Canadian Climate Normals 1981-2010 Station Data

Temperature and Precipitation Graph
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Normals Data

The minimum number of years used to calculate these Normals is indicated by a code for each element. A "+" beside an extreme date indicates that this date is the first occurrence of the extreme value. Values and dates in bold indicate all-time extremes for the location.

Data used in the calculation of these Normals may be subject to further quality assurance checks. This may result in minor changes to some values presented here.

WHITEHORSE A
YUKON TERRITORY

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Normals Station Data
(all elements)
Temperature
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Temperature
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
Daily Average (°C)-15.2-12.7-6.31.07.312.314.312.67.20.5-9.4-12.5-0.1C
Standard Deviation6.54.73.52.31.51.30.91.41.61.84.84.73.3C
Daily Maximum (°C)-11.0-7.7-0.76.613.519.120.618.512.14.2-6.0-8.55.1C
Daily Minimum (°C)-19.2-17.6-11.9-4.61.05.68.06.72.1-3.2-12.9-16.5-5.2C
Extreme Maximum (°C)9.011.711.721.834.134.432.831.626.719.311.710.6
Date (yyyy/dd)1977/ 261968/ 271979/ 222002/ 301983/ 301969/ 141951/ 091999/ 051942/ 032003/ 031970/ 022004/ 23
Extreme Minimum (°C)-52.2-51.2-40.6-29.4-12.9-2.8-0.5-4.4-19.4-31.1-41.0-47.8
Date (yyyy/dd)1947/ 311968/ 021972/ 081986/ 102002/ 031971/ 031984/ 191948/ 251983/ 271982/ 282006/ 271942/ 19
Precipitation
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Precipitation
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
Rainfall (mm)0.30.00.01.214.332.438.135.529.08.81.00.4160.9C
Snowfall (cm)25.418.314.87.22.00.00.00.34.718.627.023.5141.8C
Precipitation (mm)17.811.810.37.016.332.438.135.833.323.220.116.3262.3C
Average Snow Depth (cm)222723800000210159C
Median Snow Depth (cm)222723800000010159C
Snow Depth at Month-end (cm)262518100000513189C
Extreme Daily Rainfall (mm)3.40.80.84.412.644.923.230.724.618.39.44.2
Date (yyyy/dd)1981/ 031984/ 041944/ 151983/ 302000/ 261985/ 271991/ 271948/ 011983/ 041970/ 021949/ 031981/ 18
Extreme Daily Snowfall (cm)14.016.727.216.612.212.70.08.621.615.014.627.0
Date (yyyy/dd)1968/ 031982/ 091967/ 082006/ 141942/ 041972/ 011942/ 011974/ 221956/ 271999/ 231978/ 231980/ 25
Extreme Daily Precipitation (mm)9.510.410.415.812.644.923.230.725.223.611.418.7
Date (yyyy/dd)1994/ 171952/ 281962/ 072006/ 142000/ 261985/ 271991/ 271948/ 011986/ 231970/ 021955/ 061980/ 25
Extreme Snow Depth (cm)869494663800320215269
Date (yyyy/dd)1972/ 301972/ 161972/ 011967/ 131972/ 011955/ 011955/ 011969/ 111956/ 281982/ 311978/ 251980/ 29
Days with Maximum Temperature
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Maximum Temperature
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
<= 0 °C26.322.913.22.20.040000.295.823.224.8118.7C
> 0 °C4.85.317.827.83130313129.725.26.86.3246.6C
> 10 °C00.040.095.924.429.83130.322.440.080.04148C
> 20 °C0000.171.511.717.3100.8300041.5C
> 30 °C00000.040.420.210.2500000.92C
> 35 °C0000000000000C
Days with Minimum Temperature
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Minimum Temperature
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
> 0 °C0.130.220.574.218.228.930.929.820.29.40.560.92144C
<= 2 °C3128.13128.7204.40.333.314.826.429.830.7248.4C
<= 0 °C30.92830.425.812.81.10.081.29.821.629.430.1221.3C
< -2 °C29.927.327.919.75.60.0800.084.715.227.929.3187.4C
< -10 °C23.321.7153.80.130000.0841721.6106.4C
< -20 °C13.810.86.30.83000000.386.210.448.7C
< - 30 °C6.23.11.30000000.041.43.615.7C
Days with Rainfall
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Rainfall
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
>= 0.2 mm0.210.090.091.17.510.913.512.4115.10.760.3362.9C
>= 5 mm00000.741.92.62.41.60.38009.7C
>= 10 mm00000.090.540.700.670.460.04002.5C
>= 25 mm000000.130000000.13C
Days With Snowfall
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days With Snowfall
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
>= 0.2 cm11.99.173.81.20.0400.291.57.912.412.267.4C
>= 5 cm1.51.210.390.220000.291.11.41.18.2C
>= 10 cm0.290.170.090.0900000.130.130.200.211.3C
>= 25 cm0000000000000C
Days with Precipitation
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Precipitation
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
>= 0.2 mm11.28.36.44.4810.913.512.511.911.511.511.2121.2C
>= 5 mm0.790.300.390.3011.92.62.41.910.800.5814C
>= 10 mm0000.040.170.540.700.670.630.170.080.083.1C
>= 25 mm000000.13000.040000.17C
Days with Snow Depth
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Snow Depth
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
>= 1 cm3128.229.214.40.26000.080.968.528.330.3171.1C
>= 5 cm3128.12911.20.040000.383.623.329.2155.8C
>= 10 cm30.627.726.39.200000.251.814.923.4134C
>= 20 cm17.122.219.66.500000.040.0429.777.1C
Wind
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Wind
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
Speed (km/h)13.413.713.212.812.611.610.811.313.214.213.914.612.9A
Most Frequent DirectionSSSSSSSSSSSSSA
Maximum Hourly Speed (km/h)726864606456635272636872
Date (yyyy/dd)1962/ 091957/ 151953/ 141966/ 091965/ 061965/ 161959/ 301998/ 291967/ 171961/ 281962/ 181954/ 17
Direction of Maximum Hourly SpeedSESESNSESEESSSESESE
Maximum Gust Speed (km/h)1001069389859091841019710697
Date (yyyy/dd)1965/ 171964/ 191965/ 101965/ 161965/ 021963/ 261982/ 071960/ 111967/ 181958/ 011962/ 181960/ 14
Direction of Maximum GustSESESWNSEWSESESSSESE
Days with Winds >= 52 km/h1.51.20.50.40.10.10.10.20.70.81.11.27.6C
Days with Winds >= 63 km/h0.20.30.10.10.00.00.00.10.10.10.10.11.0C
Degree Days
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Degree Days
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
Above 24 °C0000000000000C
Above 18 °C00000.42.53.23.200009.3C
Above 15 °C00001.211.721.914.60.500049.8C
Above 10 °C0000.513.680.7135.191.111.70.900333.5C
Above 5 °C00.1010.583.8220.2289.4235.683.113.30.10.2936.4C
Above 0 °C1.62.710.871.5226.3370.2444.4389.9216.973.14.94.61816.9C
Below 0 °C471.1359.2206.540.40.90002.457.4288.2392.11817.9C
Below 5 °C624.5497.7350.7129.313.4000.718.5152.6433.4542.62763.5C
Below 10 °C779.5638.7505.7269.498.210.50.611.297.1295.2583.3697.43986.7C
Below 15 °C934.5779.7660.7418.9240.891.442.589.6235.9449.3733.3852.45,529C
Below 18 °C1027.5864.4753.7508.9332.9172.3116.7171.3325.4542.3823.3945.46584.2C
Evaporation
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Evaporation
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
Lake Evaporation (mm)00003.64.33.83.11.70000
Bright Sunshine
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Bright Sunshine
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
Total Hours43.8105.5163.2238.5251.1266.7247.6226.5132.784.939.826.81827.1D
Days with measurable18.123.828.729.130.429.329.929.626.723.816.114.8300.3D
% of possible daylight hours21.441.644.854.446.846.943.846.434.127.017.814.936.7D
Extreme Daily6.79.811.814.717.417.917.315.712.810.07.44.7
Date (yyyy/dd)1989/ 311977/ 251968/ 311959/ 301975/ 311975/ 291974/ 081978/ 011974/ 022000/ 031979/ 011976/ 16
Humidex
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Humidex
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
Extreme Humidex9.511.111.721.633.633.333.631.925.219.011.19.2
Date (yyyy/dd)2009/ 181968/ 271979/ 222002/ 301983/ 301969/ 142009/ 291994/ 081974/ 012003/ 031970/ 022004/ 23
Days with Humidex >= 300.00.00.00.00.00.30.20.30.00.00.00.00.8A
Days with Humidex >= 350.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.0A
Days with Humidex >= 400.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.0A
Wind Chill
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Wind Chill
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
Extreme Wind Chill-61-62-47-35-19-60-6-21-37-51-59
Date (yyyy/dd)1965/ 041968/ 031955/ 031963/ 031964/ 091955/ 031953/ 011969/ 111983/ 271982/ 282006/ 271964/ 15
Days with Wind Chill < -2019.115.310.51.40.00.00.00.00.01.110.217.374.8A
Days with Wind Chill < -3010.76.93.40.10.00.00.00.00.00.13.47.932.5A
Days with Wind Chill < -404.72.00.40.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.71.89.7A
Humidity
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Humidity
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
Average Vapour Pressure (kPa)0.20.20.30.40.50.810.90.70.50.30.20.5A
Average Relative Humidity - 0600LST (%)73.973.271.271.370.270.776.780.580.479.57875.275.1A
Average Relative Humidity - 1500LST (%)72.264.551.842.138.239.94647.954.564.275.274.755.9A
Pressure
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Pressure
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
Average Station Pressure (kPa)92.692.792.692.792.99393.293.192.992.592.492.592.8A
Average Sea Level Pressure (kPa)101.4101.5101.2101.2101.3101.3101.5101.5101.3101101101.2101.3A
Radiation
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Radiation
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
Extreme Global - RF1 (MJ/m2)49172430323026181152
Date (yyyy/dd)1975/ 311972/ 291984/ 311976/ 291977/ 271972/ 271974/ 031976/ 011974/ 021994/ 011970/ 041973/ 01
Extreme Net - RF4 (MJ/m2)12613151716148311
Date (yyyy/dd)1976/ 041992/ 281992/ 251974/ 241986/ 061985/ 291975/ 061994/ 011987/ 011988/ 011975/ 261975/ 13
Visibility (hours with)
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Visibility (hours with)
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
< 1 km25.54.40.70.900.60.40.72.74.57.1956.6C
1 to 9 km95.9614916.87.6811.319.821.567.6107.579.6545.6C
> 9 km622.6612.3694.2702.3736.4711.4732.3723.5695.8671.9605.4655.48163.5C
Cloud Amount (hours with)
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Cloud Amount (hours with)
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
0 to 2 tenths149.7158.6198.2180.9130.2101.495.9135.4114.398.5103131.71597.8C
3 to 7 tenths156.2161.5171.8211.7232245.7245.5199.2175.5155.8133.4159.92,248C
8 to 10 tenths438.2357.7374327.5381.8372.9402.6409.4430.3489.8483.7452.44,920C
Frost-Free
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Frost-Free
Date/Days Code
Average Date of Last Spring Frost Jun 05 C
Average Date of First Fall Frost Aug 25 C
Average Length of Frost-Free Period 80 Days C
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Frost-Free
Probability of last temperature in spring of 0 °C or lower on or after indicated dates10%25%33%50%66%75%90%
DateJun 21Jun 15Jun 12Jun 04Jun 02May 29May 25
Probability of first temperature in fall of 0 °C or lower on or after indicated dates10%25%33%50%66%75%90%
DateAug 10Aug 22Aug 24Aug 30Sep 03Sep 04Sep 14
Probability of frost-free period equal to or less than indicated period (Days)10%25%33%50%66%75%90%
Days606673859195102

Legend

  • A = WMO "3 and 5 rule" (i.e. no more than 3 consecutive and no more than 5 total missing for either temperature or precipitation)
  • B = At least 25 years
  • C = At least 20 years
  • D = At least 15 years
Station / Element Metadata

Statistics listed below are provided as a guide to determine the validity of Normals and Extremes calculations. For example, a station with 30 years of record between 1981 and 2010 with no missing years would be a more reliable normal than a station with 15 years of record and 2 missing years. Less than 100% possible observations indicates that out of the total number of observations used, some records were missing.

WHITEHORSE A

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