Canadian Climate Normals 1981-2010 Station Data

The minimum number of years used to calculate these Normals is indicated by a code for each element. A "+" beside an extreme date indicates that this date is the first occurrence of the extreme value. Values and dates in bold indicate all-time extremes for the location.

Data used in the calculation of these Normals may be subject to further quality assurance checks. This may result in minor changes to some values presented here.

Metadata including Station Name, Province, Latitude, Longitude, Elevation, Climate ID, WMO ID, TC ID
CARDSTON
ALBERTA
Latitude: 49°07'54.010" N Longitude: 113°14'31.030" W Elevation: 1,193.00 m
Climate ID: 3031320 WMO ID: TC ID:
Temperature
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Temperature
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Daily Average (°C) -4.5 -3.5 -0.1 5.1 9.9 13.8 16.9 16.9 11.8 6.3 -1.1 -4.6 5.6 C
Standard Deviation 4.0 4.2 3.3 2.0 1.6 1.4 1.7 1.9 2.1 1.8 3.8 4.2 2.2 C
Daily Maximum (°C) 1.4 2.5 5.9 11.5 16.5 20.5 24.5 24.8 19.0 12.8 4.5 1.1 12.1 C
Daily Minimum (°C) -10.4 -9.5 -6.1 -1.3 3.3 7.0 9.3 8.9 4.6 -0.2 -6.7 -10.3 -1.0 C
Extreme Maximum (°C) 16.5 21.0 24.5 30.5 33.0 35.6 38.9 36.7 34.5 29.5 23.9 19.4
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1986/ 10 1992/ 27 2004/ 30 1987/ 28 1986/ 30 1933/ 15 1939/ 28 1918/ 05 1998/ 07 1991/ 11 1962/ 03 1939/ 05
Extreme Minimum (°C) -41.7 -38.9 -36.7 -25.6 -12.8 -5.6 -0.5 -3.9 -15.6 -26.5 -35.6 -38.5
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1929/ 28 1936/ 15 1951/ 07 1954/ 02 1954/ 01 1919/ 03 1999/ 04 1974/ 15 1934/ 25 1991/ 29 1955/ 13 1977/ 09
Precipitation
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Precipitation
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Rainfall (mm) 0.4 0.0 1.5 10.8 66.7 90.7 45.5 43.7 49.2 9.9 2.1 0.1 320.6 C
Snowfall (cm) 20 19 36 30 15 0 0 0 4 22 27 21 194 C
Precipitation (mm) 20.8 19.1 37.5 40.6 81.3 90.7 45.5 43.9 53.1 31.6 29.6 21.5 515.0 C
Extreme Daily Rainfall (mm) 7.6 5.1 15.2 76.2 77.7 106.0 60.5 50.8 53.8 33.0 16.0 5.8
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1938/ 10 1946/ 15 1934/ 27 1951/ 30 1981/ 15 1995/ 06 1965/ 09 1918/ 12 1927/ 14 1934/ 12 1999/ 12 1953/ 09
Extreme Daily Snowfall (cm) 25 20 35 46 64 15 0 20 22 36 36 33
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1984/ 15 1946/ 25 1998/ 17 1967/ 28 1919/ 04 1951/ 05 1923/ 01 1992/ 21 1961/ 20 1994/ 02 1946/ 17 1936/ 06
Extreme Daily Precipitation (mm) 25.0 20.3 35.0 88.9 78.7 106.0 60.5 50.8 53.8 36.0 35.6 33.0
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1984/ 15 1946/ 25 1998/ 17 1951/ 30 1981/ 15 1995/ 06 1965/ 09 1918/ 12 1927/ 14 1994/ 02 1946/ 17 1936/ 06
Extreme Snow Depth (cm) 53 41 38 84 61 0 0 0 18 18 40 46
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1965/ 05 1963/ 01 2002/ 09 1967/ 29 1967/ 01 1961/ 01 1961/ 01 1961/ 01 1965/ 15 1961/ 20 1996/ 20 1964/ 23
Days with Maximum Temperature
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Maximum Temperature
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
<= 0 °C 10.0 8.5 6.1 1.9 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 1.8 6.8 10.4 45.8 D
> 0 °C 21.1 19.8 24.9 28.1 30.8 30.0 31.0 31.0 29.9 29.2 23.2 20.6 319.5 D
> 10 °C 2.9 4.5 9.7 18.0 26.0 29.1 30.8 30.7 26.7 20.8 5.6 2.5 207.3 D
> 20 °C 0.0 0.0 0.1 2.8 8.4 15.4 25.8 25.3 13.7 4.7 0.2 0.0 96.5 D
> 30 °C 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.4 3.8 4.4 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 9.8 D
> 35 °C 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 D
Days with Minimum Temperature
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Minimum Temperature
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
> 0 °C 3.1 3.0 3.7 11.0 22.9 29.5 30.9 31.0 25.8 14.8 4.7 2.5 183.0 D
<= 2 °C 29.7 27.2 29.0 23.6 13.6 2.9 0.4 0.6 8.7 20.6 26.7 30.2 213.0 D
<= 0 °C 27.9 25.3 26.9 19.0 8.1 0.5 0.1 0.0 4.2 16.2 24.7 28.5 181.3 D
< -2 °C 24.8 21.5 21.2 11.4 2.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.2 9.5 20.0 26.0 138.1 D
< -10 °C 13.9 10.8 6.4 1.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.4 6.9 13.2 54.1 D
< -20 °C 5.7 4.4 1.9 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 1.4 4.7 18.4 D
< - 30 °C 1.1 0.7 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.9 2.8 D
Days with Rainfall
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Rainfall
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
>= 0.2 mm 0.16 0.04 0.72 3.1 9.4 11.5 8.5 8.6 9 3.3 0.88 0.17 55.3 C
>= 5 mm 0 0 0.08 0.78 3.7 4.5 2.5 3.1 3.3 0.70 0.08 0 18.6 C
>= 10 mm 0 0 0 0.17 2.1 2.7 1.3 1.3 1.3 0.13 0.04 0 9 C
>= 25 mm 0 0 0 0 0.58 0.88 0.38 0.24 0.33 0 0 0 2.4 C
Days With Snowfall
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days With Snowfall
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
>= 0.2 cm 6 5.2 7.1 4.8 1.7 0 0 0.04 0.83 3.5 5.4 5.3 39.9 C
>= 5 cm 1.3 1.4 2.8 2 0.92 0 0 0 0.33 1.6 2 1.9 14.3 C
>= 10 cm 0.44 0.28 1 1.1 0.58 0 0 0 0.08 0.78 0.71 0.54 5.5 C
>= 25 cm 0.04 0 0.08 0.17 0.13 0 0 0 0 0.04 0.04 0 0.50 C
Days with Precipitation
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Precipitation
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
>= 0.2 mm 6.2 5.2 7.6 7.4 10.6 11.5 8.5 8.6 9.3 6.2 6.1 5.4 92.5 C
>= 5 mm 1.3 1.4 3.0 2.8 4.7 4.5 2.5 3.1 3.6 2.3 2.2 1.9 33.1 C
>= 10 mm 0.4 0.3 1.0 1.4 2.6 2.7 1.3 1.3 1.5 1.0 0.8 0.5 14.8 C
>= 25 mm 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.8 0.9 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.0 C
Degree Days
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Degree Days
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Above 24 °C 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.5 0.3 0.1 0 0 0 0.8 D
Above 18 °C 0 0 0 0.2 2 6 30.5 30.7 5.3 0.3 0 0 75.1 D
Above 15 °C 0 0 0 1 9.8 26.1 83.1 84.7 21.4 2.6 0 0 228.5 D
Above 10 °C 0.2 0.2 1 14.1 54.3 118 220.7 217.8 90 26.5 2.1 0 744.8 D
Above 5 °C 6.2 7.8 15.7 65.8 160.2 259.9 374.3 371.1 211.5 95.2 17.5 3.5 1588.6 D
Above 0 °C 40.6 46.4 78.5 171.1 305.5 409.7 529.3 526.1 354.9 214 69.5 31.3 2777.1 D
Below 0 °C 181.2 148.6 85.6 17.4 0.8 0 0 0 0.4 19.3 83.3 178.4 715.1 D
Below 5 °C 301.8 251.2 177.7 62.1 10.5 0.2 0 0 7 55.4 181.2 305.7 1352.9 D
Below 10 °C 450.8 385 318 160.4 59.6 8.3 1.4 1.7 35.5 141.8 315.9 457.2 2335.4 D
Below 15 °C 605.6 526.1 472.1 297.3 170.1 66.4 18.7 23.6 116.9 272.9 463.8 612.2 3645.4 D
Below 18 °C 698.6 610.9 565.1 386.5 255.3 136.3 59.2 62.6 190.8 363.5 553.8 705.2 4587.7 D
Frost-Free
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data (Frost-Free)
Frost-FreeCode
Average Date of Last Spring Frost 10% 25% 33% 50% 66% 75% 90%
DateJun 18Jun 03Jun 01May 23May 19May 15May 12
Average Date of First Fall Frost 10% 25% 33% 50% 66% 75% 90%
DateSep 01Sep 10Sep 12Sep 15Sep 19Sep 20Sep 29
Average Length of Frost-Free Period 10% 25% 33% 50% 66% 75% 90%
Days7998106112119122141
Probability of last temperature in spring of 0 °C or lower on or after indicated dates 10% 25% 33% 50% 66% 75% 90%
Probability of first temperature in fall of 0 °C or lower on or after indicated dates 10% 25% 33% 50% 66% 75% 90%
Probability of frost-free period equal to or less than indicated period (Days) 10% 25% 33% 50% 66% 75% 90%
Legend
  • A = WMO "3 and 5 rule" (i.e. no more than 3 consecutive and no more than 5 total missing for either temperature or precipitation)
  • B = At least 25 years
  • C = At least 20 years
  • D = At least 15 years