.5 96.5 75.7 70.9 50.4 839.5 A
Average Snow Depth (cm) 71 83 87 59 6 0 0 0 0 2 18 45 31 A
Median Snow Depth (cm) 71 83 87 62 2 0 0 0 0 0 18 44 31 A
Snow Depth at Month-end (cm) 81 86 78 26 0 0 0 0 0 5 30 56 30 A
Extreme Daily Rainfall (mm) 7.6 12.6 11.7 16.2 46.7 39.4 61.4 45.6 48.8 23.6 36.1 11.7
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1996/ 19 1996/ 25 1976/ 21 1983/ 25 1964/ 25 1978/ 13 1981/ 21 1991/ 17 1972/ 04 1991/ 25 1967/ 24 2000/ 18
Extreme Daily Snowfall (cm) 34 45 35 32 21 10 0 1 24 33 48 54
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1995/ 15 2007/ 15 1998/ 03 2000/ 09 1980/ 09 1990/ 05 1969/ 07 1986/ 30 1963/ 30 2003/ 23 1971/ 10 1980/ 03
Extreme Daily Precipitation (mm) 36.6 34.5 36.2 27.2 46.7 39.7 61.4 45.6 48.8 34.3 43.4 39.6
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1983/ 11 1976/ 02 1999/ 10 1989/ 07 1964/ 25 1978/ 13 1981/ 21 1991/ 17 1972/ 04 1964/ 21 1971/ 10 1971/ 11
Extreme Snow Depth (cm) 218 211 193 207 164 4 0 0 10 49 122 170
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1969/ 11 1969/ 12 1964/ 31 1982/ 22 1982/ 01 1994/ 01 1961/ 01 1961/ 01 1980/ 30 2003/ 30 1964/ 26 1968/ 26
Days with Maximum Temperature
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Maximum Temperature
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
<= 0 °C 30.7 27.0 25.7 11.1 1.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 6.1 23.4 30.0 155.3 A
> 0 °C 0.4 1.2 5.3 18.9 29.7 30.0 31.0 31.0 30.0 24.9 6.6 1.0 209.9 A
> 10 °C 0.0 0.0 0.1 1.7 13.1 25.7 30.4 30.0 18.7 2.9 0.1 0.0 122.7 A
> 20 °C 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.3 7.3 12.9 8.9 1.6 0.1 0.0 0.0 33.1 A
> 30 °C 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 A
> 35 °C 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 A
Days with Minimum Temperature
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Minimum Temperature
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
> 0 °C 0.0 0.2 0.3 1.7 10.7 26.0 31.0 30.9 24.2 7.0 0.6 0.0 132.4 A
<= 2 °C 31.0 28.2 31.0 29.7 26.0 9.1 0.3 1.1 12.6 27.9 30.0 31.0 257.8 A
<= 0 °C 31.0 28.1 30.7 28.3 20.3 4.0 0.0 0.2 5.9 24.0 29.4 31.0 232.8 A
< -2 °C 30.9 28.0 30.2 25.9 14.2 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.6 18.0 28.0 30.8 208.6 A
< -10 °C 30.1 27.0 25.2 13.9 0.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.3 17.8 28.3 144.5 A
< -20 °C 25.9 23.0 15.9 2.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 4.2 19.2 90.6 A
< - 30 °C 13.4 12.1 4.9 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 6.6 37.2 A
Days with Rainfall
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Rainfall
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
>= 0.2 mm 0.44 0.78 1.4 3.8 11.9 16.4 19 20 19.7 10.5 3.9 1 109 A
>= 5 mm 0 0.07 0.07 0.96 2.9 5.4 7.6 7.2 6.3 2.9 0.60 0.19 34.1 A
>= 10 mm 0 0.04 0 0.26 0.93 2.6 3.7 3.2 2.8 1.1 0.24 0.04 14.8 A
>= 25 mm 0 0 0 0 0 0.33 0.52 0.41 0.22 0 0.04 0 1.5 A
Days With Snowfall
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days With Snowfall
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
>= 0.2 cm 17.7 15 16.4 12.3 6 1.2 0.04 0.07 2.5 13.9 19.7 19.7 124.6 A
>= 5 cm 3.5 3 4.4 2.8 0.85 0.11 0 0 0.15 2.2 5.3 4.5 26.9 A
>= 10 cm 1.4 1.1 1.9 1.4 0.19 0.04 0 0 0.04 0.74 2.1 1.5 10.3 A
>= 25 cm 0.27 0.19 0.19 0.08 0 0 0 0 0 0.04 0.20 0.04 1 A
Days with Precipitation
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Precipitation
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
>= 0.2 mm 17.3 14.6 16.0 14.2 15.2 17.1 19.0 20.0 20.5 20.1 20.4 19.3 213.7 A
>= 5 mm 2.4 2.4 3.4 3.5 3.8 5.5 7.6 7.2 6.7 5.0 4.4 2.9 54.7 A
>= 10 mm 1.0 0.8 1.3 1.4 1.4 2.6 3.7 3.2 3.0 1.8 1.6 1.0 22.8 A
>= 25 mm 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.0 2.3 A
Days with Snow Depth
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Snow Depth
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
>= 1 cm 31 28.2 31 29.2 11.4 0.26 0 0 0.44 10.9 28.3 31 201.6 A
>= 5 cm 31 28.2 31 28.6 6.9 0 0 0 0 4.2 23.4 30.9 184.1 A
>= 10 cm 31 28.2 31 27.4 4.2 0 0 0 0 1.9 18.8 30.5 173 A
>= 20 cm 31 28.2 30.9 24.4 2.3 0 0 0 0 0.59 12.3 27.9 157.6 A
Wind
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Wind
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Speed (km/h) 13.8 13.8 14.9 14.9 13.8 14.3 12.7 12.8 14.4 15.2 14.7 13.2 14.0 A
Most Frequent Direction W W W N N S W W W W W W W A
Maximum Hourly Speed (km/h) 72 65 59 60 61 64 56 51 63 65 80 65
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1965/ 09 1979/ 14 1987/ 06 1963/ 01 1976/ 04 1967/ 23 1975/ 08 1965/ 06 2007/ 20 2002/ 14 1965/ 15 1991/ 01
Direction of Maximum Hourly Speed W NW W W W W W NW W NW W W
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1965/ 09 1979/ 14 1987/ 06 1963/ 01 1976/ 04 1967/ 23 1975/ 08 1965/ 06 2007/ 20 2002/ 14 1965/ 15 1991/ 01
Maximum Gust Speed (km/h) 111 130 89 87 78 87 113 130 94 102 104 89
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1982/ 18 1991/ 06 1971/ 05 1963/ 01 1989/ 19 1967/ 23 1969/ 17 1991/ 27 1980/ 30 2002/ 05 1991/ 30 1979/ 18
Direction of Maximum Gust S W NE W W W W W W W W NW
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1982/ 18 1991/ 06 1971/ 05 1963/ 01 1989/ 19 1967/ 23 1969/ 17 1991/ 27 1980/ 30 2002/ 05 1991/ 30 1979/ 18
Days with Winds >= 52 km/h 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.1 2.5 C
Days with Winds >= 63 km/h 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.6 C
Degree Days
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Degree Days
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Above 24 °C 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 A
Above 18 °C 0 0 0 0 0 3.4 5 3.3 0.6 0 0 0 12.4 A
Above 15 °C 0 0 0 0 0.9 11.4 23.3 16.7 3.3 0 0 0 55.7 A
Above 10 °C 0 0 0 0 9.3 56.5 121 92.5 20.9 0.8 0 0 300.9 A
Above 5 °C 0 0 0 1.3 44.3 164.4 271.6 234.6 92.8 8.1 0.1 0 817.3 A
Above 0 °C 0 0.4 2.5 21 138.1 309.1 426.6 389.5 227.7 55.8 3.6 0 1574.2 A
Below 0 °C 686.4 582.8 413.5 142.2 15.8 0 0 0 0.5 41.6 250.5 543.8 2,677 A
Below 5 °C 841.4 723.5 566 272.5 77 5.3 0 0.2 15.6 148.9 397 698.8 3746.1 A
Below 10 °C 996.4 864.6 721 421.2 197 47.4 4.4 13 93.6 296.6 546.9 853.8 5055.8 A
Below 15 °C 1151.4 1005.7 876 571.2 343.5 152.3 61.8 92.3 226.1 450.8 696.9 1008.8 6636.7 A
Below 18 °C 1244.4 1090.4 969 661.2 435.7 234.3 136.5 171.9 313.4 543.8 786.9 1101.8 7689.1 A
Bright Sunshine
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Bright Sunshine
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Total Hours 98.0 132.2 151.3 180.1 210.6 212.5 218.0 202.7 116.6 75.4 56.9 67.3 1721.4 D
Days with measureable 23.2 24.0 24.6 24.2 27.4 26.4 28.5 28.7 24.2 21.7 18.1 18.8 289.7 D
% of possible daylight hours 38.6 47.6 41.2 43.1 43.0 42.1 43.0 44.4 30.6 22.9 21.7 28.3 37.2 D
Extreme Daily 13.0 10.2 12.2 14.3 16.7 16.3 15.9 14.7 13.2 10.0 9.0 7.5
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1995/ 02 1985/ 28 2001/ 31 2000/ 30 1997/ 29 1979/ 09 1976/ 04 1988/ 03 1996/ 02 2001/ 16 1995/ 14 1972/ 04
Humidex
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Humidex
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Extreme Humidex 7.7 5.9 14.6 16.9 35.0 37.1 39.0 35.3 32.2 22.6 13.8 6.5
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1996/ 19 1981/ 24 1999/ 29 2010/ 04 2007/ 25 1983/ 16 2002/ 01 1976/ 21 2001/ 10 2005/ 03 1967/ 03 2010/ 14
Days with Humidex >= 30 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.1 A
Days with Humidex >= 35 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 A
Days with Humidex >= 40 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 A
Wind Chill
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Wind Chill
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Extreme Wind Chill -63 -57 -53 -42 -33 -10 0 -6 -14 -26 -44 -60
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1975/ 20 1994/ 08 1979/ 13 1994/ 02 1972/ 01 1971/ 05 1961/ 01 1976/ 31 1978/ 29 1972/ 25 1978/ 27 1970/ 22
Days with Wind Chill < -20 28.8 25.2 21.1 7.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 10.7 25.1 118.3 A
Days with Wind Chill < -30 23.8 19.9 11.7 1.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.7 15.2 73.5 A
Days with Wind Chill < -40 11.5 9.3 3.4 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 4.7 29.0 A
Humidity
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Humidity
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Average Vapour Pressure (kPa) 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.9 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.5 A
Average Relative Humidity - 0600LST (%) 68.6 69 73.3 78.7 79.8 81.2 85.6 87.6 89.1 86.3 84.3 76.2 80 A
Average Relative Humidity - 1500LST (%) 65.3 59.6 59.1 58.6 54.8 54 57.6 60 66.5 71.6 76.3 72.8 63 A
Pressure
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Pressure
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Average Station Pressure (kPa) 94.1 94.3 94.5 94.7 94.8 94.6 94.6 94.7 94.7 94.7 94.5 94.3 94.6 A
Average Sea Level Pressure (kPa) 101.1 101.3 101.4 101.5 101.4 101.2 101.1 101.3 101.3 101.4 101.3 101.3 101.3 A
Visibility (hours with)
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Visibility (hours with)
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
< 1 km 8.4 6.7 7.1 8.3 4.5 1.1 1.5 2.8 3.9 5.9 9.3 5.9 65.2 C
1 to 9 km 134.4 107.2 111.8 99.1 58.7 30.9 25.8 28.1 45.2 96.1 124.4 144 1005.5 C
> 9 km 601.3 562.4 625.1 612.6 680.8 688 716.7 713.2 671 642.1 586.3 594.2 7693.5 C
Cloud Amount (hours with)
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Cloud Amount (hours with)
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
0 to 2 tenths 208.7 216.3 217 188.4 147 111 95.2 115.2 87.1 73.2 84.1 180.7 1723.8 C
3 to 7 tenths 149.9 139 133.2 123.5 146.4 171.8 205.2 184.3 150.3 109.7 105.5 134.1 1,753 C
8 to 10 tenths 385.5 321 393.7 408.1 450.6 437.2 443.6 444.5 482.6 561.1 530.4 429.2 5287.5 C
Frost-Free
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data (Frost-Free)
Frost-FreeCode
Average Date of Last Spring Frost June 09 LegendCC
Average Date of First Fall Frost September 14 LegendCC
Average Length of Frost-Free Period 95 Days LegendCC
Probability of last temperature in spring of 0 °C or lower on or after indicated dates 10% 25% 33% 50% 66% 75% 90%
DateJun 21Jun 14Jun 13Jun 10Jun 06Jun 05Jun 01
Probability of first temperature in fall of 0 °C or lower on or after indicated dates 10% 25% 33% 50% 66% 75% 90%
DateAug 24Sep 01Sep 04Sep 11Sep 16Sep 19Sep 24
Probability of frost-free period equal to or less than indicated period (Days) 10% 25% 33% 50% 66% 75% 90%
Days6982849097100111
Legend
  • A = WMO "3 and 5 rule" (i.e. no more than 3 consecutive and no more than 5 total missing for either temperature or precipitation)
  • B = At least 25 years
  • C = At least 20 years
  • D = At least 15 years