Canadian Climate Normals 1981-2010 Station Data

The minimum number of years used to calculate these Normals is indicated by a code for each element. A "+" beside an extreme date indicates that this date is the first occurrence of the extreme value. Values and dates in bold indicate all-time extremes for the location.

Data used in the calculation of these Normals may be subject to further quality assurance checks. This may result in minor changes to some values presented here.

Metadata including Station Name, Province, Latitude, Longitude, Elevation, Climate ID, WMO ID, TC ID
GOOSE A *
NEWFOUNDLAND
Latitude: 53°19'00.000" N Longitude: 60°25'00.000" W Elevation: 48.80 m
Climate ID: 8501900 WMO ID: 71816 TC ID: YYR

* This station meets WMO standards for temperature and precipitation.

Temperature
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Temperature
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Daily Average (°C) -17.6 -15.7 -9.5 -1.1 5.6 11.4 15.5 15.1 10.0 3.2 -4.0 -12.5 0.0 A
Standard Deviation 2.9 3.9 2.9 2.2 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.4 2.0 3.6 1.3 A
Daily Maximum (°C) -12.7 -10.1 -3.6 3.9 11.0 17.1 20.9 20.4 14.9 7.0 -0.3 -8.2 5.0 A
Daily Minimum (°C) -22.5 -21.3 -15.4 -6.1 0.0 5.6 10.0 9.7 5.1 -0.6 -7.6 -16.8 -5.0 A
Extreme Maximum (°C) 11.2 10.6 16.4 21.2 32.1 36.2 37.8 35.3 33.6 22.8 17.4 11.7
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1979/ 03 1951/ 08 1979/ 25 1986/ 25 1979/ 20 1989/ 25 1944/ 04 1996/ 08 2008/ 03 1947/ 13 2008/ 16 1950/ 05
Extreme Minimum (°C) -38.9 -39.4 -35.6 -29.7 -15.0 -4.2 0.1 0.0 -6.7 -17.0 -26.1 -36.7
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1957/ 15 1973/ 17 1948/ 06 1984/ 09 1972/ 01 1984/ 04 1993/ 05 1947/ 25 1947/ 28 1982/ 30 1986/ 20 1971/ 27
Precipitation
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Precipitation
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Rainfall (mm) 1.5 4.3 5.1 20.6 51.0 90.0 121.3 99.3 90.6 63.3 22.7 6.6 576.3 A
Snowfall (cm) 79 63 72 48 19 1 0 0 0 19 56 71 428 A
Precipitation (mm) 64.6 56.8 65.3 63.6 69.3 91.4 121.3 99.3 91.0 81.2 72.2 64.4 940.4 A
Average Snow Depth (cm) 62 72 76 45 4 0 0 0 0 1 11 33 25 A
Median Snow Depth (cm) 63 71 77 45 2 0 0 0 0 0 9 33 25 A
Snow Depth at Month-end (cm) 71 75 62 17 0 0 0 0 0 3 20 48 25 A
Extreme Daily Rainfall (mm) 7.2 26.2 24.4 30.2 30.2 69.6 66.8 79.2 68.0 44.7 36.8 26.2
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1997/ 08 1968/ 05 1953/ 31 1976/ 04 2008/ 22 1963/ 30 1981/ 15 1953/ 16 1999/ 23 1968/ 26 1950/ 28 1981/ 07
Extreme Daily Snowfall (cm) 71 40 41 36 34 24 0 0 19 28 41 36
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1985/ 16 1953/ 10 1982/ 08 1981/ 10 1957/ 16 1980/ 28 1991/ 01 1942/ 01 1977/ 19 1958/ 11 1944/ 12 1968/ 16
Extreme Daily Precipitation (mm) 64.5 39.6 52.3 42.9 33.8 80.1 66.8 79.2 68.0 45.7 41.2 32.5
Date
(yyyy/dd)
2006/ 15 1953/ 10 1975/ 21 1958/ 25 1957/ 16 1980/ 28 1981/ 15 1953/ 16 1999/ 23 1966/ 20 2001/ 07 1968/ 16
Extreme Snow Depth (cm) 183 202 206 192 122 9 0 0 9 58 80 130
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1956/ 17 1980/ 18 1978/ 30 1978/ 01 1972/ 01 1980/ 28 1955/ 01 1955/ 01 1977/ 20 1962/ 30 1983/ 28 1979/ 31
Days with Maximum Temperature
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Maximum Temperature
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
<= 0 °C 29.0 25.3 21.2 6.9 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.4 15.5 26.7 126.2 A
> 0 °C 2.0 2.9 9.8 23.1 30.8 30.0 31.0 31.0 30.0 29.6 14.5 4.3 239.1 A
> 10 °C 0.1 0.0 0.3 3.8 16.5 26.0 30.4 30.5 25.2 6.9 1.1 0.0 140.7 A
> 20 °C 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 2.6 9.5 18.1 16.6 4.3 0.1 0.0 0.0 51.2 A
> 30 °C 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.9 1.2 1.3 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.7 A
> 35 °C 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 A
Days with Minimum Temperature
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Minimum Temperature
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
> 0 °C 0.1 0.2 0.5 4.5 15.9 28.2 31.0 31.0 27.8 14.3 2.6 0.6 156.9 A
<= 2 °C 31.0 28.2 31.0 28.6 23.2 6.1 0.2 0.1 5.9 23.7 29.2 31.0 238.1 A
<= 0 °C 30.9 28.0 30.5 25.5 15.1 1.8 0.0 0.0 2.2 16.7 27.4 30.4 208.4 A
< -2 °C 30.7 27.5 29.3 21.3 7.7 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.5 9.9 23.9 29.3 180.1 A
< -10 °C 28.8 25.3 22.3 7.5 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 10.5 24.0 119.2 A
< -20 °C 21.2 18.0 10.6 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 11.5 62.5 A
< - 30 °C 3.8 2.6 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.9 7.7 A
Days with Rainfall
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Rainfall
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
>= 0.2 mm 1.4 1.8 2.3 5.8 12.5 17.1 19 17.6 17.1 13.5 6 2.5 116.6 A
>= 5 mm 0.03 0.30 0.37 1.6 3.6 5.9 7.7 5.9 5.2 4.3 1.4 0.47 36.6 A
>= 10 mm 0 0.07 0.07 0.43 1.3 2.7 4.2 3.5 2.8 2 0.63 0.13 17.9 A
>= 25 mm 0 0 0 0.03 0.10 0.23 0.73 0.60 0.57 0.23 0.07 0.03 2.6 A
Days With Snowfall
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days With Snowfall
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
>= 0.2 cm 16.1 12.6 13.2 9.8 4.9 1 0.03 0 0.33 5.3 11.1 15.2 89.7 A
>= 5 cm 5 4.2 4.8 3.1 1.3 0.07 0 0 0 1.2 3.7 4.8 28.2 A
>= 10 cm 2.4 2 2.4 1.6 0.47 0 0 0 0 0.53 1.8 2.2 13.3 A
>= 25 cm 0.43 0.30 0.27 0.10 0.07 0 0 0 0 0.03 0.23 0.27 1.7 A
Days with Precipitation
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Precipitation
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
>= 0.2 mm 15.9 12.7 14.0 13.0 14.9 17.2 19.0 17.6 17.1 16.3 14.4 15.6 187.8 A
>= 5 mm 4.1 3.9 4.2 4.6 4.9 5.9 7.7 5.9 5.2 5.4 4.7 4.4 60.9 A
>= 10 mm 1.8 1.9 2.1 2.0 1.9 2.9 4.2 3.5 2.8 2.6 2.2 1.9 29.8 A
>= 25 mm 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.3 0.4 0.2 4.1 A
Days with Snow Depth
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Snow Depth
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
>= 1 cm 31 28.2 31 28 9.7 0.10 0 0 0.03 4.1 20.4 29.9 182.5 A
>= 5 cm 30.7 27.9 31 26.5 5.8 0 0 0 0 1.9 16.4 27.5 167.7 A
>= 10 cm 29.8 27.9 31 24.5 4.2 0 0 0 0 0.66 13.2 25 156.2 A
>= 20 cm 27.9 27.1 30.1 22.3 2 0 0 0 0 0.17 7.2 19.2 135.9 A
Wind
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Wind
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Speed (km/h) 16.3 15.6 15.4 15.0 14.3 14.5 13.3 13.4 14.5 15.1 16.0 16.5 15.0 A
Most Frequent Direction W W W NE NE NE NE W W W W W W A
Maximum Hourly Speed (km/h) 84 77 77 65 77 58 64 69 87 80 81 81
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1962/ 16 1974/ 01 1954/ 29 1995/ 06 1953/ 11 1953/ 10 1969/ 07 1994/ 15 2007/ 20 2003/ 28 1993/ 29 1977/ 11
Direction of Maximum Hourly Speed SW SW W N W NE W SW SW SW SW NW
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1962/ 16 1974/ 01 1954/ 29 1995/ 06 1953/ 11 1953/ 10 1969/ 07 1994/ 15 2007/ 20 2003/ 28 1993/ 29 1977/ 11
Maximum Gust Speed (km/h) 143 129 106 98 103 122 101 101 122 111 133 111
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1985/ 28 1955/ 12 1972/ 26 1957/ 04 1959/ 28 1988/ 12 1963/ 14 1969/ 20 1959/ 08 1984/ 31 1984/ 03 1977/ 11
Direction of Maximum Gust N S NE W W W W SE W W W NW
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1985/ 28 1955/ 12 1972/ 26 1957/ 04 1959/ 28 1988/ 12 1963/ 14 1969/ 20 1959/ 08 1984/ 31 1984/ 03 1977/ 11
Days with Winds >= 52 km/h 2.2 1.1 1.3 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.9 1.3 1.7 1.9 13.1 A
Days with Winds >= 63 km/h 0.7 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.3 3.1 A
Degree Days
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Degree Days
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Above 24 °C 0 0 0 0 0 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.1 0 0 0 2 A
Above 18 °C 0 0 0 0 0.2 7.4 20.1 16.9 3.2 0 0 0 47.8 A
Above 15 °C 0 0 0 0 1.9 20.6 58.8 49.6 8.7 0 0 0 139.6 A
Above 10 °C 0 0 0 0.2 12.1 78 174.7 161.1 46.6 1.5 0.2 0 474.3 A
Above 5 °C 0.1 0 0.3 7.8 57.3 194 325.2 312.1 154.2 22.7 2.6 0 1076.3 A
Above 0 °C 0.6 1.3 5.1 46.2 175.7 340.8 480.1 467.1 300.7 112.3 19.8 3 1952.8 A
Below 0 °C 545.7 445.4 300.6 79.8 3.6 0 0 0 0 13 138.5 390.6 1917.1 A
Below 5 °C 700.1 585.2 450.8 191.4 40.2 3.3 0.1 0 3.5 78.3 271.2 542.6 2866.8 A
Below 10 °C 855.1 726.4 605.5 333.8 150 37.2 4.5 4 45.9 212.2 418.8 697.6 4,091 A
Below 15 °C 1010.1 867.6 760.5 483.6 294.8 129.9 43.6 47.5 158 365.7 568.6 852.6 5582.4 A
Below 18 °C 1103.1 952.3 853.5 573.6 386.1 206.7 98 107.8 242.5 458.7 658.6 945.6 6586.3 A
Soil Temperature
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Soil Temperature
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
at 5 cm depth (AM obs) (°C) -5.2 -6.0 -3.6 -0.2 2.7 9.2 13.8 14.3 10.1 4.0 -0.4 -3.4 3.0 D
at 5 cm depth (PM obs) (°C) -5.2 -6.0 -3.6 -0.0 5.1 12.3 16.8 16.9 12.0 4.9 -0.2 -3.3 4.1 D
at 10 cm depth (AM obs) (°C) -4.9 -5.7 -3.6 -0.3 2.7 9.2 14.0 14.7 10.7 4.6 0.1 -3.1 3.2 D
at 10 cm depth (PM obs) (°C) -5.0 -5.8 -3.6 -0.2 4.0 10.8 15.6 16.0 11.6 4.9 0.1 -3.0 3.8 D
at 20 cm depth (AM obs) (°C) -3.6 -4.7 -3.1 -0.3 2.3 8.9 14.0 15.2 11.5 5.6 1.1 -1.6 3.8 D
at 20 cm depth (PM obs) (°C) -3.7 -4.8 -3.1 -0.2 2.4 9.0 14.1 15.2 11.5 5.5 1.0 -1.7 3.8 D
at 50 cm depth (AM obs) (°C) -2.0 -3.4 -2.8 -0.8 0.3 6.0 11.8 13.8 11.2 6.2 2.0 -0.1 3.5 D
at 100 cm depth (AM obs) (°C) 0.4 -0.8 -1.1 -0.2 0.3 3.8 10.2 13.1 11.7 7.9 3.8 1.6 4.2 D
at 150 cm depth (AM obs) (°C) 1.7 0.9 0.3 0.3 0.5 2.5 7.8 11.3 11.1 8.6 5.2 2.9 4.4 D
at 300 cm depth (AM obs) (°C) 4.2 3.4 2.8 2.2 1.7 1.9 3.8 6.7 8.3 8.4 7.1 5.4 4.7 D
Evaporation
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Evaporation
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Lake Evaporation (mm) 0 0 0 0 2.7 3.1 3.2 3 1.8 0 0 0 0
Bright Sunshine
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Bright Sunshine
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Total Hours 96.9 130.2 139.1 162.4 190.0 175.0 196.6 193.9 121.9 90.4 75.8 72.5 1644.7 C
Days with measureable 21.0 21.4 21.8 22.9 25.3 24.4 26.6 27.1 24.5 22.1 18.9 18.6 274.4 C
% of possible daylight hours 38.5 47.1 37.9 38.7 38.7 34.5 38.6 42.3 31.9 27.5 29.0 30.7 36.3 C
Extreme Daily 8.5 10.5 13.8 14.3 15.7 16.4 16.1 15.0 13.2 10.4 9.2 8.2
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1999/ 30 1985/ 25 1959/ 29 1991/ 30 2000/ 29 1994/ 19 1999/ 01 1994/ 06 1996/ 02 1979/ 12 1983/ 14 1977/ 01
Humidex
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Humidex
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Extreme Humidex 10.8 9.4 15.4 20.7 31.8 40.0 41.2 40.4 37.1 24.6 19.8 10.5
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1996/ 20 1955/ 12 1979/ 24 1986/ 25 1979/ 20 2003/ 27 1983/ 05 1996/ 08 2008/ 03 1970/ 11 2008/ 16 1966/ 01
Days with Humidex >= 30 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 1.2 2.8 2.5 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 7.2 A
Days with Humidex >= 35 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.2 A
Days with Humidex >= 40 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 A
Wind Chill
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Wind Chill
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Extreme Wind Chill -54 -53 -49 -36 -26 -9 0 0 -9 -24 -36 -51
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1975/ 20 2004/ 15 1972/ 02 1984/ 09 1972/ 01 1984/ 04 1953/ 01 1953/ 01 1972/ 27 1986/ 25 1986/ 20 1984/ 26
Days with Wind Chill < -20 26.9 23.5 17.1 3.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 5.2 20.4 96.4 A
Days with Wind Chill < -30 19.1 15.5 7.7 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 10.1 53.3 A
Days with Wind Chill < -40 6.0 3.3 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.0 11.8 A
Humidity
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Humidity
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Average Vapour Pressure (kPa) 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.9 1.2 1.2 0.9 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.6 A
Average Relative Humidity - 0600LST (%) 68.5 68.1 71.2 75.4 76.3 78.1 80.6 81.7 82.9 81.4 80 74.2 76.5 A
Average Relative Humidity - 1500LST (%) 63.7 59.9 59.5 58.3 53.9 55.2 57.3 56.6 59.4 64.9 70.7 69.7 60.8 A
Pressure
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Pressure
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Average Station Pressure (kPa) 100.2 100.5 100.7 100.8 100.8 100.5 100.4 100.5 100.5 100.6 100.5 100.4 100.5 A
Average Sea Level Pressure (kPa) 100.9 101.1 101.3 101.4 101.4 101.1 101 101.1 101.1 101.2 101.1 101 101.1 A
Visibility (hours with)
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Visibility (hours with)
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
< 1 km 13.4 12.2 11.9 12.7 5.1 1.6 1.3 1.8 1.2 4.6 10.7 14.6 91 C
1 to 9 km 113.6 98.7 108.6 82.7 56.9 38.4 42 33.4 32.8 60.9 95.3 106.8 870.1 C
> 9 km 617 566.3 623.5 624.6 682 680.1 700.7 708.8 686 678.5 614 622.6 7804.1 C
Cloud Amount (hours with)
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Cloud Amount (hours with)
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
0 to 2 tenths 226.9 202.8 189.1 154.2 123.7 93.9 91 108.4 112.9 113.3 134.6 197.7 1748.4 C
3 to 7 tenths 118 116.4 121.8 117.1 145.7 154 194.1 196.3 169.7 137.1 126.4 115.2 1711.7 C
8 to 10 tenths 399.1 357.9 433.2 448.7 474.5 472.2 458.9 439.3 437.4 493.6 459 431.2 5,305 C
Frost-Free
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data (Frost-Free)
Frost-FreeCode
Average Date of Last Spring Frost June 04 LegendAA
Average Date of First Fall Frost September 24 LegendAA
Average Length of Frost-Free Period 110 Days LegendAA
Probability of last temperature in spring of 0 °C or lower on or after indicated dates 10% 25% 33% 50% 66% 75% 90%
DateJun 16Jun 11Jun 09Jun 06Jun 02May 30May 25
Probability of first temperature in fall of 0 °C or lower on or after indicated dates 10% 25% 33% 50% 66% 75% 90%
DateSep 09Sep 13Sep 17Sep 20Sep 24Sep 27Oct 05
Probability of frost-free period equal to or less than indicated period (Days) 10% 25% 33% 50% 66% 75% 90%
Days8599102109112114126
Legend
  • A = WMO "3 and 5 rule" (i.e. no more than 3 consecutive and no more than 5 total missing for either temperature or precipitation)
  • B = At least 25 years
  • C = At least 20 years
  • D = At least 15 years