Canadian Climate Normals 1981-2010 Station Data

The minimum number of years used to calculate these Normals is indicated by a code for each element. A "+" beside an extreme date indicates that this date is the first occurrence of the extreme value. Values and dates in bold indicate all-time extremes for the location.

Data used in the calculation of these Normals may be subject to further quality assurance checks. This may result in minor changes to some values presented here.

Metadata including Station Name, Province, Latitude, Longitude, Elevation, Climate ID, WMO ID, TC ID
KENORA A *
ONTARIO
Latitude: 49°47'25.005" N Longitude: 94°21'55.003" W Elevation: 409.70 m
Climate ID: 6034075 WMO ID: 71850 TC ID: YQK

* This station meets WMO standards for temperature and precipitation.

1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
Temperature:
Daily Average (°C)-16 -12.5 -5.2 4.1 11.3 16.8 19.7 18.6 12.7 5.1 -4.2 -13.1 3.1 Legend AA
Standard Deviation3.8 3.9 2.7 2.7 2.2 1.9 1.5 1.8 1.8 1.8 3.2 3.9 1.1 Legend AA
Daily Maximum (°C)-11.4 -7.6 -0.2 9.4 16.7 21.7 24.4 23.4 17.1 8.8 -0.9 -9.2 7.7 Legend AA
Daily Minimum (°C)-20.5 -17.4 -10.1 -1.3 5.8 11.8 14.9 13.9 8.3 1.4 -7.4 -17.1 -1.5 Legend AA
Extreme Maximum (°C)9.1 8.8 23.3 30.6 35.4 35.6 35.8 35 34.6 26.7 19.4 9.4   Legend
Date
(yyyy/dd)
2003/ 07 2000/ 23 1946/ 27 1952/ 30 1986/ 29 1995/ 17 1983/ 14 1955/ 18 1983/ 02 1943/ 08 1975/ 05 1941/ 03  
Extreme Minimum (°C)-43.9 -41.4 -36.1 -27.2 -12.2 -0.6 3.9 1.1 -6.7 -13.9 -31.3 -38.3   Legend
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1943/ 20 1996/ 02 1962/ 01 1954/ 02 1958/ 01 1969/ 13 1972/ 02 1938/ 28 1965/ 25 1951/ 31 1985/ 28 1967/ 31  
Precipitation:
Rainfall (mm)0.7 3 8.5 22.4 77.4 118.6 103.4 84.2 84.6 49.4 12 1.1 565.3 Legend AA
Snowfall (cm)28.4 18.6 21.1 14.6 3.5 0.1 0 0 0.8 14.2 32.2 30.6 164.1 Legend AA
Precipitation (mm)25.6 19.4 28.1 36.3 80.8 118.7 103.4 84.2 85.6 62.6 42.1 28.3 715 Legend AA
Average Snow Depth (cm)32 35 23 3 0 0 0 0 0 1 8 20 10 Legend AA
Median Snow Depth (cm)32 36 21 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 6 20 10 Legend AA
Snow Depth at Month-end (cm)37 34 11 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 14 27 10 Legend AA
Extreme Daily Rainfall (mm)9.4 16.2 19.8 33.3 106.4 121.4 153.5 92.5 108 46.5 23 29.7   Legend
Date
(yyyy/dd)
2010/ 23 2000/ 26 1960/ 28 1974/ 21 2007/ 29 1999/ 25 1993/ 27 1972/ 20 1981/ 06 1940/ 04 2008/ 06 1951/ 03  
Extreme Daily Snowfall (cm)24.6 26.9 33.8 36.3 35.6 1.4 0 0 30 26.2 32.8 22.8   Legend
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1975/ 11 1955/ 20 1966/ 04 1957/ 10 2004/ 11 1998/ 01 1939/ 01 1938/ 26 1964/ 26 1970/ 09 1977/ 09 1984/ 16  
Extreme Daily Precipitation (mm)24.6 26.9 26.9 36.3 106.4 121.4 153.5 92.5 108 46.5 32.8 37.1   Legend
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1975/ 11 1955/ 20 1966/ 04 1957/ 10 2007/ 29 1999/ 25 1993/ 27 1972/ 20 1981/ 06 1940/ 04 1977/ 09 1951/ 03  
Extreme Snow Depth (cm)102 117 145 84 23 1 0 0 20 20 66 91   Legend
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1966/ 17 1962/ 16 1966/ 05 1962/ 01 1966/ 02 1997/ 27 1955/ 01 1955/ 01 1964/ 27 2001/ 26 1965/ 28 1965/ 31  
Days with Maximum Temperature:
<= 0 °C29.5 23.4 14.6 2.6 0.10 0 0 0 0 1.9 16.6 28 116.6 Legend AA
> 0 °C1.6 4.8 16.4 27.4 30.9 30 31 31 30 29.1 13.4 3 248.6 Legend AA
> 10 °C0 0 1.7 14.3 26.2 29.7 31 31 27.2 12.1 1.3 0 174.4 Legend AA
> 20 °C0 0 0 2 9.1 19.5 27 23.9 8.9 0.76 0 0 91.2 Legend AA
> 30 °C0 0 0 0 0.33 1.3 1.8 1.8 0.13 0 0 0 5.3 Legend AA
> 35 °C0 0 0 0 0.03 0.07 0.03 0 0 0 0 0 0.13 Legend AA
Days with Minimum Temperature:
> 0 °C0 0.23 2.6 12.5 26.8 30 31 31 29.2 18.9 3.2 0.10 185.5 Legend AA
<= 2 °C31 28.2 30.4 22.3 7.7 0.23 0 0.03 2.6 17.7 28.5 31 199.7 Legend AA
<= 0 °C31 28 28.4 17.5 4.2 0 0 0 0.83 12.1 26.8 30.9 179.7 Legend AA
< -2 °C30.8 27.3 25.9 12.4 1.7 0 0 0 0.10 6.2 23.3 30.6 158.3 Legend AA
< -10 °C26.7 21.8 14.2 2.1 0 0 0 0 0 0.17 9.6 23.3 97.8 Legend AA
< -20 °C16.8 11.3 3.9 0.10 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.4 11.8 45.3 Legend AA
< - 30 °C4.5 1.9 0.20 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.07 1.9 8.6 Legend AA
Days with Rainfall:
>= 0.2 mm0.50 1.1 2.9 5.6 12.1 14.5 13.3 12.2 12.9 10.1 3.6 0.83 89.5 Legend AA
>= 5 mm0.03 0.20 0.53 1.4 4.8 6.3 5.3 4.4 4.5 3.1 0.73 0.03 31.3 Legend AA
>= 10 mm0 0.10 0.17 0.63 2.5 3.6 3.2 2.7 2.6 1.5 0.37 0 17.3 Legend AA
>= 25 mm0 0 0 0.07 0.60 1 0.93 0.77 0.60 0.30 0 0 4.3 Legend AA
Days With Snowfall:
>= 0.2 cm13.8 10.7 8.9 4.8 1.5 0.10 0 0 0.47 5.5 12.4 15.5 73.7 Legend AA
>= 5 cm1.5 1 1 0.87 0.20 0 0 0 0.03 0.77 1.9 1.6 8.9 Legend AA
>= 10 cm0.23 0.13 0.23 0.33 0.03 0 0 0 0 0.30 0.47 0.20 1.9 Legend AA
>= 25 cm0 0 0.03 0 0.03 0 0 0 0 0 0.03 0 0.09 Legend AA
Days with Precipitation:
>= 0.2 mm13.4 10.9 10.5 9 12.9 14.5 13.3 12.2 13 13.7 14 15.6 152.9 Legend AA
>= 5 mm1.4 1 1.5 2.3 4.9 6.3 5.3 4.4 4.6 3.9 2.6 1.4 39.4 Legend AA
>= 10 mm0.20 0.23 0.53 1.1 2.6 3.6 3.2 2.7 2.7 1.7 0.90 0.20 19.6 Legend AA
>= 25 mm0 0 0.03 0.07 0.67 1 0.93 0.77 0.60 0.33 0.03 0.03 4.5 Legend AA
Days with Snow Depth:
>= 1 cm31 28.2 28.4 9.1 0.40 0.03 0 0 0.03 2.7 20 30.7 150.6 Legend AA
>= 5 cm31 28.2 25.1 5.2 0.10 0 0 0 0 1.4 14 27.9 133 Legend AA
>= 10 cm30.5 27.5 23.1 3.4 0.07 0 0 0 0 0.53 8.9 23.2 117.2 Legend AA
>= 20 cm25.3 25.9 17.4 1.9 0 0 0 0 0 0.03 4 13.8 88.3 Legend AA
Wind:
Speed (km/h)13.4 13.4 14.1 14.5 14.3 13.4 12.6 12.9 13.8 14.5 14.3 13.5 13.7 Legend AA
Most Frequent DirectionS S S S S S S S S S S S S Legend AA
Maximum Hourly Speed (km/h)58 51 56 53 56 68 64 64 57 64 58 59   Legend
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1954/ 03 1959/ 15 1953/ 22 1960/ 15 1959/ 12 1954/ 07 1974/ 27 1962/ 28 1977/ 09 1956/ 24 1954/ 02 1999/ 25  
Direction of Maximum Hourly SpeedS S S SE SW S NW S NW SE S NW S Legend
Maximum Gust Speed (km/h)85 76 78 79 104 115 108 129 89 90 83 120   Legend
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1986/ 11 1971/ 27 1982/ 13 1975/ 28 1977/ 28 2002/ 10 1974/ 27 1962/ 27 1964/ 26 1971/ 19 1978/ 05 1999/ 25  
Direction of Maximum GustNW NW W E SW NE W S NE S SW NW S Legend
Days with Winds >= 52 km/h0.1 0 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 1.6 Legend AA
Days with Winds >= 63 km/h0 0 0 0 0.1 0 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 0.4 Legend AA
Degree Days:
Above 24 °C0 0 0 0 0.6 2.3 4.2 3 0.3 0 0 0 10.4 Legend AA
Above 18 °C0 0 0 0.4 8.1 34 71.8 56.3 9.6 0.1 0 0 180.3 Legend AA
Above 15 °C0 0 0 1.8 24.4 82 148.5 122.6 28.9 1.3 0 0 409.5 Legend AA
Above 10 °C0 0 0 14.4 88.7 206.4 299.6 267.7 105.4 12.6 0.2 0 994.9 Legend AA
Above 5 °C0 0 2.6 57.7 203.5 353.7 454.6 422.3 233.3 60.2 4.2 0 1792 Legend AA
Above 0 °C0.3 2.1 25.4 149.7 349.9 503.7 609.6 577.3 380.8 168.1 26.6 0.6 2794 Legend AA
Below 0 °C499 355.7 185.8 27.4 0.5 0 0 0 0 10.2 151.2 407.9 1637.7 Legend AA
Below 5 °C653.7 494.8 318 85.4 9.2 0 0 0 2.5 57.3 278.7 562.3 2461.9 Legend AA
Below 10 °C808.7 636 470.4 192.1 49.3 2.7 0 0.4 24.6 164.7 424.7 717.3 3490.9 Legend AA
Below 15 °C963.7 777.2 625.4 329.5 140 28.3 3.9 10.3 98.1 308.3 574.6 872.3 4731.7 Legend AA
Below 18 °C1056.7 861.9 718.4 418.1 216.8 70.3 20.2 36.9 168.8 400.1 664.6 965.3 5598.2 Legend AA
Humidex:
Extreme Humidex9 8.5 19.3 30 39.3 41.2 43.2 41.6 41.6 28.9 18.9 8.7   Legend
Date
(yyyy/dd)
2003/ 07 2000/ 23 1967/ 30 1987/ 18 1988/ 30 2005/ 23 2007/ 25 2001/ 04 1983/ 02 1962/ 15 1975/ 05 1982/ 02  
Days with Humidex >= 300 0 0 0 0.9 3.6 9.1 7.7 1.3 0 0 0 22.6 Legend AA
Days with Humidex >= 350 0 0 0 0.2 1 2.2 1.6 0.1 0 0 0 5.2 Legend AA
Days with Humidex >= 400 0 0 0 0 0.1 0.3 0.2 0 0 0 0 0.6 Legend AA
Wind Chill:
Extreme Wind Chill-57.5 -54.3 -46.7 -37.7 -20.5 -4.2 0 0 -12.6 -22.2 -46.8 -51.5   Legend
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1985/ 19 1996/ 01 1962/ 01 1954/ 02 1967/ 02 1969/ 13 1953/ 01 1953/ 01 1965/ 25 1996/ 31 1958/ 29 1967/ 31  
Days with Wind Chill < -2023.5 18.7 10.1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 5.5 19.2 78 Legend AA
Days with Wind Chill < -3014.4 9.2 2.9 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.9 9.5 37 Legend AA
Days with Wind Chill < -404.7 2 0.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2.3 9.4 Legend AA
Humidity:
Average Vapour Pressure (kPa)0.2 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.8 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.1 0.7 0.4 0.2 0.7 Legend AA
Average Relative Humidity - 0600LST (%)76.1 75.9 75 69.4 73 79.1 81.9 84.5 86.1 84 84.6 80.4 79.2 Legend AA
Average Relative Humidity - 1500LST (%)69.3 61.2 55.3 44.6 47.5 53.2 53.6 54.6 59.3 64.1 72.5 74.1 59.1 Legend AA
Pressure:
Average Station Pressure (kPa)96.6 96.7 96.7 96.6 96.5 96.4 96.5 96.6 96.5 96.5 96.5 96.6 96.6 Legend AA
Average Sea Level Pressure (kPa)101.8 101.9 101.8 101.6 101.4 101.2 101.3 101.5 101.4 101.5 101.6 101.7 101.6 Legend AA
Visibility (hours with):
< 1 km11.6 15.2 17.2 8.9 6.6 4.1 3.6 3 6.7 11.1 20.8 16.4 125.1 Legend CC
1 to 9 km136 99.9 93.7 49.6 53.9 56.1 36.4 45.4 53.1 85.7 126 168.2 1004 Legend CC
> 9 km596.4 562.7 633.1 661.6 683.5 659.8 704 695.6 660.2 647.2 573.2 559.4 7636.7 Legend CC
Cloud Amount (hours with):
0 to 2 tenths227.9 217.1 224.5 222.2 178.4 142.5 186.3 208.1 180.1 152.6 129.1 186.2 2254.8 Legend CC
3 to 7 tenths119.7 115.4 133.9 153.5 183.9 204.8 241.1 219.8 168.5 136.8 106.1 114.2 1897.5 Legend CC
8 to 10 tenths396.5 345.2 385.7 344.4 381.8 372.7 316.6 316.1 371.4 454.7 484.8 443.6 4613.4 Legend CC
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data (Frost-Free)
Frost-Free:Code
Average Date of Last Spring Frost May 11 LegendAA
Average Date of First Fall Frost October 02 LegendAA
Average Length of Frost-Free Period 144 Days LegendAA
Probability of last temperature in spring of 0 °C or lower on or after indicated dates 10% 25% 33% 50% 66% 75% 90%
DateMay 28May 22May 17May 15May 11May 09May 03
Probability of first temperature in fall of 0 °C or lower on or after indicated dates 10% 25% 33% 50% 66% 75% 90%
DateSep 15Sep 22Sep 23Sep 26Oct 02Oct 05Oct 12
Probability of frost-free period equal to or less than indicated period (Days) 10% 25% 33% 50% 66% 75% 90%
Days114125129135140144158
Legend
  • A = WMO "3 and 5 rule" (i.e. no more than 3 consecutive and no more than 5 total missing for either temperature or precipitation)
  • B = At least 25 years
  • C = At least 20 years
  • D = At least 15 years