Canadian Climate Normals 1981-2010 Station Data

Temperature and Precipitation Graph
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Normals Data

The minimum number of years used to calculate these Normals is indicated by a code for each element. A "+" beside an extreme date indicates that this date is the first occurrence of the extreme value. Values and dates in bold indicate all-time extremes for the location.

Data used in the calculation of these Normals may be subject to further quality assurance checks. This may result in minor changes to some values presented here.

BUFFALO NARROWS A *
SASKATCHEWAN

* This station meets WMO standards for temperature and precipitation.

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Normals Station Data
(all elements)
Temperature
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Temperature
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
Daily Average (°C)-17.5-13.9-7.12.09.114.917.716.310.32.7-7.8-14.91.0A
Standard Deviation5.14.33.62.51.71.21.11.81.61.94.04.72.1A
Daily Maximum (°C)-12.7-8.7-1.47.614.820.122.821.114.76.3-4.6-10.75.8A
Daily Minimum (°C)-22.3-19.1-12.8-3.53.49.612.611.45.8-0.9-11.0-19.1-3.8A
Extreme Maximum (°C)13.015.018.029.631.536.033.535.030.927.213.510.0
Date (yyyy/dd)1993/ 301992/ 292004/ 301980/ 291995/ 282002/ 271984/ 271991/ 101981/ 091980/ 061979/ 151999/ 27
Extreme Minimum (°C)-47.0-44.0-43.5-31.8-11.5-1.53.50.1-5.5-20.0-39.2-42.4
Date (yyyy/dd)1996/ 181988/ 091995/ 041982/ 042002/ 011985/ 011993/ 111982/ 271985/ 281984/ 301982/ 251981/ 31
Precipitation
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Precipitation
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
Rainfall (mm)0.50.42.19.535.861.580.162.343.019.32.00.8317.4A
Snowfall (cm)21.719.715.516.74.40.00.00.00.613.224.722.4138.8A
Precipitation (mm)20.618.616.626.040.061.580.162.343.632.525.521.9449.1A
Average Snow Depth (cm)25302550000017179C
Median Snow Depth (cm)26302640000007169C
Snow Depth at Month-end (cm)2832161000003122110C
Extreme Daily Rainfall (mm)4.43.08.412.836.457.658.475.828.238.66.27.8
Date (yyyy/dd)2005/ 241981/ 201983/ 101990/ 241984/ 172001/ 241989/ 241995/ 081999/ 061995/ 161983/ 042005/ 09
Extreme Daily Snowfall (cm)11.417.610.430.412.80.00.00.05.832.216.624.4
Date (yyyy/dd)1997/ 011996/ 221994/ 191990/ 251986/ 151980/ 011980/ 011980/ 011984/ 221984/ 162006/ 231998/ 17
Extreme Daily Precipitation (mm)10.617.610.439.236.457.658.475.828.238.615.224.0
Date (yyyy/dd)1997/ 011996/ 221994/ 191990/ 251984/ 172001/ 241989/ 241995/ 081999/ 061995/ 162006/ 231998/ 17
Extreme Snow Depth (cm)50676742130000193341
Date (yyyy/dd)1997/ 312007/ 282007/ 011982/ 121986/ 161980/ 011980/ 011980/ 011980/ 011991/ 281989/ 172000/ 28
Days with Maximum Temperature
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Maximum Temperature
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
<= 0 °C27.92316.54.20.42000062227.9127.9C
> 0 °C3.15.214.525.830.6303131302583.2237.3C
> 10 °C0.190.421.610.923.429.43130.623.48.70.120159.6C
> 20 °C0000.926.415.522.1174.80.590067.3C
> 30 °C00000.080.230.8810.120002.4C
> 35 °C000000.040000000.04C
Days with Minimum Temperature
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Minimum Temperature
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
> 0 °C0.150.190.967.42329.9313127.212.40.620.12163.9C
<= 2 °C3128.230.826.713.50.5400.276.2243031222C
<= 0 °C30.9283022.680.08002.918.629.430.9201.3C
< -2 °C30.627.527.115.43.40000.5810.126.530.3171.5C
< -10 °C27.522.216.23.50.0800001.414.225.2110.2C
< -20 °C17.411.470.500000003.912.753C
< - 30 °C8.14.220.080000000.464.919.7C
Days with Rainfall
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Rainfall
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
>= 0.2 mm0.520.301.24912.914.912.9127.21.30.5876.7A
>= 5 mm000.150.582.23.94.83.62.810.080.0419.1A
>= 10 mm0000.1211.92.51.71.30.44008.9A
>= 25 mm00000.120.230.520.420.070.04001.4A
Days With Snowfall
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days With Snowfall
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
>= 0.2 cm12.610.584.81.70000.415.512.211.567.3A
>= 5 cm0.850.880.650.880.190000.040.671.21.16.5A
>= 10 cm0.040.190.040.460.1200000.220.190.121.4A
>= 25 cm0000.08000000.04000.12A
Days with Precipitation
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Precipitation
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
>= 0.2 mm12.710.58.77.79.812.914.912.912.111.61311.3138A
>= 5 mm0.700.850.811.42.63.94.83.62.91.81.31.125.7A
>= 10 mm0.040.150.040.691.21.92.51.71.30.700.190.1510.4A
>= 25 mm0000.080.120.230.520.420.070.07001.5A
Days with Snow Depth
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Days with Snow Depth
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
>= 1 cm3128.329.211.60.2600004.723.330.7159.1C
>= 5 cm30.328.327.78.7000002.116.327.5140.9C
>= 10 cm29.127.825.56.3000000.919.823.8123.2C
>= 20 cm21.223.118.23.30000002.211.579.5C
Wind
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Wind
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
Speed (km/h)12.012.212.213.012.712.612.512.314.714.712.912.112.8D
Most Frequent DirectionSNWSESESEWWWSSSSSD
Maximum Hourly Speed (km/h)805667635656525765675965
Date (yyyy/dd)1984/ 231988/ 211994/ 061994/ 181982/ 051985/ 161985/ 061986/ 191983/ 181987/ 132002/ 221995/ 04
Direction of Maximum Hourly SpeedWNWNWNWWNWWNWNWNWNWSW
Maximum Gust Speed (km/h)636763766563858561835769
Date (yyyy/dd)1982/ 151981/ 221980/ 081981/ 061982/ 051980/ 241981/ 081981/ 151980/ 141980/ 291982/ 041980/ 11
Direction of Maximum GustNWWNWWWNWNWNEWSEW
Degree Days
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Degree Days
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
Above 24 °C000000.10.50.900001.5C
Above 18 °C00002.29.432.926.30.900071.7C
Above 15 °C0000.39.139.991.870.97.20.300219.5C
Above 10 °C0004.550.1150238.7196.7564.500700.6C
Above 5 °C0.20.41.331144.2295.9393.6349.1164.532.60.101,413C
Above 0 °C1.84.120.7108283.8445.9548.6504.1308.2113.87.11.42347.5C
Below 0 °C550.2398.524446.92.60000.130.6240.24631975.9C
Below 5 °C703.6535.8379.7119.8180.1006.3104.3383.2616.62867.4C
Below 10 °C858.4676.4533.4243.478.94.10.12.647.8231.2533.1771.63,981C
Below 15 °C1013.4817.4688.4389.1192.9448.231.8149382.1683.1926.65325.9C
Below 18 °C1106.4902781.4478.9279103.542.380.2232.7474.7773.11019.66273.7C
Humidex
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Humidex
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
Extreme Humidex12.719.417.728.934.838.240.441.032.526.212.810.1
Date (yyyy/dd)2003/ 072009/ 162004/ 301980/ 291999/ 252002/ 271997/ 221991/ 102009/ 031980/ 061979/ 151999/ 27
Wind Chill
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Wind Chill
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
Extreme Wind Chill-56-56-50-38-17000-12-29-50-57
Date (yyyy/dd)1989/ 311996/ 011991/ 011995/ 032002/ 031980/ 011980/ 011980/ 011996/ 301984/ 301985/ 261989/ 20
Humidity
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Humidity
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Code
Average Relative Humidity - 0600LST (%)76.777.177.577.178.882.785.987.686.483.984.680.281.5A
Average Relative Humidity - 1500LST (%)72.367.157.850.748.352.455.657.259.764.476.87761.6A
Frost-Free
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Frost-Free
Date/Days Code
Average Date of Last Spring Frost May 23 D
Average Date of First Fall Frost Sept 24 D
Average Length of Frost-Free Period 123 Days D
1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals station data
Frost-Free
Probability of last temperature in spring of 0 °C or lower on or after indicated dates10%25%33%50%66%75%90%
DateJun 01May 29May 26May 25May 22May 20May 10
Probability of first temperature in fall of 0 °C or lower on or after indicated dates10%25%33%50%66%75%90%
DateSep 11Sep 18Sep 21Sep 25Sep 29Oct 01Oct 08
Probability of frost-free period equal to or less than indicated period (Days)10%25%33%50%66%75%90%
Days100115118120127134140

Legend

  • A = WMO "3 and 5 rule" (i.e. no more than 3 consecutive and no more than 5 total missing for either temperature or precipitation)
  • B = At least 25 years
  • C = At least 20 years
  • D = At least 15 years
Station / Element Metadata

Statistics listed below are provided as a guide to determine the validity of Normals and Extremes calculations. For example, a station with 30 years of record between 1981 and 2010 with no missing years would be a more reliable normal than a station with 15 years of record and 2 missing years. Less than 100% possible observations indicates that out of the total number of observations used, some records were missing.

BUFFALO NARROWS A

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