Canadian Climate Normals 1981-2010 Station Data

The minimum number of years used to calculate these Normals is indicated by a code for each element. A "+" beside an extreme date indicates that this date is the first occurrence of the extreme value. Values and dates in bold indicate all-time extremes for the location.

Data used in the calculation of these Normals may be subject to further quality assurance checks. This may result in minor changes to some values presented here.

Metadata including Station Name, Province, Latitude, Longitude, Elevation, Climate ID, WMO ID, TC ID
MOOSE JAW A
SASKATCHEWAN
Latitude: 50°20'00.000" N Longitude: 105°34'00.000" W Elevation: 576.70 m
Climate ID: 4015320 WMO ID: 71864 TC ID: YMJ
Temperature
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Temperature
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Daily Average (°C) -12.3 -9.1 -2.6 5.2 12.1 17.2 19.3 18.9 12.4 5.6 -4.3 -11.5 4.2 D
Standard Deviation 5.3 4.5 3.4 2.0 1.7 1.9 1.4 1.9 2.0 1.2 3.6 4.3 1.4 D
Daily Maximum (°C) -6.9 -4.0 2.7 12.1 19.0 23.9 26.2 26.1 19.2 12.0 0.7 -6.3 10.4 D
Daily Minimum (°C) -17.7 -14.2 -7.9 -1.7 5.1 10.4 12.3 11.6 5.6 -0.8 -9.4 -16.6 -1.9 D
Extreme Maximum (°C) 11.5 16.9 23.3 32.9 38.6 41.2 38.9 41.7 37.2 32.8 22.2 12.0
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1987/ 11 1992/ 29 1966/ 30 1980/ 20 1980/ 23 1988/ 05 1959/ 26 1949/ 06 1978/ 04 1992/ 01 1975/ 04 1997/ 14
Extreme Minimum (°C) -45.6 -40.5 -38.9 -26.1 -11.1 -2.8 1.1 0.0 -12.8 -21.1 -32.3 -40.7
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1943/ 23 1996/ 01 1972/ 02 1975/ 02 1954/ 02 1969/ 12 1967/ 02 1957/ 26 1961/ 30 1957/ 25 1978/ 19 1983/ 23
Precipitation
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Precipitation
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Rainfall (mm) 0.4 0.5 3.0 13.0 44.7 58.7 63.0 39.1 36.0 13.2 2.3 0.2 274.1 D
Snowfall (cm) 21 13 20 5 3 0 0 0 2 7 18 21 109 D
Precipitation (mm) 16.8 11.1 19.7 17.6 48.0 58.8 63.0 39.1 37.7 19.6 17.3 16.5 365.3 D
Average Snow Depth (cm) 11 8 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 8 3 D
Median Snow Depth (cm) 10 7 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 7 2 D
Snow Depth at Month-end (cm) 10 7 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 6 12 3 D
Extreme Daily Rainfall (mm) 2.8 4.8 8.9 38.6 72.6 80.5 48.0 50.4 67.4 30.8 5.6 4.8
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1984/ 28 1998/ 16 1967/ 29 1955/ 19 1982/ 28 1944/ 13 1993/ 05 1995/ 26 1995/ 05 1981/ 12 1985/ 05 1975/ 27
Extreme Daily Snowfall (cm) 17 21 21 24 19 1 0 0 27 20 19 13
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1964/ 21 1974/ 27 1985/ 22 1970/ 28 1983/ 12 1992/ 05 1943/ 01 1943/ 01 1972/ 24 1996/ 01 1996/ 19 1975/ 31
Extreme Daily Precipitation (mm) 13.5 13.7 21.1 38.6 72.6 80.5 48.0 50.4 67.4 30.8 16.0 13.0
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1964/ 21 1974/ 27 1985/ 22 1955/ 19 1982/ 28 1944/ 13 1993/ 05 1995/ 26 1995/ 05 1981/ 12 1996/ 19 1961/ 17
Extreme Snow Depth (cm) 48 48 38 30 16 0 0 0 20 20 37 42
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1965/ 31 1965/ 01 1969/ 01 1974/ 01 1983/ 13 1955/ 01 1955/ 01 1955/ 01 1972/ 25 1974/ 05 1996/ 23 1996/ 30
Days with Maximum Temperature
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Maximum Temperature
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
<= 0 °C 21.2 16.6 10.4 1.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.6 12.9 22.6 86.7 D
> 0 °C 9.8 11.7 20.6 28.5 31.0 30.0 31.0 31.0 30.0 29.4 17.1 8.4 278.5 D
> 10 °C 0.3 0.9 5.1 18.7 28.5 29.8 31.0 30.9 26.7 18.9 2.9 0.1 193.9 D
> 20 °C 0.0 0.0 0.1 4.4 13.7 23.2 28.5 26.7 13.8 4.6 0.1 0.0 115.1 D
> 30 °C 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.2 4.2 5.9 8.3 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 21.7 D
> 35 °C 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.5 0.8 1.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5 D
Days with Minimum Temperature
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Minimum Temperature
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
> 0 °C 0.6 1.1 1.9 11.1 26.5 29.9 31.0 31.0 26.9 14.5 1.9 0.3 176.6 D
<= 2 °C 30.9 28.0 30.3 23.8 8.4 0.4 0.0 0.1 6.4 22.2 29.2 30.9 210.6 D
<= 0 °C 30.4 27.2 29.1 18.9 4.5 0.1 0.0 0.0 3.1 16.5 28.1 30.7 188.7 D
< -2 °C 29.6 25.5 24.2 13.2 2.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.9 11.3 25.9 29.6 162.4 D
< -10 °C 23.4 16.9 10.0 1.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.4 11.9 22.2 87.7 D
< -20 °C 12.7 8.5 2.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.9 10.3 36.7 D
< - 30 °C 4.3 1.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 3.1 9.4 D
Days with Rainfall
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Rainfall
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
>= 0.2 mm 0.75 0.76 2.3 5.6 10.2 12.4 10.4 9.2 7.7 4.8 1.9 0.69 66.7 D
>= 5 mm 0 0 0.06 0.47 2.2 3.7 3.5 2.4 1.9 0.59 0.12 0 14.9 D
>= 10 mm 0 0 0 0.24 1.2 1.5 2.1 0.82 1.1 0.35 0 0 7.2 D
>= 25 mm 0 0 0 0.12 0.35 0.41 0.53 0.24 0.24 0.12 0 0 2 D
Days With Snowfall
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days With Snowfall
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
>= 0.2 cm 9.8 7.5 7.3 2.9 0.88 0.06 0 0 0.71 2.5 7.4 10.9 50.1 D
>= 5 cm 1 0.59 1.4 0.29 0.12 0 0 0 0.06 0.47 1 0.88 5.8 D
>= 10 cm 0.19 0.06 0.25 0 0.12 0 0 0 0 0.12 0.29 0.06 1.1 D
>= 25 cm 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 D
Days with Precipitation
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Precipitation
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
>= 0.2 mm 9.9 7.8 8.4 7.8 10.5 12.4 10.4 9.2 7.9 6.8 8.5 10.4 110.2 D
>= 5 mm 0.9 0.4 1.1 0.8 2.4 3.7 3.5 2.4 2.0 1.1 1.0 0.5 19.7 D
>= 10 mm 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.2 1.2 1.5 2.1 0.8 1.2 0.5 0.2 0.0 8.1 D
>= 25 mm 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0 2.0 D
Days with Snow Depth
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Snow Depth
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
>= 1 cm 27.8 19.7 15.7 1.5 0.53 0 0 0 0.18 2.3 13 25.6 106.2 D
>= 5 cm 21.8 14.7 9.4 0.41 0.12 0 0 0 0.06 0.65 7.1 19.3 73.6 D
>= 10 cm 12.9 9.9 4.9 0 0.12 0 0 0 0 0.18 3.1 10.2 41.2 D
>= 20 cm 5.4 3.8 1.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.65 2.7 14.2 D
Wind
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Wind
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Speed (km/h) 19.2 19.3 18.1 18.7 18.2 17.0 15.0 15.1 17.2 18.5 17.4 18.8 17.7 D
Most Frequent Direction W W W W W W W W W W W W W D
Maximum Hourly Speed (km/h) 100 89 81 87 93 84 109 80 90 82 80 87
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1963/ 19 1960/ 07 1982/ 12 1970/ 07 1960/ 14 1961/ 21 1955/ 01 1960/ 23 1971/ 11 1976/ 14 1955/ 10 1955/ 12
Direction of Maximum Hourly Speed NW W NW NW W NW S SW W W NW W
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1963/ 19 1960/ 07 1982/ 12 1970/ 07 1960/ 14 1961/ 21 1955/ 01 1960/ 23 1971/ 11 1976/ 14 1955/ 10 1955/ 12
Maximum Gust Speed (km/h) 134 121 105 129 134 130 137 109 138 119 129 116
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1963/ 19 1960/ 07 1963/ 28 1958/ 18 1963/ 02 1994/ 29 1956/ 25 1962/ 04 1957/ 07 1991/ 16 1961/ 06 1955/ 12
Direction of Maximum Gust NW W W W W W NW SE W SW NW W
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1963/ 19 1960/ 07 1963/ 28 1958/ 18 1963/ 02 1994/ 29 1956/ 25 1962/ 04 1957/ 07 1991/ 16 1961/ 06 1955/ 12
Days with Winds >= 52 km/h 5.2 4.0 3.3 4.0 5.4 4.6 3.3 2.8 2.7 3.6 2.1 4.5 45.4 D
Days with Winds >= 63 km/h 1.7 1.0 0.9 1.1 2.1 1.5 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.0 0.4 1.5 14.3 D
Degree Days
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Degree Days
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Above 24 °C 0 0 0 0 0.3 3.7 3.7 5.2 0.3 0 0 0 13.2 D
Above 18 °C 0 0 0 0.2 9.6 38 61.4 66.1 8.9 0.5 0 0 184.7 D
Above 15 °C 0 0 0 2.1 26.3 87.1 136.3 131.6 30.3 2.8 0 0 416.5 D
Above 10 °C 0 0 0.8 18.1 98.9 217.2 287.7 275.6 104.2 21 0.4 0 1023.9 D
Above 5 °C 0.3 1.2 7.8 70.1 224.3 365.3 442.7 429.8 227.7 80.7 5.4 0.1 1855.3 D
Above 0 °C 6 15.6 47.1 175.5 373.8 515.3 597.7 584.8 372 192.4 30.6 6.3 2917.2 D
Below 0 °C 373.5 271.9 127.2 18.9 0.3 0 0 0 0 18 160.8 362.3 1332.8 D
Below 5 °C 522.8 398.6 242.8 63.5 5.8 0 0 0 5.6 61.2 285.5 511 2097.1 D
Below 10 °C 677.6 538.6 390.9 161.6 35.4 1.9 0 0.8 32.2 156.6 430.5 666 3091.9 D
Below 15 °C 832.6 679.8 545.1 295.5 117.7 21.8 3.6 11.8 108.3 293.4 580.1 821 4310.7 D
Below 18 °C 925.6 764.5 638.1 383.6 194.1 62.7 21.7 39.3 176.9 384.1 670.1 914 5174.5 D
Bright Sunshine
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Bright Sunshine
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Total Hours 106.1 141.4 164.4 229.5 262.6 289.1 331.8 301.2 194.0 168.8 102.0 86.2 2377.0 D
Days with measureable 25.4 25.4 26.5 28.6 29.0 29.1 30.4 30.3 26.5 27.1 23.3 23.5 325.1 D
% of possible daylight hours 40.0 49.9 44.7 55.6 54.9 59.0 67.2 67.0 51.1 50.6 37.5 34.2 51.0 D
Extreme Daily 8.8 10.7 11.9 14.3 15.6 16.0 15.9 14.8 13.1 11.1 9.3 8.0
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1959/ 30 1975/ 27 1957/ 28 1961/ 30 1957/ 31 1958/ 19 1957/ 07 1961/ 02 1958/ 03 1955/ 01 1960/ 02 1958/ 05
Humidex
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Humidex
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Extreme Humidex 12.4 16.2 22.8 31.9 37.5 42.8 45.4 41.4 39.3 31.4 22.2 11.2
Date
(yyyy/dd)
2002/ 07 1992/ 29 1966/ 30 1980/ 20 1980/ 23 1975/ 25 2007/ 23 1971/ 06 1960/ 04 1992/ 01 1975/ 04 1997/ 14
Days with Humidex >= 30 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.1 5.2 9.0 10.2 2.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 27.7 D
Days with Humidex >= 35 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 1.1 1.9 1.9 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 5.2 D
Days with Humidex >= 40 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 D
Wind Chill
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Wind Chill
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Extreme Wind Chill -57 -58 -49 -36 -15 -7 0 0 -18 -32 -46 -57
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1954/ 20 1996/ 01 1962/ 01 1954/ 02 1954/ 02 1969/ 12 1954/ 01 1954/ 01 1961/ 30 1984/ 31 1985/ 27 1983/ 23
Days with Wind Chill < -20 19.5 14.7 7.5 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.8 8.5 18.6 70.5 D
Days with Wind Chill < -30 11.2 8.0 2.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 2.1 9.6 33.3 D
Days with Wind Chill < -40 4.8 2.2 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 3.6 10.8 D
Humidity
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Humidity
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Average Vapour Pressure (kPa) 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.8 1.1 1.3 1.2 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.7 D
Average Relative Humidity - 0600LST (%) 80.4 80.8 84.6 79.3 77 78.4 82.2 79.6 76.8 78.1 82.1 81 80 D
Average Relative Humidity - 1500LST (%) 74.9 73.2 65.9 44.3 42.4 43.8 44.2 41.2 44.2 49.7 68.6 75.4 55.7 D
Pressure
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Pressure
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Average Station Pressure (kPa) 94.7 94.8 94.7 94.6 94.5 94.5 94.6 94.7 94.7 94.6 94.6 94.7 94.6 D
Average Sea Level Pressure (kPa) 101.9 102 101.7 101.5 101.4 101.2 101.4 101.5 101.6 101.5 101.7 101.9 101.6 D
Frost-Free
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data (Frost-Free)
Frost-FreeCode
Average Date of Last Spring Frost 10% 25% 33% 50% 66% 75% 90%
DateJun 10May 26May 24May 17May 13May 09May 05
Average Date of First Fall Frost 10% 25% 33% 50% 66% 75% 90%
DateSep 04Sep 11Sep 12Sep 17Sep 21Sep 23Oct 05
Average Length of Frost-Free Period 10% 25% 33% 50% 66% 75% 90%
Days100109112121129133149
Probability of last temperature in spring of 0 °C or lower on or after indicated dates 10% 25% 33% 50% 66% 75% 90%
Probability of first temperature in fall of 0 °C or lower on or after indicated dates 10% 25% 33% 50% 66% 75% 90%
Probability of frost-free period equal to or less than indicated period (Days) 10% 25% 33% 50% 66% 75% 90%
Legend
  • A = WMO "3 and 5 rule" (i.e. no more than 3 consecutive and no more than 5 total missing for either temperature or precipitation)
  • B = At least 25 years
  • C = At least 20 years
  • D = At least 15 years