Canadian Climate Normals 1981-2010 Station Data

The minimum number of years used to calculate these Normals is indicated by a code for each element. A "+" beside an extreme date indicates that this date is the first occurrence of the extreme value. Values and dates in bold indicate all-time extremes for the location.

Data used in the calculation of these Normals may be subject to further quality assurance checks. This may result in minor changes to some values presented here.

Metadata including Station Name, Province, Latitude, Longitude, Elevation, Climate ID, WMO ID, TC ID
ST JOHN'S A *
NEWFOUNDLAND
Latitude: 47°37'20.000" N Longitude: 52°44'34.000" W Elevation: 140.50 m
Climate ID: 8403506 WMO ID: 71801 TC ID: YYT

* This station meets WMO standards for temperature and precipitation.

Temperature
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Temperature
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Daily Average (°C) -4.5 -4.9 -2.6 1.9 6.4 10.9 15.8 16.1 12.4 7.4 3.0 -1.5 5.0 A
Standard Deviation 1.6 2.1 1.7 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.6 1.2 1.1 1.4 1.3 1.8 0.8 A
Daily Maximum (°C) -0.8 -1.1 1.0 5.6 11.1 15.8 20.7 20.5 16.5 10.8 6.4 1.8 9.0 A
Daily Minimum (°C) -8.2 -8.6 -6.1 -1.9 1.7 5.9 10.9 11.6 8.2 3.9 -0.3 -4.7 1.0 A
Extreme Maximum (°C) 15.7 16.0 18.3 24.1 25.6 29.4 31.5 31.0 29.5 24.6 19.4 17.3
Date
(yyyy/dd)
2006/ 15 1996/ 24 1962/ 31 1986/ 24 1972/ 30 1944/ 29 1983/ 06 1996/ 07 2001/ 10 1987/ 04 1950/ 06 2008/ 13
Extreme Minimum (°C) -23.3 -23.8 -23.8 -14.8 -6.7 -3.3 -1.1 0.5 -1.1 -5.6 -13.4 -19.7
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1957/ 29 1990/ 18 1986/ 10 1978/ 04 1964/ 05 1970/ 01 1976/ 05 1983/ 24 1950/ 23 1946/ 31 1993/ 25 1984/ 27
Precipitation
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Precipitation
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Rainfall (mm) 66.0 61.6 84.8 96.1 97.9 97.5 91.6 100.0 129.6 153.7 124.8 102.9 1206.4 A
Snowfall (cm) 89 71 57 25 4 0 0 0 0 2 22 63 335 A
Precipitation (mm) 149.2 129.5 142.2 122.9 102.6 97.6 91.6 100.0 129.6 156.2 148.1 164.8 1534.2 A
Average Snow Depth (cm) 18 32 22 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 7 7 A
Median Snow Depth (cm) 15 32 19 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 6 A
Snow Depth at Month-end (cm) 31 30 15 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 12 8 A
Extreme Daily Rainfall (mm) 84.6 67.1 71.4 91.7 81.3 75.2 121.2 80.5 99.4 100.8 97.2 85.1
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1942/ 30 1973/ 22 2010/ 05 1951/ 11 1998/ 17 1945/ 24 1946/ 27 1975/ 23 2001/ 19 1942/ 04 2008/ 29 1953/ 26
Extreme Daily Snowfall (cm) 60 55 50 68 25 14 0 0 0 20 25 49
Date
(yyyy/dd)
2005/ 22 1959/ 15 2005/ 04 1999/ 05 1956/ 05 1959/ 10 1942/ 01 1942/ 01 1965/ 30 1965/ 29 1980/ 19 1954/ 29
Extreme Daily Precipitation (mm) 84.6 68.3 72.0 91.7 83.1 75.2 121.2 80.5 99.4 100.8 97.2 85.1
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1942/ 30 1973/ 22 2000/ 18 1951/ 11 1998/ 17 1945/ 24 1946/ 27 1975/ 23 2001/ 19 1942/ 04 2008/ 29 1953/ 26
Extreme Snow Depth (cm) 144 180 133 105 30 3 0 0 0 9 36 64
Date
(yyyy/dd)
2001/ 31 2001/ 09 1987/ 14 2001/ 13 2001/ 02 1968/ 10 1955/ 01 1955/ 01 1955/ 01 1991/ 29 1972/ 25 1955/ 27
Days with Maximum Temperature
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Maximum Temperature
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
<= 0 °C 19.1 17.0 13.3 3.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.4 11.1 65.9 A
> 0 °C 11.9 11.3 17.7 26.9 30.9 30.0 31.0 31.0 30.0 31.0 27.6 19.9 299.3 A
> 10 °C 0.9 0.6 1.3 5.3 17.2 25.1 30.6 30.9 28.3 15.8 7.1 1.9 165.2 A
> 20 °C 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 1.9 7.4 19.1 17.6 6.0 0.5 0.0 0.0 52.6 A
> 30 °C 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 A
> 35 °C 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 A
Days with Minimum Temperature
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Minimum Temperature
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
> 0 °C 1.0 1.0 1.6 7.1 22.0 29.1 31.0 31.0 29.9 26.6 13.5 4.8 198.7 A
<= 2 °C 30.7 27.8 30.6 27.9 19.0 4.2 0.1 0.1 0.9 9.4 22.9 29.0 202.6 A
<= 0 °C 30.0 27.2 29.4 22.9 9.0 0.9 0.0 0.0 0.1 4.4 16.5 26.2 166.6 A
< -2 °C 28.1 24.9 24.5 13.0 2.6 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.5 9.8 21.1 125.7 A
< -10 °C 11.3 11.8 6.8 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 4.6 34.9 A
< -20 °C 0.0 0.5 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.6 A
< - 30 °C 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 A
Days with Rainfall
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Rainfall
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
>= 0.2 mm 9.3 8.6 11 13.9 15.9 14.7 13.6 13.7 15.5 18.1 15.7 12.7 162.6 A
>= 5 mm 4.3 3.6 4.6 5.6 5.8 5.3 5.5 5.4 6.5 7.1 6.5 5.9 66 A
>= 10 mm 2.4 2.2 3 2.9 3.2 3.2 3 3.2 4 4.6 3.8 3.6 39.1 A
>= 25 mm 0.43 0.50 0.87 0.73 0.77 0.77 0.80 1.1 1.4 1.8 1.2 1.1 11.4 A
Days With Snowfall
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days With Snowfall
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
>= 0.2 cm 18.3 14.6 13.3 7 2.1 0.07 0 0 0 1.4 7.6 14.6 78.9 A
>= 5 cm 5.9 4.8 3.7 1.5 0.37 0 0 0 0 0.13 1.3 4.1 21.8 A
>= 10 cm 2.6 1.8 1.6 0.67 0.07 0 0 0 0 0.07 0.57 2 9.3 A
>= 25 cm 0.30 0.30 0.27 0.07 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.20 1.1 A
Days with Precipitation
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Precipitation
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
>= 0.2 mm 21.8 18.5 19.6 17.3 16.6 14.7 13.6 13.7 15.5 18.6 19.7 22.0 211.7 A
>= 5 mm 9.1 7.7 8.2 7.2 6.0 5.3 5.5 5.4 6.5 7.2 7.9 9.5 85.5 A
>= 10 mm 5.3 4.5 4.7 3.7 3.4 3.2 3.0 3.2 4.0 4.7 4.7 5.8 50.3 A
>= 25 mm 0.8 1.0 1.2 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 1.1 1.4 1.8 1.3 1.5 13.5 A
Days with Snow Depth
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Snow Depth
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
>= 1 cm 27 24.5 25.9 11.7 1 0 0 0 0 0.23 5 18.6 113.9 A
>= 5 cm 21.4 21.9 20.8 6.4 0.40 0 0 0 0 0.10 2 12.7 85.8 A
>= 10 cm 17.3 19.1 16.3 4.8 0.23 0 0 0 0 0 0.80 8.9 67.4 A
>= 20 cm 10.4 13.2 11 2.5 0.17 0 0 0 0 0 0.03 3.9 41.2 A
Wind
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Wind
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Speed (km/h) 26.0 25.0 24.2 21.3 19.7 19.6 19.2 18.3 19.5 21.5 22.9 25.2 21.9 A
Most Frequent Direction W W W W W W W W W W W W W A
Maximum Hourly Speed (km/h) 120 137 121 93 101 74 67 84 97 103 105 97
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1977/ 20 1959/ 16 1956/ 15 1960/ 10 1975/ 02 1976/ 13 1979/ 06 1953/ 06 1955/ 21 1955/ 24 1955/ 27 1954/ 10
Direction of Maximum Hourly Speed SW N NW SW N NW SW W S W SW W
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1977/ 20 1959/ 16 1956/ 15 1960/ 10 1975/ 02 1976/ 13 1979/ 06 1953/ 06 1955/ 21 1955/ 24 1955/ 27 1954/ 10
Maximum Gust Speed (km/h) 167 193 193 159 146 108 107 113 153 153 161 153
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1977/ 20 1964/ 09 1956/ 15 1960/ 10 1975/ 01 1959/ 11 1977/ 23 1955/ 22 1955/ 21 1955/ 15 1955/ 27 1963/ 20
Direction of Maximum Gust SW SW NW SW N NE SE SW S NW SW S
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1977/ 20 1964/ 09 1956/ 15 1960/ 10 1975/ 01 1959/ 11 1977/ 23 1955/ 22 1955/ 21 1955/ 15 1955/ 27 1963/ 20
Days with Winds >= 52 km/h 9.1 6.6 5.4 3.1 1.3 1.2 0.8 0.7 2.2 3.2 5.0 8.1 46.6 A
Days with Winds >= 63 km/h 4.2 2.7 2.4 0.8 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.6 0.9 1.1 2.8 16.1 A
Degree Days
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Degree Days
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Above 24 °C 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 A
Above 18 °C 0 0 0 0 0 1.9 17.5 16 2.6 0.1 0 0 38.1 A
Above 15 °C 0 0 0 0.1 1 11.9 60 59.9 14 1.2 0 0 148.1 A
Above 10 °C 0 0.2 0 1.6 14.6 64.4 183.6 189.1 84.8 17.6 3.1 0 559 A
Above 5 °C 1.4 1.1 1.8 12.3 72.2 178.4 335.9 342.7 220.7 89.9 26.6 3.9 1286.9 A
Above 0 °C 12.1 11.8 20.6 74.3 200.2 325.9 490.9 497.7 370.6 229.2 105.3 34.3 2,373 A
Below 0 °C 151.8 149.6 100.9 18.6 0.8 0 0 0 0 0.2 14.2 79.6 515.6 A
Below 5 °C 296.2 280 237.1 106.6 27.7 2.5 0 0 0.1 15.9 85.5 204.2 1255.7 A
Below 10 °C 449.7 420.2 390.3 246 125.1 38.5 2.7 1.4 14.2 98.6 212 355.3 2,354 A
Below 15 °C 604.7 561.2 545.3 394.5 266.5 136 34.2 27.2 93.4 237.2 358.9 510.3 3769.3 A
Below 18 °C 697.7 645.9 638.3 484.4 358.5 216 84.6 76.3 172 329.1 448.9 603.3 4754.9 A
Bright Sunshine
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Bright Sunshine
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Extreme Daily 8.7 10.2 11.2 13.6 15.0 15.5 14.9 14.2 12.9 10.3 10.1 8.5
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1994/ 31 2000/ 26 2001/ 30 1968/ 26 1971/ 30 1971/ 17 1969/ 08 1972/ 06 1999/ 02 1999/ 03 1999/ 02 2001/ 11
Humidex
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Humidex
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Extreme Humidex 19.2 17.3 17.2 26.1 29.5 34.8 38.5 37.7 35.8 29.8 23.7 20.7
Date
(yyyy/dd)
2006/ 15 1996/ 24 1968/ 24 1986/ 23 1988/ 26 1957/ 30 1983/ 06 1984/ 18 2001/ 10 1961/ 05 1967/ 04 2008/ 02
Days with Humidex >= 30 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.7 4.2 3.2 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 8.8 A
Days with Humidex >= 35 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.7 A
Days with Humidex >= 40 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 A
Wind Chill
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Wind Chill
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Extreme Wind Chill -36 -40 -40 -21 -14 -8 -3 0 -4 -12 -25 -34
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1957/ 29 1990/ 03 1986/ 10 1994/ 03 1993/ 11 1959/ 11 1976/ 06 1953/ 01 1986/ 30 1954/ 26 1993/ 25 1984/ 27
Days with Wind Chill < -20 7.6 8.1 3.5 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 2.7 22.2 A
Days with Wind Chill < -30 0.4 0.8 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 1.6 A
Days with Wind Chill < -40 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 A
Humidity
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Humidity
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Average Vapour Pressure (kPa) 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.8 1.1 1.4 1.5 1.2 0.9 0.7 0.5 0.8 A
Average Relative Humidity - 0600LST (%) 84.6 84 85.5 87.3 86.3 87 87.4 88.9 90 88.7 86 85.9 86.8 A
Average Relative Humidity - 1500LST (%) 80.4 77.9 76.2 75.6 71.5 71.1 69.7 71.2 73.5 76.7 79.8 82.3 75.5 A
Pressure
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Pressure
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Average Station Pressure (kPa) 99.1 99.2 99.4 99.6 99.8 99.7 99.8 99.8 99.8 99.7 99.6 99.2 99.6 A
Average Sea Level Pressure (kPa) 100.9 101 101.1 101.4 101.5 101.4 101.5 101.5 101.5 101.5 101.3 100.9 101.3 A
Visibility (hours with)
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Visibility (hours with)
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
< 1 km 49.2 56.8 82.7 112 116.6 83.5 64 45.5 35.2 43.3 52.7 61.1 802.5 C
1 to 9 km 163.6 148.2 156.5 131.5 128.1 116.5 111.5 112.8 102 114 127 149.9 1561.7 C
> 9 km 531.2 473 504.9 476.4 499.4 519.9 568.5 585.7 582.8 586.7 540.4 533 6401.9 C
Cloud Amount (hours with)
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Cloud Amount (hours with)
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
0 to 2 tenths 81.1 89.9 111.8 101.5 107.3 97.8 101.7 126.2 135.9 104.7 68.4 64.1 1190.4 C
3 to 7 tenths 133.1 115.7 110.3 98.7 110 118 160.4 159.8 140.1 134.7 124.2 124.4 1529.3 C
8 to 10 tenths 529.8 472.4 521.9 519.7 526.8 504.3 481.9 458 444 504.6 527.4 555.4 6046.3 C
Frost-Free
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data (Frost-Free)
Frost-FreeCode
Average Date of Last Spring Frost May 30 LegendAA
Average Date of First Fall Frost October 17 LegendAA
Average Length of Frost-Free Period 139 Days LegendAA
Probability of last temperature in spring of 0 °C or lower on or after indicated dates 10% 25% 33% 50% 66% 75% 90%
DateJun 16Jun 09Jun 06Jun 01May 26May 23May 18
Probability of first temperature in fall of 0 °C or lower on or after indicated dates 10% 25% 33% 50% 66% 75% 90%
DateSep 28Oct 07Oct 09Oct 15Oct 18Oct 21Oct 26
Probability of frost-free period equal to or less than indicated period (Days) 10% 25% 33% 50% 66% 75% 90%
Days112123126137142146151
Legend
  • A = WMO "3 and 5 rule" (i.e. no more than 3 consecutive and no more than 5 total missing for either temperature or precipitation)
  • B = At least 25 years
  • C = At least 20 years
  • D = At least 15 years