Canadian Climate Normals 1981-2010 Station Data

Province name less than PRV_TRIM

The minimum number of years used to calculate these Normals is indicated by a code for each element. A "+" beside an extreme date indicates that this date is the first occurrence of the extreme value. Values and dates in bold indicate all-time extremes for the location.

Data used in the calculation of these Normals may be subject to further quality assurance checks. This may result in minor changes to some values presented here.

Metadata including Station Name, Province, Latitude, Longitude, Elevation, Climate ID, WMO ID, TC ID
GEM
ALBERTA
Latitude: 50°56'59.070" N Longitude: 112°11'20.080" W Elevation: 763.70 m
Climate ID: 3022772 WMO ID: TC ID:
Temperature
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Temperature
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Daily Average (°C) -11.2 -7.4 -1.5 5.8 11.1 15.3 18.5 17.6 12.3 5.5 -3.2 -8.7 4.5 D
Standard Deviation 5.0 4.5 4.0 1.6 1.3 0.8 1.8 1.6 1.5 1.5 3.3 4.4 2.6 D
Daily Maximum (°C) -5.5 -1.4 4.7 13.1 18.6 22.1 26.2 25.6 20.1 12.6 2.6 -3.0 11.3 D
Daily Minimum (°C) -16.9 -13.3 -7.8 -1.6 3.6 8.4 10.7 9.6 4.5 -1.7 -9.0 -14.4 -2.3 D
Extreme Maximum (°C) 15.5 21.0 27.0 27.5 31.5 36.5 37.5 37.0 34.5 29.0 21.0 15.5
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1992/ 30 1992/ 27 2004/ 30 2001/ 27 1995/ 30 2002/ 27 2002/ 12 2001/ 03 1998/ 02 1992/ 01 1999/ 12 1997/ 14
Extreme Minimum (°C) -43.5 -41.5 -34.5 -17.0 -10.0 -0.5 2.5 -2.0 -7.0 -25.5 -34.0 -43.0
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1997/ 11 1996/ 02 1997/ 15 2002/ 02 2005/ 01 1998/ 03 1999/ 15 1992/ 25 2000/ 23 1991/ 29 1996/ 24 1989/ 21
Precipitation
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Precipitation
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Rainfall (mm) 0.7 0.1 2.6 18.6 39.9 68.0 34.4 41.8 24.7 10.8 1.6 0.3 243.6 D
Snowfall (cm) 11 9 11 3 3 0 0 0 1 2 11 9 60 D
Precipitation (mm) 11.4 8.9 13.8 22.1 42.8 68.0 34.4 41.8 25.3 13.0 13.0 9.5 303.9 D
Extreme Daily Rainfall (mm) 7.4 1.0 10.0 22.0 24.0 43.8 33.6 29.6 56.6 14.2 8.4 2.0
Date
(yyyy/dd)
2002/ 08 2006/ 13 1990/ 30 1990/ 24 1994/ 12 2005/ 06 1993/ 07 2005/ 24 2005/ 10 1994/ 14 2005/ 01 1999/ 01
Extreme Daily Snowfall (cm) 9 12 20 10 14 0 0 0 6 7 11 13
Date
(yyyy/dd)
2004/ 24 1991/ 27 1997/ 12 2000/ 13 2003/ 04 1990/ 01 1990/ 01 1990/ 01 1996/ 30 1991/ 24 1994/ 25 1996/ 29
Extreme Daily Precipitation (mm) 9.0 12.0 20.0 22.0 24.0 43.8 33.6 29.6 56.6 14.2 11.0 13.0
Date
(yyyy/dd)
2004/ 24 1991/ 27 1997/ 12 1990/ 24 1994/ 12 2005/ 06 1993/ 07 2005/ 24 2005/ 10 1994/ 14 1994/ 25 1996/ 29
Extreme Snow Depth (cm) 27 25 25 14 22 0 0 0 5 8 31 31
Date
(yyyy/dd)
1999/ 10 2003/ 27 2003/ 12 2000/ 14 2003/ 06 1990/ 01 1990/ 01 1990/ 01 2003/ 17 2003/ 30 1996/ 30 1996/ 01
Days with Maximum Temperature
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Maximum Temperature
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
<= 0 °C 20.5 15.3 8.4 1.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.5 10.0 17.6 74.6 D
> 0 °C 10.5 12.9 22.6 28.7 31.0 30.0 31.0 31.0 30.0 29.5 20.0 13.4 290.6 D
> 10 °C 0.5 1.6 8.6 21.1 27.8 29.8 30.9 30.9 28.2 19.9 4.6 1.0 204.9 D
> 20 °C 0.0 0.1 0.1 4.6 12.8 19.6 27.5 26.5 15.1 3.8 0.1 0.0 110.2 D
> 30 °C 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 1.2 5.7 6.0 1.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 14.6 D
> 35 °C 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.5 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.8 D
Days with Minimum Temperature
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Minimum Temperature
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
> 0 °C 0.2 0.6 1.5 10.0 24.5 29.8 31.0 31.0 25.6 9.5 1.9 0.4 166.0 D
<= 2 °C 30.9 28.2 30.5 24.7 11.5 0.8 0.0 0.2 8.2 25.2 29.3 30.9 220.4 D
<= 0 °C 30.8 27.7 29.5 20.0 6.5 0.2 0.0 0.0 4.4 21.5 28.1 30.6 199.3 D
< -2 °C 29.9 26.4 24.1 12.1 2.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.3 12.2 25.3 29.4 162.9 D
< -10 °C 22.8 16.8 9.1 1.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.4 11.1 20.3 82.8 D
< -20 °C 11.5 6.0 2.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.1 6.7 29.0 D
< - 30 °C 3.3 0.8 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 1.4 6.2 D
Days with Rainfall
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Rainfall
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
>= 0.2 mm 0.17 0.06 0.94 4.4 8.2 11.2 7.9 8.3 6.4 4.2 0.53 0.17 52.6 D
>= 5 mm 0.11 0 0.24 1.2 2.7 4.6 1.9 2.5 1.4 0.44 0.16 0 15.3 D
>= 10 mm 0 0 0.06 0.61 1.3 2.6 1 1.2 0.50 0.13 0 0 7.4 D
>= 25 mm 0 0 0 0 0.06 0.22 0.11 0.22 0.06 0 0 0 0.67 D
Days With Snowfall
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days With Snowfall
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
>= 0.2 cm 4.2 3.3 3.6 1.1 0.61 0 0 0 0.11 1.1 3.7 3.6 21.3 D
>= 5 cm 0.61 0.44 0.59 0.28 0.28 0 0 0 0.11 0.06 1 0.56 3.9 D
>= 10 cm 0 0.13 0.24 0.11 0.06 0 0 0 0 0 0.05 0.06 0.65 D
>= 25 cm 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 D
Days with Precipitation
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Precipitation
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
>= 0.2 mm 4.3 3.4 4.3 5.3 8.7 11.2 7.9 8.3 6.4 4.9 4.2 3.7 72.7 D
>= 5 mm 0.7 0.4 0.7 1.6 2.9 4.6 1.9 2.5 1.5 0.4 1.2 0.6 19.1 D
>= 10 mm 0.0 0.1 0.4 0.7 1.4 2.6 1.0 1.2 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.1 8.3 D
>= 25 mm 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.7 D
Degree Days
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Degree Days
  JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear Code
Above 24 °C 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 1.5 0.1 0 0 0 0 1.7 D
Above 18 °C 0 0 0 0 1.7 10.7 46.7 36.3 3.1 0.1 0 0 98.6 D
Above 15 °C 0 0 0 0.5 12.4 42.7 112.4 95.9 18.6 1 0 0 283.4 D
Above 10 °C 0 0.1 0.6 13.3 72.9 159.5 260.3 237.6 93.1 12 0.8 0 850 D
Above 5 °C 0.2 1.6 9.8 71.1 195.9 308.2 415 392.1 221.6 67.5 6.7 0.9 1690.7 D
Above 0 °C 6.4 14.4 64 186.4 345.2 458.2 570 547.1 369.4 182.9 37.3 10.6 2791.7 D
Below 0 °C 370.3 223.3 118.7 13.3 0.4 0 0 0 0 13.6 132.6 280.3 1152.7 D
Below 5 °C 519.1 351.8 219.6 48.1 6.2 0 0 0 2.2 53.3 252 425.7 1877.9 D
Below 10 °C 674 491.4 365.4 140.2 38.1 1.3 0.3 0.6 23.6 152.7 396.1 579.8 2863.5 D
Below 15 °C 829 632.6 519.7 277.5 132.6 34.5 7.4 13.8 99.2 296.8 545.3 734.7 4123.1 D
Below 18 °C 922 717.4 612.7 367 214.9 92.5 34.8 47.2 173.7 388.8 635.3 827.7 5034.1 D
Frost-Free
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data (Frost-Free)
Frost-FreeCode
Average Date of Last Spring Frost 10% 25% 33% 50% 66% 75% 90%
DateJun 03May 26May 25May 22May 20May 14May 04
Average Date of First Fall Frost 10% 25% 33% 50% 66% 75% 90%
DateSep 09Sep 15Sep 17Sep 19Sep 21Sep 21Sep 22
Average Length of Frost-Free Period 10% 25% 33% 50% 66% 75% 90%
Days109109112119120125136
Probability of last temperature in spring of 0 °C or lower on or after indicated dates 10% 25% 33% 50% 66% 75% 90%
Probability of first temperature in fall of 0 °C or lower on or after indicated dates 10% 25% 33% 50% 66% 75% 90%
Probability of frost-free period equal to or less than indicated period (Days) 10% 25% 33% 50% 66% 75% 90%
Legend
  • A = WMO "3 and 5 rule" (i.e. no more than 3 consecutive and no more than 5 total missing for either temperature or precipitation)
  • B = At least 25 years
  • C = At least 20 years
  • D = At least 15 years