Canadian Climate Normals 1981-2010 Station Data

The minimum number of years used to calculate these Normals is indicated by a code for each element. A "+" beside an extreme date indicates that this date is the first occurrence of the extreme value. Values and dates in bold indicate all-time extremes for the location.

Data used in the calculation of these Normals may be subject to further quality assurance checks. This may result in minor changes to some values presented here.

Metadata including Station Name, Province, Latitude, Longitude, Elevation, Climate ID, WMO ID, TC ID
CROSS LAKE *
ALBERTA
Latitude: 54°37'58.009" N Longitude: 113°54'49.005" W Elevation: 655.30 m
Climate ID: 30619E0 WMO ID: TC ID:

* This station meets WMO standards for temperature and precipitation.

Temperature
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Temperature
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Daily Average (°C) -13.9 -10.4 -4.6 3.7 9.6 13.4 16.0 14.8 9.3 3.0 -6.5 -12.2 1.9 A
Standard Deviation 4.7 4.2 3.7 2.1 1.4 0.9 1.2 1.6 1.6 1.5 4.0 4.7 1.5 A
Daily Maximum (°C) -7.8 -3.7 2.0 10.8 17.1 20.6 22.9 22.0 16.3 9.2 -1.4 -6.4 8.5 A
Daily Minimum (°C) -19.9 -17.2 -11.2 -3.4 2.0 6.3 9.0 7.5 2.4 -3.2 -11.5 -18.1 -4.8 A
Extreme Maximum (°C) 12.5 16.0 15.5 28.9 32.0 33.5 35.5 34.0 32.0 27.5 17.2 16.0
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1993/ 30 1992/ 27 1991/ 31 1977/ 25 1986/ 26 2002/ 26 2006/ 22 1991/ 09 1981/ 17 1980/ 06 1975/ 03 1999/ 27
Extreme Minimum (°C) -51.0 -46.5 -45.5 -32.8 -11.0 -4.0 -1.0 -3.5 -11.0 -27.0 -38.0 -46.7
Date
(yyyy/dd)
2004/ 27 1989/ 02 2003/ 08 1975/ 01 2002/ 04 1985/ 01 1999/ 17 1982/ 26 1983/ 30 1984/ 31 2006/ 29 1977/ 09
Precipitation
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Precipitation
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Rainfall (mm) 1.2 0.5 2.5 17.8 48.1 97.2 108.0 68.0 38.0 16.8 2.7 0.7 401.3 A
Snowfall (cm) 25 14 19 12 2 0 0 0 1 11 23 20 127 A
Precipitation (mm) 26.1 14.7 21.8 29.9 49.8 97.2 108.0 68.1 38.6 27.5 25.4 20.9 527.8 A
Snow Depth at Month-end (cm) 25 26 15 1 0 0 0 0 0 2 11 13 8 D
Extreme Daily Rainfall (mm) 6.4 4.0 10.4 22.0 41.0 61.6 77.8 54.8 42.8 18.6 8.7 5.2
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1997/ 30 1978/ 21 2000/ 31 1992/ 17 2004/ 29 1985/ 23 1988/ 05 1982/ 03 1984/ 06 1981/ 08 1978/ 07 2000/ 06
Extreme Daily Snowfall (cm) 18 18 19 34 10 0 0 2 8 23 24 19
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1979/ 20 1992/ 19 1994/ 18 2002/ 14 2003/ 05 1973/ 11 1973/ 01 1992/ 20 1974/ 27 2004/ 15 1996/ 09 1991/ 03
Extreme Daily Precipitation (mm) 18.0 18.0 19.0 39.0 41.0 61.6 77.8 54.8 42.8 23.0 24.0 19.0
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1979/ 20 1992/ 19 1994/ 18 2002/ 14 2004/ 29 1985/ 23 1988/ 05 1982/ 03 1984/ 06 2004/ 15 1996/ 09 1991/ 03
Extreme Snow Depth (cm) 52 62 63 50 12 0 0 0 2 24 40 44
Date
(yyyy/dd)
2004/ 31 2007/ 23 2007/ 05 1982/ 01 1986/ 01 1981/ 01 1981/ 01 1980/ 01 1984/ 25 2004/ 19 2006/ 30 2006/ 06
Days with Maximum Temperature
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Maximum Temperature
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
<= 0 °C 23.9 18.0 11.3 2.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.4 16.2 23.1 97.0 C
> 0 °C 7.2 10.2 19.7 27.9 31.0 30.0 31.0 31.0 30.0 28.6 13.8 7.9 268.2 C
> 10 °C 0.2 0.6 3.2 17.0 27.2 29.6 31.0 30.8 25.0 14.3 0.7 0.3 179.9 C
> 20 °C 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.7 9.4 17.0 23.1 20.0 8.1 1.3 0.0 0.0 80.5 C
> 30 °C 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.6 0.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.9 C
> 35 °C 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 C
Days with Minimum Temperature
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Minimum Temperature
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
> 0 °C 0.1 0.3 0.5 5.4 19.0 28.2 30.8 29.9 19.7 6.2 0.7 0.2 141.0 C
<= 2 °C 31.0 28.2 30.9 26.9 17.0 4.5 0.6 2.5 14.9 28.2 29.8 30.9 245.3 C
<= 0 °C 30.9 28.0 30.5 24.6 12.0 1.8 0.2 1.1 10.3 24.8 29.3 30.8 224.2 C
< -2 °C 30.3 27.2 28.0 16.7 6.1 0.3 0.0 0.2 4.7 17.6 27.7 30.3 188.9 C
< -10 °C 25.5 21.0 13.3 2.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 2.0 15.2 23.7 103.1 C
< -20 °C 14.0 8.5 4.9 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 3.6 11.5 43.3 C
< - 30 °C 5.4 3.0 1.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.6 3.5 14.0 C
Days with Rainfall
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Rainfall
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
>= 0.2 mm 0.56 0.48 1.1 5 10.6 15.7 16.5 14.4 12 6.7 1.4 0.58 85 A
>= 5 mm 0.04 0 0.11 1.2 3.1 6 6.6 3.8 2.5 0.85 0.12 0.04 24.3 A
>= 10 mm 0 0 0.04 0.33 1.5 3.1 3.3 1.9 0.74 0.27 0 0 11.2 A
>= 25 mm 0 0 0 0 0.23 0.65 0.81 0.27 0.04 0 0 0 2 A
Days With Snowfall
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days With Snowfall
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
>= 0.2 cm 7.6 6.2 5.7 2.9 0.42 0 0 0.08 0.41 2.6 6.5 7.2 39.5 A
>= 5 cm 2 0.70 1.3 0.85 0.15 0 0 0 0 0.81 1.7 1.1 8.6 A
>= 10 cm 0.30 0.11 0.30 0.26 0.04 0 0 0 0 0.23 0.35 0.42 2 A
>= 25 cm 0 0 0 0.07 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.07 A
Days with Precipitation
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Precipitation
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
>= 0.2 mm 7.8 6.5 6.5 7.0 10.8 15.7 16.5 14.4 12.2 8.4 7.7 7.5 120.9 A
>= 5 mm 2.1 0.8 1.4 2.0 3.2 6.0 6.6 3.8 2.6 1.8 1.9 1.2 33.4 A
>= 10 mm 0.3 0.1 0.4 0.7 1.6 3.1 3.3 1.9 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.4 13.5 A
>= 25 mm 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.7 0.8 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.1 A
Degree Days
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Degree Days
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Above 24 °C 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 C
Above 18 °C 0 0 0 0 1.4 3 12.3 9.5 0.4 0 0 0 26.5 C
Above 15 °C 0 0 0 0.1 7.8 18.1 48.9 41.5 3.8 0.1 0 0 120.1 C
Above 10 °C 0 0 0 5.4 48.4 108.6 182.3 152.3 41.5 3.2 0 0 541.6 C
Above 5 °C 0.1 0.5 1 37.1 151.5 252.6 336.9 302.7 139.7 31.7 0.9 0.2 1254.8 C
Above 0 °C 3.6 6.2 25.6 135.9 297.4 402.6 491.9 457.5 280.4 121 12 4.6 2238.6 C
Below 0 °C 433.5 300.6 169.6 24.4 0.7 0 0 0 0.3 27.5 205.5 387.7 1549.8 C
Below 5 °C 585.1 435.9 300 75.6 9.8 0 0 0.1 9.6 93.2 344.4 538.3 2392.1 C
Below 10 °C 740 576.5 454 193.9 61.7 6 0.4 4.8 61.3 219.7 493.5 693.1 3504.9 C
Below 15 °C 895 717.6 609 338.6 176.1 65.5 22 48.9 173.6 371.6 643.5 848.1 4909.6 C
Below 18 °C 988 802.3 702 428.5 262.7 140.4 78.4 109.9 260.2 464.5 733.5 941.1 5911.7 C
Frost-Free
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data (Frost-Free)
Frost-FreeCode
Average Date of Last Spring Frost June 10 LegendCC
Average Date of First Fall Frost August 27 LegendCC
Average Length of Frost-Free Period 77 Days LegendCC
Probability of last temperature in spring of 0 °C or lower on or after indicated dates 10% 25% 33% 50% 66% 75% 90%
DateJun 28Jun 19Jun 16Jun 09Jun 03May 29May 22
Probability of first temperature in fall of 0 °C or lower on or after indicated dates 10% 25% 33% 50% 66% 75% 90%
DateAug 02Aug 17Aug 21Aug 26Sep 02Sep 07Sep 12
Probability of frost-free period equal to or less than indicated period (Days) 10% 25% 33% 50% 66% 75% 90%
Days416872778591103
Legend
  • A = WMO "3 and 5 rule" (i.e. no more than 3 consecutive and no more than 5 total missing for either temperature or precipitation)
  • B = At least 25 years
  • C = At least 20 years
  • D = At least 15 years