Canadian Climate Normals 1981-2010 Station Data

The minimum number of years used to calculate these Normals is indicated by a code for each element. A "+" beside an extreme date indicates that this date is the first occurrence of the extreme value. Values and dates in bold indicate all-time extremes for the location.

Data used in the calculation of these Normals may be subject to further quality assurance checks. This may result in minor changes to some values presented here.

Metadata including Station Name, Province, Latitude, Longitude, Elevation, Climate ID, WMO ID, TC ID
PICKLE LAKE A
ONTARIO
Latitude: 51°26'47.000" N Longitude: 90°12'51.000" W Elevation: 386.20 m
Climate ID: 6016527 WMO ID: 71845 TC ID: YPL
Temperature
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Temperature
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Daily Average (°C) -19.3 -15.9 -8.2 0.7 8.5 15.2 17.7 16.8 10.6 2.5 -6.6 -15.5 0.5 C
Standard Deviation 3.6 3.6 3.0 2.8 2.7 1.9 1.4 1.5 1.9 2.0 3.2 3.6 1.2 C
Daily Maximum (°C) -14.3 -9.9 -2.0 6.8 14.4 20.9 23.0 22.0 15.2 6.1 -3.1 -11.1 5.7 C
Daily Minimum (°C) -24.1 -21.8 -14.4 -5.3 2.5 9.4 12.3 11.4 5.9 -1.1 -10.1 -19.8 -4.6 C
Extreme Maximum (°C) 4.7 9.6 18.2 28.2 33.4 38.8 35.8 33.9 29.6 25.4 13.8 6.3
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1999/ 30 2000/ 23 2010/ 30 2001/ 29 2010/ 25 1995/ 18 2007/ 24 2001/ 04 2008/ 01 2005/ 02 2008/ 04 1998/ 14
Extreme Minimum (°C) -41.6 -41.3 -36.3 -24.1 -9.4 -1.3 3.1 1.8 -6.5 -14.2 -30.5 -42.8
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1996/ 31 1996/ 01 2003/ 02 1995/ 04 2008/ 01 2000/ 06 1992/ 26 2004/ 23 1991/ 29 1997/ 26 2007/ 30 2004/ 26
Precipitation
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Precipitation
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Rainfall (mm) 0.3 0.8 5.6 14.9 59.3 100.3 106.7 88.3 95.5 39.9 9.8 0.7 522.0 C
Snowfall (cm) 37 25 31 25 13 0 0 0 4 30 50 42 257 C
Precipitation (mm) 26.8 18.9 30.8 37.0 71.3 100.5 106.7 88.3 98.7 67.5 50.7 31.5 728.5 C
Average Snow Depth (cm) 31 38 34 11 0 0 0 0 0 1 8 20 12 C
Median Snow Depth (cm) 32 38 33 8 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 20 12 C
Snow Depth at Month-end (cm) 35 37 24 2 0 0 0 0 0 3 13 25 12 C
Extreme Daily Rainfall (mm) 2.4 3.8 16.6 29.8 44.8 67.0 78.0 41.8 46.6 28.2 29.0 4.4
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1995/ 18 1994/ 19 2000/ 25 1992/ 19 1991/ 22 2005/ 23 2002/ 27 1992/ 23 2003/ 17 2009/ 30 1990/ 21 2003/ 27
Extreme Daily Snowfall (cm) 14 17 23 44 25 3 0 0 27 28 33 22
Date
(yyyy/dd)
2010/ 24 2005/ 14 2002/ 09 2008/ 26 2009/ 15 2009/ 05 1990/ 01 1990/ 01 2007/ 13 2001/ 25 1991/ 01 2001/ 05
Extreme Daily Precipitation (mm) 12.8 14.6 19.0 36.8 44.8 67.0 78.0 41.8 46.6 36.2 33.2 19.8
Date
(yyyy/dd)
2010/ 24 2005/ 14 2002/ 09 2008/ 26 1991/ 22 2005/ 23 2002/ 27 1992/ 23 2003/ 17 2009/ 30 1997/ 01 2001/ 05
Extreme Snow Depth (cm) 59 60 69 56 30 0 1 0 8 17 34 42
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1997/ 22 2009/ 26 2004/ 20 1992/ 25 2009/ 16 1990/ 01 2000/ 09 1990/ 01 1995/ 21 1993/ 29 1991/ 03 2004/ 31
Days with Maximum Temperature
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Maximum Temperature
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
<= 0 °C 30.2 25.7 18.4 4.6 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 4.4 20.6 29.6 133.8 D
> 0 °C 0.8 2.6 12.7 25.4 30.6 30.0 31.0 31.0 30.0 26.6 9.4 1.4 231.4 D
> 10 °C 0.0 0.0 1.6 9.8 21.5 29.0 30.9 30.8 23.8 7.2 0.6 0.0 155.2 D
> 20 °C 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 7.9 17.1 23.0 19.1 6.3 0.4 0.0 0.0 74.6 D
> 30 °C 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 1.4 1.6 1.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 4.8 D
> 35 °C 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 D
Days with Minimum Temperature
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Minimum Temperature
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
> 0 °C 0.0 0.0 1.2 4.9 19.7 29.7 31.0 31.0 27.0 11.3 1.6 0.1 157.3 D
<= 2 °C 31.0 28.2 30.7 27.7 15.5 1.4 0.0 0.1 6.3 24.1 29.6 31.0 225.5 D
<= 0 °C 31.0 28.2 29.9 25.1 11.3 0.3 0.0 0.0 3.1 19.7 28.4 31.0 207.9 D
< -2 °C 30.9 27.7 28.4 20.6 5.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.8 12.2 26.2 30.8 183.3 D
< -10 °C 29.4 25.4 20.2 5.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.6 13.6 25.5 120.5 D
< -20 °C 21.8 18.2 8.7 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.3 15.8 68.5 D
< - 30 °C 8.2 4.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 4.1 17.3 D
Days with Rainfall
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Rainfall
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
>= 0.2 mm 0.35 0.62 1.8 4.2 12.1 16.1 17.7 15.6 15.8 10.2 3 0.67 98 C
>= 5 mm 0 0 0.33 1 3.9 5.7 6.6 5.3 6 2.5 0.62 0 31.9 C
>= 10 mm 0 0 0.10 0.38 1.9 2.9 3.4 3 3.4 1 0.14 0 16.2 C
>= 25 mm 0 0 0 0.10 0.24 0.71 0.67 0.62 0.67 0.10 0.05 0 3.2 C
Days With Snowfall
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days With Snowfall
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
>= 0.2 cm 15.4 11.3 11.3 6.4 3.3 0.24 0 0 1.1 8.8 15.4 16 89.3 C
>= 5 cm 2.2 1.5 2 1.7 0.71 0 0 0 0.14 1.8 2.7 2.9 15.6 C
>= 10 cm 0.50 0.19 0.57 0.48 0.43 0 0 0 0.10 0.81 1.1 0.62 4.8 C
>= 25 cm 0 0 0 0.10 0.05 0 0 0 0.05 0.05 0.19 0 0.44 C
Days with Precipitation
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Precipitation
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
>= 0.2 mm 14.5 10.4 11.6 8.6 13.7 16.1 17.7 15.6 16.3 16.1 16.0 15.0 171.5 C
>= 5 mm 1.5 1.1 1.9 2.5 4.5 5.7 6.6 5.3 6.1 4.4 3.0 1.4 44.0 C
>= 10 mm 0.2 0.1 0.6 0.9 2.5 2.9 3.4 3.0 3.6 1.8 1.1 0.2 20.2 C
>= 25 mm 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.3 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.2 0.2 0.0 3.7 C
Days with Snow Depth
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Snow Depth
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
>= 1 cm 31 28.2 30.1 17.5 1.9 0 0.05 0 0.29 5.2 22.8 31 168 C
>= 5 cm 30.3 28.1 27.5 11.8 0.95 0 0 0 0.05 2 17.9 30.2 148.6 C
>= 10 cm 30.2 28.1 26.7 9.8 0.57 0 0 0 0 0.52 12.3 24.9 132.9 C
>= 20 cm 26.9 26.9 24.5 6.9 0.14 0 0 0 0 0 2 18.1 105.4 C
Wind
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Wind
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Maximum Hourly Speed (km/h) 48 50 50 48 43 46 44 52 48 56 48 61
Date
(yyyy/dd)
2001/ 05 2002/ 11 2010/ 24 1994/ 16 1997/ 08 1997/ 27 1997/ 27 1995/ 20 2007/ 11 2001/ 25 1994/ 21 1999/ 25
Direction of Maximum Hourly Speed CALM NW W NW N SW NW W NW N NW NW
Date
(yyyy/dd)
2002/ 11 2010/ 24 1994/ 16 1997/ 08 1997/ 27 1997/ 27 1995/ 20 2007/ 11 2001/ 25 1994/ 21 1999/ 25
Maximum Gust Speed (km/h) 65 70 87 78 74 111 89 93 93 93 80 87
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1996/ 18 2002/ 11 2010/ 24 2001/ 26 1998/ 16 1996/ 27 2006/ 08 1995/ 20 2000/ 10 2001/ 25 2001/ 25 1999/ 25
Direction of Maximum Gust S NW W W W SW W W SW N N NW
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1996/ 18 2002/ 11 2010/ 24 2001/ 26 1998/ 16 1996/ 27 2006/ 08 1995/ 20 2000/ 10 2001/ 25 2001/ 25 1999/ 25
Days with Winds >= 52 km/h 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.1 1.3 D
Days with Winds >= 63 km/h 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.2 D
Degree Days
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Degree Days
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Above 24 °C 0 0 0 0 0 1.7 2.7 1.3 0.1 0 0 0 5.8 D
Above 18 °C 0 0 0 0 2.5 25.7 40.7 33.9 4.2 0 0 0 107.1 D
Above 15 °C 0 0 0 0.2 12.1 62.5 99.1 80.1 15.1 0.4 0 0 269.4 D
Above 10 °C 0 0 0.1 4.1 55.2 166.2 238.5 210.5 68 4.7 0 0 747.1 D
Above 5 °C 0 0 1.6 25.3 138.3 305.7 392.8 364.1 174.8 28.7 1.4 0 1432.6 D
Above 0 °C 0 1.2 14.8 86.3 266.8 455.2 547.8 519.1 317.3 102.9 14.2 0.2 2,326 D
Below 0 °C 600.6 449.5 270.7 60.9 3.3 0 0 0 0.1 25 213.3 479.9 2103.4 D
Below 5 °C 755.6 589.5 412.5 149.8 29.8 0.5 0 0 7.5 105.8 350.5 634.8 3036.1 D
Below 10 °C 910.6 730.6 566 278.6 101.7 11 0.7 1.3 50.7 236.8 499.1 789.8 4176.9 D
Below 15 °C 1065.6 871.8 720.9 424.7 213.6 57.3 16.3 26 147.8 387.5 649.1 944.8 5525.4 D
Below 18 °C 1158.6 956.6 813.9 514.6 297.1 110.5 50.9 72.8 227 480.1 739.1 1037.8 6458.8 D
Evaporation
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Evaporation
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Lake Evaporation (mm) 0 0 0 0 3.9 4.5 4 3.7 2.2 0 0 0 0
Humidex
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Humidex
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Extreme Humidex 4.2 8.1 17.9 28.1 38.0 42.4 47.7 38.9 37.2 29.6 13.3 5.8
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1999/ 30 2000/ 23 2010/ 30 1990/ 24 2010/ 25 1995/ 17 2001/ 20 2001/ 05 2008/ 01 2005/ 02 2008/ 04 1998/ 14
Wind Chill
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Wind Chill
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Extreme Wind Chill -53 -52 -48 -35 -15 -7 0 0 -9 -23 -39 -51
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1994/ 18 1996/ 02 2003/ 02 1995/ 03 2005/ 02 1990/ 03 1990/ 01 1990/ 01 1991/ 29 1996/ 30 2007/ 30 1993/ 25
Humidity
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Humidity
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Average Relative Humidity - 0600LST (%) 75.1 74.6 75.9 76.1 80.8 84.9 87.8 89.1 91.3 89.9 87.5 80.4 82.8 C
Average Relative Humidity - 1500LST (%) 69.6 60.3 52.8 45.5 49.1 51.6 55 55.9 63.2 70.8 77.9 76.1 60.7 C
Frost-Free
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data (Frost-Free)
Frost-FreeCode
Average Date of Last Spring Frost May 24 LegendDD
Average Date of First Fall Frost September 26 LegendDD
Average Length of Frost-Free Period 124 Days LegendDD
Probability of last temperature in spring of 0 °C or lower on or after indicated dates 10% 25% 33% 50% 66% 75% 90%
DateJun 10May 30May 28May 25May 17May 14May 10
Probability of first temperature in fall of 0 °C or lower on or after indicated dates 10% 25% 33% 50% 66% 75% 90%
DateSep 17Sep 21Sep 23Sep 25Sep 29Oct 01Oct 12
Probability of frost-free period equal to or less than indicated period (Days) 10% 25% 33% 50% 66% 75% 90%
Days96116121123128136146
Legend
  • A = WMO "3 and 5 rule" (i.e. no more than 3 consecutive and no more than 5 total missing for either temperature or precipitation)
  • B = At least 25 years
  • C = At least 20 years
  • D = At least 15 years