Canadian Climate Normals 1981-2010 Station Data

The minimum number of years used to calculate these Normals is indicated by a code for each element. A "+" beside an extreme date indicates that this date is the first occurrence of the extreme value. Values and dates in bold indicate all-time extremes for the location.

Data used in the calculation of these Normals may be subject to further quality assurance checks. This may result in minor changes to some values presented here.

Metadata including Station Name, Province, Latitude, Longitude, Elevation, Climate ID, WMO ID, TC ID
GOOSE A *
NEWFOUNDLAND
Latitude: 53°19'00.000" N Longitude: 60°25'00.000" W Elevation: 48.80 m
Climate ID: 8501900 WMO ID: 71816 TC ID: YYR

* This station meets WMO standards for temperature and precipitation.

1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
Temperature:
Daily Average (°C)-17.6 -15.7 -9.5 -1.1 5.6 11.4 15.5 15.1 10 3.2 -4 -12.5 0 Legend AA
Standard Deviation2.9 3.9 2.9 2.2 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.4 2 3.6 1.3 Legend AA
Daily Maximum (°C)-12.7 -10.1 -3.6 3.9 11 17.1 20.9 20.4 14.9 7 -0.3 -8.2 5 Legend AA
Daily Minimum (°C)-22.5 -21.3 -15.4 -6.1 0 5.6 10 9.7 5.1 -0.6 -7.6 -16.8 -5 Legend AA
Extreme Maximum (°C)11.2 10.6 16.4 21.2 32.1 36.2 37.8 35.3 33.6 22.8 17.4 11.7   Legend
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1979/ 03 1951/ 08 1979/ 25 1986/ 25 1979/ 20 1989/ 25 1944/ 04 1996/ 08 2008/ 03 1947/ 13 2008/ 16 1950/ 05  
Extreme Minimum (°C)-38.9 -39.4 -35.6 -29.7 -15 -4.2 0.1 0 -6.7 -17 -26.1 -36.7   Legend
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1957/ 15 1973/ 17 1948/ 06 1984/ 09 1972/ 01 1984/ 04 1993/ 05 1947/ 25 1947/ 28 1982/ 30 1986/ 20 1971/ 27  
Precipitation:
Rainfall (mm)1.5 4.3 5.1 20.6 51 90 121.3 99.3 90.6 63.3 22.7 6.6 576.3 Legend AA
Snowfall (cm)78.6 63.2 71.8 48.3 19.1 1.4 0 0 0.3 19.3 55.6 70.6 428.3 Legend AA
Precipitation (mm)64.6 56.8 65.3 63.6 69.3 91.4 121.3 99.3 91 81.2 72.2 64.4 940.4 Legend AA
Average Snow Depth (cm)62 72 76 45 4 0 0 0 0 1 11 33 25 Legend AA
Median Snow Depth (cm)63 71 77 45 2 0 0 0 0 0 9 33 25 Legend AA
Snow Depth at Month-end (cm)71 75 62 17 0 0 0 0 0 3 20 48 25 Legend AA
Extreme Daily Rainfall (mm)7.2 26.2 24.4 30.2 30.2 69.6 66.8 79.2 68 44.7 36.8 26.2   Legend
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1997/ 08 1968/ 05 1953/ 31 1976/ 04 2008/ 22 1963/ 30 1981/ 15 1953/ 16 1999/ 23 1968/ 26 1950/ 28 1981/ 07  
Extreme Daily Snowfall (cm)71 39.6 40.8 36.3 33.8 24.1 0.4 0 19 27.7 40.6 35.6   Legend
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1985/ 16 1953/ 10 1982/ 08 1981/ 10 1957/ 16 1980/ 28 1991/ 01 1942/ 01 1977/ 19 1958/ 11 1944/ 12 1968/ 16  
Extreme Daily Precipitation (mm)64.5 39.6 52.3 42.9 33.8 80.1 66.8 79.2 68 45.7 41.2 32.5   Legend
Date
(yyyy/dd)
2006/ 15 1953/ 10 1975/ 21 1958/ 25 1957/ 16 1980/ 28 1981/ 15 1953/ 16 1999/ 23 1966/ 20 2001/ 07 1968/ 16  
Extreme Snow Depth (cm)183 202 206 192 122 9 0 0 9 58 80 130   Legend
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1956/ 17 1980/ 18 1978/ 30 1978/ 01 1972/ 01 1980/ 28 1955/ 01 1955/ 01 1977/ 20 1962/ 30 1983/ 28 1979/ 31  
Days with Maximum Temperature:
<= 0 °C29 25.3 21.2 6.9 0.23 0 0 0 0 1.4 15.5 26.7 126.2 Legend AA
> 0 °C2 2.9 9.8 23.1 30.8 30 31 31 30 29.6 14.5 4.3 239.1 Legend AA
> 10 °C0.10 0.03 0.27 3.8 16.5 26 30.4 30.5 25.2 6.9 1.1 0 140.7 Legend AA
> 20 °C0 0 0 0.07 2.6 9.5 18.1 16.6 4.3 0.07 0 0 51.2 Legend AA
> 30 °C0 0 0 0 0.10 0.87 1.2 1.3 0.17 0 0 0 3.7 Legend AA
> 35 °C0 0 0 0 0 0.13 0.03 0.03 0 0 0 0 0.19 Legend AA
Days with Minimum Temperature:
> 0 °C0.13 0.23 0.50 4.5 15.9 28.2 31 31 27.8 14.3 2.6 0.63 156.9 Legend AA
<= 2 °C31 28.2 31 28.6 23.2 6.1 0.20 0.13 5.9 23.7 29.2 31 238.1 Legend AA
<= 0 °C30.9 28 30.5 25.5 15.1 1.8 0 0 2.2 16.7 27.4 30.4 208.4 Legend AA
< -2 °C30.7 27.5 29.3 21.3 7.7 0.10 0 0 0.47 9.9 23.9 29.3 180.1 Legend AA
< -10 °C28.8 25.3 22.3 7.5 0.13 0 0 0 0 0.53 10.5 24 119.2 Legend AA
< -20 °C21.2 18 10.6 0.67 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.53 11.5 62.5 Legend AA
< - 30 °C3.8 2.6 0.43 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.90 7.7 Legend AA
Days with Rainfall:
>= 0.2 mm1.4 1.8 2.3 5.8 12.5 17.1 19 17.6 17.1 13.5 6 2.5 116.6 Legend AA
>= 5 mm0.03 0.30 0.37 1.6 3.6 5.9 7.7 5.9 5.2 4.3 1.4 0.47 36.6 Legend AA
>= 10 mm0 0.07 0.07 0.43 1.3 2.7 4.2 3.5 2.8 2 0.63 0.13 17.9 Legend AA
>= 25 mm0 0 0 0.03 0.10 0.23 0.73 0.60 0.57 0.23 0.07 0.03 2.6 Legend AA
Days With Snowfall:
>= 0.2 cm16.1 12.6 13.2 9.8 4.9 1 0.03 0 0.33 5.3 11.1 15.2 89.7 Legend AA
>= 5 cm5 4.2 4.8 3.1 1.3 0.07 0 0 0 1.2 3.7 4.8 28.2 Legend AA
>= 10 cm2.4 2 2.4 1.6 0.47 0 0 0 0 0.53 1.8 2.2 13.3 Legend AA
>= 25 cm0.43 0.30 0.27 0.10 0.07 0 0 0 0 0.03 0.23 0.27 1.7 Legend AA
Days with Precipitation:
>= 0.2 mm15.9 12.7 14 13 14.9 17.2 19 17.6 17.1 16.3 14.4 15.6 187.8 Legend AA
>= 5 mm4.1 3.9 4.2 4.6 4.9 5.9 7.7 5.9 5.2 5.4 4.7 4.4 60.9 Legend AA
>= 10 mm1.8 1.9 2.1 2 1.9 2.9 4.2 3.5 2.8 2.6 2.2 1.9 29.8 Legend AA
>= 25 mm0.33 0.20 0.23 0.17 0.23 0.23 0.73 0.60 0.57 0.30 0.37 0.17 4.1 Legend AA
Days with Snow Depth:
>= 1 cm31 28.2 31 28 9.7 0.10 0 0 0.03 4.1 20.4 29.9 182.5 Legend AA
>= 5 cm30.7 27.9 31 26.5 5.8 0 0 0 0 1.9 16.4 27.5 167.7 Legend AA
>= 10 cm29.8 27.9 31 24.5 4.2 0 0 0 0 0.66 13.2 25 156.2 Legend AA
>= 20 cm27.9 27.1 30.1 22.3 2 0 0 0 0 0.17 7.2 19.2 135.9 Legend AA
Wind:
Speed (km/h)16.3 15.6 15.4 15 14.3 14.5 13.3 13.4 14.5 15.1 16 16.5 15 Legend AA
Most Frequent DirectionW W W NE NE NE NE W W W W W W Legend AA
Maximum Hourly Speed (km/h)84 77 77 65 77 58 64 69 87 80 81 81   Legend
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1962/ 16 1974/ 01 1954/ 29 1995/ 06 1953/ 11 1953/ 10 1969/ 07 1994/ 15 2007/ 20 2003/ 28 1993/ 29 1977/ 11  
Direction of Maximum Hourly SpeedSW SW W N W NE W SW SW SW SW NW SW Legend
Maximum Gust Speed (km/h)143 129 106 98 103 122 101 101 122 111 133 111   Legend
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1985/ 28 1955/ 12 1972/ 26 1957/ 04 1959/ 28 1988/ 12 1963/ 14 1969/ 20 1959/ 08 1984/ 31 1984/ 03 1977/ 11  
Direction of Maximum GustN S NE W W W W SE W W W NW N Legend
Days with Winds >= 52 km/h2.2 1.1 1.3 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.9 1.3 1.7 1.9 13.1 Legend AA
Days with Winds >= 63 km/h0.7 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.3 3.1 Legend AA
Degree Days:
Above 24 °C0 0 0 0 0 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.1 0 0 0 2 Legend AA
Above 18 °C0 0 0 0 0.2 7.4 20.1 16.9 3.2 0 0 0 47.8 Legend AA
Above 15 °C0 0 0 0 1.9 20.6 58.8 49.6 8.7 0 0 0 139.6 Legend AA
Above 10 °C0 0 0 0.2 12.1 78 174.7 161.1 46.6 1.5 0.2 0 474.3 Legend AA
Above 5 °C0.1 0 0.3 7.8 57.3 194 325.2 312.1 154.2 22.7 2.6 0 1076.3 Legend AA
Above 0 °C0.6 1.3 5.1 46.2 175.7 340.8 480.1 467.1 300.7 112.3 19.8 3 1952.8 Legend AA
Below 0 °C545.7 445.4 300.6 79.8 3.6 0 0 0 0 13 138.5 390.6 1917.1 Legend AA
Below 5 °C700.1 585.2 450.8 191.4 40.2 3.3 0.1 0 3.5 78.3 271.2 542.6 2866.8 Legend AA
Below 10 °C855.1 726.4 605.5 333.8 150 37.2 4.5 4 45.9 212.2 418.8 697.6 4091 Legend AA
Below 15 °C1010.1 867.6 760.5 483.6 294.8 129.9 43.6 47.5 158 365.7 568.6 852.6 5582.4 Legend AA
Below 18 °C1103.1 952.3 853.5 573.6 386.1 206.7 98 107.8 242.5 458.7 658.6 945.6 6586.3 Legend AA
Soil Temperature:
at 5 cm depth (AM obs) (°C)-5.2 -6 -3.6 -0.2 2.7 9.2 13.8 14.3 10.1 4 -0.4 -3.4 3 Legend DD
at 5 cm depth (PM obs) (°C)-5.2 -6 -3.6 0 5.1 12.3 16.8 16.9 12 4.9 -0.2 -3.3 4.1 Legend DD
at 10 cm depth (AM obs) (°C)-4.9 -5.7 -3.6 -0.3 2.7 9.2 14 14.7 10.7 4.6 0.1 -3.1 3.2 Legend DD
at 10 cm depth (PM obs) (°C)-5 -5.8 -3.6 -0.2 4 10.8 15.6 16 11.6 4.9 0.1 -3 3.8 Legend DD
at 20 cm depth (AM obs) (°C)-3.6 -4.7 -3.1 -0.3 2.3 8.9 14 15.2 11.5 5.6 1.1 -1.6 3.8 Legend DD
at 20 cm depth (PM obs) (°C)-3.7 -4.8 -3.1 -0.2 2.4 9 14.1 15.2 11.5 5.5 1 -1.7 3.8 Legend DD
at 50 cm depth (AM obs) (°C)-2 -3.4 -2.8 -0.8 0.3 6 11.8 13.8 11.2 6.2 2 -0.1 3.5 Legend DD
at 100 cm depth (AM obs) (°C)0.4 -0.8 -1.1 -0.2 0.3 3.8 10.2 13.1 11.7 7.9 3.8 1.6 4.2 Legend DD
at 150 cm depth (AM obs) (°C)1.7 0.9 0.3 0.3 0.5 2.5 7.8 11.3 11.1 8.6 5.2 2.9 4.4 Legend DD
at 300 cm depth (AM obs) (°C)4.2 3.4 2.8 2.2 1.7 1.9 3.8 6.7 8.3 8.4 7.1 5.4 4.7 Legend DD
Evaporation:
Lake Evaporation (mm)0 0 0 0 2.7 3.1 3.2 3 1.8 0 0 0 0 Legend
Bright Sunshine:
Total Hours96.9 130.2 139.1 162.4 190 175 196.6 193.9 121.9 90.4 75.8 72.5 1644.7 Legend CC
Days with measureable21 21.4 21.8 22.9 25.3 24.4 26.6 27.1 24.5 22.1 18.9 18.6 274.4 Legend CC
% of possible daylight hours38.5 47.1 37.9 38.7 38.7 34.5 38.6 42.3 31.9 27.5 29 30.7 36.3 Legend CC
Extreme Daily8.5 10.5 13.8 14.3 15.7 16.4 16.1 15 13.2 10.4 9.2 8.2   Legend
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1999/ 30 1985/ 25 1959/ 29 1991/ 30 2000/ 29 1994/ 19 1999/ 01 1994/ 06 1996/ 02 1979/ 12 1983/ 14 1977/ 01  
Humidex:
Extreme Humidex10.8 9.4 15.4 20.7 31.8 40 41.2 40.4 37.1 24.6 19.8 10.5   Legend
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1996/ 20 1955/ 12 1979/ 24 1986/ 25 1979/ 20 2003/ 27 1983/ 05 1996/ 08 2008/ 03 1970/ 11 2008/ 16 1966/ 01  
Days with Humidex >= 300 0 0 0 0.1 1.2 2.8 2.5 0.6 0 0 0 7.2 Legend AA
Days with Humidex >= 350 0 0 0 0 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.1 0 0 0 1.2 Legend AA
Days with Humidex >= 400 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 Legend AA
Wind Chill:
Extreme Wind Chill-54.5 -52.6 -49 -36.5 -26.2 -8.9 0 0 -8.8 -24.4 -36 -50.8   Legend
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1975/ 20 2004/ 15 1972/ 02 1984/ 09 1972/ 01 1984/ 04 1953/ 01 1953/ 01 1972/ 27 1986/ 25 1986/ 20 1984/ 26  
Days with Wind Chill < -2026.9 23.5 17.1 3.2 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 5.2 20.4 96.4 Legend AA
Days with Wind Chill < -3019.1 15.5 7.7 0.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.5 10.1 53.3 Legend AA
Days with Wind Chill < -406 3.3 0.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 11.8 Legend AA
Humidity:
Average Vapour Pressure (kPa)0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.9 1.2 1.2 0.9 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.6 Legend AA
Average Relative Humidity - 0600LST (%)68.5 68.1 71.2 75.4 76.3 78.1 80.6 81.7 82.9 81.4 80 74.2 76.5 Legend AA
Average Relative Humidity - 1500LST (%)63.7 59.9 59.5 58.3 53.9 55.2 57.3 56.6 59.4 64.9 70.7 69.7 60.8 Legend AA
Pressure:
Average Station Pressure (kPa)100.2 100.5 100.7 100.8 100.8 100.5 100.4 100.5 100.5 100.6 100.5 100.4 100.5 Legend AA
Average Sea Level Pressure (kPa)100.9 101.1 101.3 101.4 101.4 101.1 101 101.1 101.1 101.2 101.1 101 101.1 Legend AA
Visibility (hours with):
< 1 km13.4 12.2 11.9 12.7 5.1 1.6 1.3 1.8 1.2 4.6 10.7 14.6 91 Legend CC
1 to 9 km113.6 98.7 108.6 82.7 56.9 38.4 42 33.4 32.8 60.9 95.3 106.8 870.1 Legend CC
> 9 km617 566.3 623.5 624.6 682 680.1 700.7 708.8 686 678.5 614 622.6 7804.1 Legend CC
Cloud Amount (hours with):
0 to 2 tenths226.9 202.8 189.1 154.2 123.7 93.9 91 108.4 112.9 113.3 134.6 197.7 1748.4 Legend CC
3 to 7 tenths118 116.4 121.8 117.1 145.7 154 194.1 196.3 169.7 137.1 126.4 115.2 1711.7 Legend CC
8 to 10 tenths399.1 357.9 433.2 448.7 474.5 472.2 458.9 439.3 437.4 493.6 459 431.2 5305 Legend CC
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data (Frost-Free)
Frost-Free:Code
Average Date of Last Spring Frost June 04 LegendAA
Average Date of First Fall Frost September 24 LegendAA
Average Length of Frost-Free Period 110 Days LegendAA
Probability of last temperature in spring of 0 °C or lower on or after indicated dates 10% 25% 33% 50% 66% 75% 90%
DateJun 16Jun 11Jun 09Jun 06Jun 02May 30May 25
Probability of first temperature in fall of 0 °C or lower on or after indicated dates 10% 25% 33% 50% 66% 75% 90%
DateSep 09Sep 13Sep 17Sep 20Sep 24Sep 27Oct 05
Probability of frost-free period equal to or less than indicated period (Days) 10% 25% 33% 50% 66% 75% 90%
Days8599102109112114126
Legend
  • A = WMO "3 and 5 rule" (i.e. no more than 3 consecutive and no more than 5 total missing for either temperature or precipitation)
  • B = At least 25 years
  • C = At least 20 years
  • D = At least 15 years