Canadian Climate Normals 1981-2010 Station Data

Temperature and Precipitation Graph
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Normals Data

The minimum number of years used to calculate these Normals is indicated by a code for each element. A "+" beside an extreme date indicates that this date is the first occurrence of the extreme value. Values and dates in bold indicate all-time extremes for the location.

Data used in the calculation of these Normals may be subject to further quality assurance checks. This may result in minor changes to some values presented here.

SYDNEY A *
NOVA SCOTIA

* This station meets WMO standards for temperature and precipitation.

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Normals Station Data
(all elements)
Temperature
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Temperature
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
Daily Average (°C)-5.4-5.9-2.62.57.913.217.918.014.08.53.8-1.55.9A
Standard Deviation2.02.21.91.31.41.31.41.11.31.31.11.81.0A
Daily Maximum (°C)-1.1-1.51.56.613.118.623.122.918.812.67.32.110.3A
Daily Minimum (°C)-9.6-10.3-6.7-1.62.77.712.613.19.14.30.2-5.01.4A
Extreme Maximum (°C)16.918.017.827.231.134.433.935.532.325.022.216.7
Date (yyyy/dd)1995/ 162000/ 281945/ 291942/ 251960/ 311944/ 291975/ 192001/ 102001/ 101950/ 031961/ 051951/ 06
Extreme Minimum (°C)-26.2-27.3-25.6-14.6-7.8-3.92.22.8-1.7-5.6-12.0-22.2
Date (yyyy/dd)1994/ 261994/ 082001/ 021995/ 051972/ 021956/ 091961/ 151965/ 311971/ 291944/ 311999/ 191993/ 29
Precipitation
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Precipitation
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
Rainfall (mm)80.563.883.2112.2100.996.988.5100.2118.7142.2144.0111.21242.4A
Snowfall (cm)74.365.348.121.42.30.00.00.00.00.612.458.5283.0A
Precipitation (mm)152.5128.1130.0133.3103.296.988.5100.2118.7142.9156.0167.01517.2A
Average Snow Depth (cm)1319132000000054A
Median Snow Depth (cm)1118111000000034A
Snow Depth at Month-end (cm)1721500000001145A
Extreme Daily Rainfall (mm)66.262.273.073.493.584.068.2128.890.996.297.394.0
Date (yyyy/dd)2008/ 281996/ 171992/ 081982/ 291967/ 261998/ 171998/ 091981/ 171947/ 301992/ 191944/ 051979/ 26
Extreme Daily Snowfall (cm)44.545.243.229.224.91.00.00.00.015.727.458.7
Date (yyyy/dd)1965/ 251959/ 151993/ 181965/ 031972/ 101975/ 091941/ 011941/ 011941/ 011972/ 191989/ 231964/ 21
Extreme Daily Precipitation (mm)75.262.273.073.493.584.068.2128.890.996.497.395.0
Date (yyyy/dd)2008/ 281996/ 171992/ 081982/ 291967/ 261998/ 171998/ 091981/ 171947/ 301992/ 191944/ 051979/ 26
Extreme Snow Depth (cm)921231147623000083178
Date (yyyy/dd)1988/ 101992/ 091967/ 261967/ 011972/ 111955/ 011955/ 011955/ 011955/ 011965/ 301989/ 241993/ 31
Days with Maximum Temperature
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Maximum Temperature
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
<= 0 °C18.217.211.31.60000001.210.560A
> 0 °C12.81119.728.431303131303128.820.5305.2A
> 10 °C1.10.311.36.820.628.6313129.821.88.22.1182.5A
> 20 °C0000.233.711.624.223.410.31.50.04074.9A
> 30 °C000000.1011.10.140002.3A
> 35 °C00000000.0300000.03A
Days with Minimum Temperature
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Minimum Temperature
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
> 0 °C1.10.621.58.924.729.7313129.927.213.94.8204.4A
<= 2 °C30.72830.627.113.51.3000.599.220.528.8190.3A
<= 0 °C29.927.629.521.16.30.27000.103.816.126.2160.8A
< -2 °C27.625.424.511.71.500000.978.821.9122.3A
< -10 °C14.914.67.80.230000000.155.643.2A
< -20 °C0.901.60.24000000000.042.7A
< - 30 °C0000000000000A
Days with Rainfall
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Rainfall
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
>= 0.2 mm8.47.39.51314.11411.712.713.515.815.411.5146.9A
>= 5 mm43.34.65.75.75.35.44.75.76.87.35.263.7A
>= 10 mm2.92.22.93.83.9332.93.64.74.8441.7A
>= 25 mm0.930.550.761.20.790.930.731.11.31.81.51.212.8A
Days With Snowfall
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days With Snowfall
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
>= 0.2 cm16.612.6115.60.8300000.625.414.266.8A
>= 5 cm4.93.63.21.30.14000000.703.917.7A
>= 10 cm2.32.11.40.670.10000000.151.68.3A
>= 25 cm0.240.380.1400000000.040.251.1A
Days with Precipitation
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Precipitation
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
>= 0.2 mm20.616.516.615.814.51411.712.713.515.918.121191A
>= 5 mm8.46.77.36.95.85.35.44.75.76.97.88.779.7A
>= 10 mm5.54.54.84.63.9332.93.64.755.851.3A
>= 25 mm1.41.21.11.40.860.930.731.11.31.81.61.615.1A
Days with Snow Depth
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Snow Depth
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
>= 1 cm24.924237.10.2100000.032.41495.6A
>= 5 cm19.818.316.93.50.03000000.748.968.2A
>= 10 cm15.114.911.820000000.266.250.4A
>= 20 cm7.49.37.50.470000000.222.627.5A
Wind
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Wind
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
Speed (km/h)19.819.719.618.716.815.614.714.215.417.018.219.817.5A
Most Frequent DirectionWWWNSWSWSWSWSWSWWWSWA
Maximum Hourly Speed (km/h)898997808076726189978597
Date (yyyy/dd)1954/ 041953/ 091955/ 271956/ 241954/ 171973/ 171955/ 231957/ 281958/ 291956/ 071956/ 221956/ 30
Direction of Maximum Hourly SpeedESESSENSWNWSESS
Maximum Gust Speed (km/h)1211241291151091148789129138129161
Date (yyyy/dd)1960/ 031976/ 031959/ 131986/ 101961/ 231973/ 171975/ 281963/ 141958/ 291974/ 201959/ 251964/ 01
Direction of Maximum GustSSWSESEENSSNWSSS
Days with Winds >= 52 km/h2.91.81.71.00.30.20.00.10.30.71.93.314.3C
Days with Winds >= 63 km/h1.30.20.50.10.00.00.00.00.10.20.50.83.9C
Degree Days
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Degree Days
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
Above 24 °C0000000.60.60.10001.2A
Above 18 °C00000.16.939.238.37.20.20091.9A
Above 15 °C00002.325.399.9101.628.32.20.20259.9A
Above 10 °C0.100.11.424.9106.8245.4248.9124.325.940781.7A
Above 5 °C1.20.51.815.4101.7245.7400.3403.9268.6114.934.451593.4A
Above 0 °C12.68.922.687.4245395.7555.3558.9418.6262.512337.32727.7A
Below 0 °C179.6175.3103.811.80.1000008.983.5562.8A
Below 5 °C323.1308237.989.811.80.10007.470.3206.21254.5A
Below 10 °C477448.5391.2225.89011.10.105.773.3189.9356.22268.8A
Below 15 °C632589.5546.1374.4222.479.79.67.659.7204.7336.1511.23573.1A
Below 18 °C725674.1639.1464.4313.2151.341.937.4128.6295.7425.9604.24500.7A
Bright Sunshine
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Bright Sunshine
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
Total Hours91.0111.6132.9141.0198.0224.6246.9228.4167.1130.177.068.21816.7D
Days with measurable21.420.622.621.124.526.728.428.326.526.121.518.9286.5D
% of possible daylight hours32.438.336.134.742.747.751.852.044.338.327.125.339.2D
Extreme Daily9.010.511.213.715.015.415.314.512.811.19.38.3
Date (yyyy/dd)1961/ 291964/ 281973/ 251961/ 291960/ 291957/ 181958/ 061961/ 011990/ 011994/ 071977/ 021964/ 15
Humidex
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Humidex
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
Extreme Humidex18.219.019.326.036.843.441.841.938.930.425.518.5
Date (yyyy/dd)2006/ 152000/ 282000/ 291977/ 221960/ 311969/ 281975/ 192001/ 101969/ 011961/ 041961/ 052008/ 13
Days with Humidex >= 300.00.00.00.00.12.38.37.81.90.00.00.020.3A
Days with Humidex >= 350.00.00.00.00.00.21.91.50.20.00.00.03.8A
Days with Humidex >= 400.00.00.00.00.00.00.10.10.00.00.00.00.2A
Wind Chill
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Wind Chill
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
Extreme Wind Chill-43-41-34-21-11-600-5-11-19-31
Date (yyyy/dd)1982/ 181967/ 131992/ 011995/ 051956/ 091956/ 091953/ 011953/ 011971/ 291975/ 311957/ 261993/ 29
Days with Wind Chill < -209.09.34.30.10.00.00.00.00.00.00.01.924.5A
Days with Wind Chill < -300.91.20.20.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.02.3A
Days with Wind Chill < -400.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.0A
Humidity
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Humidity
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
Average Vapour Pressure (kPa)0.40.40.40.60.81.21.61.61.30.90.70.50.9A
Average Relative Humidity - 0600LST (%)8181.383.786.185.486.688.689.490.187.584.383.685.6A
Average Relative Humidity - 1500LST (%)72.570.269.869.76564.965.265.267.67074.275.969.2A
Pressure
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Pressure
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
Average Station Pressure (kPa)100.3100.4100.5100.6100.7100.6100.6100.7100.8100.8100.7100.4100.6A
Average Sea Level Pressure (kPa)101.1101.2101.3101.3101.5101.3101.4101.5101.6101.5101.4101.1101.4A
Visibility (hours with)
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Visibility (hours with)
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
< 1 km23.526.140.956.654.740.426.214.59.111.417.825.6346.7C
1 to 9 km125.5116.5130.3141.3117.5103.6107.690.380.478.588.4123.41303.4C
> 9 km595534.1572.8522571.8576610.3639.2630.4654.2613.95957114.5C
Cloud Amount (hours with)
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Cloud Amount (hours with)
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
0 to 2 tenths106.2128.2162.6143.4153.8132.6133.8154.4166.9128.572.675.81558.8C
3 to 7 tenths150.5139.1129.5117.3137.7161198.7210178.8175.7143.1140.21881.7C
8 to 10 tenths487.3409.4451.8459.3452.5426.4411.5379.6374.3439.8504.35285324.1C
Frost-Free
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Frost-Free
Date/Days Code
Average Date of Last Spring Frost May 21 C
Average Date of First Fall Frost Oct 17 C
Average Length of Frost-Free Period 149 Days C
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Frost-Free
Probability of last temperature in spring of 0 °C or lower on or after indicated dates10%25%33%50%66%75%90%
DateJun 07May 28May 27May 24May 18May 14May 05
Probability of first temperature in fall of 0 °C or lower on or after indicated dates10%25%33%50%66%75%90%
DateOct 04Oct 08Oct 10Oct 16Oct 19Oct 22Oct 29
Probability of frost-free period equal to or less than indicated period (Days)10%25%33%50%66%75%90%
Days127136139145152157166

Legend

  • A = WMO "3 and 5 rule" (i.e. no more than 3 consecutive and no more than 5 total missing for either temperature or precipitation)
  • B = At least 25 years
  • C = At least 20 years
  • D = At least 15 years
Station / Element Metadata

Statistics listed below are provided as a guide to determine the validity of Normals and Extremes calculations. For example, a station with 30 years of record between 1981 and 2010 with no missing years would be a more reliable normal than a station with 15 years of record and 2 missing years. Less than 100% possible observations indicates that out of the total number of observations used, some records were missing.

SYDNEY A

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