Canadian Climate Normals 1961-1990 Station Data

Temperature and Precipitation Graph
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Normals Data

Data used in the calculation of these Normals may be subject to further quality assurance checks. This may result in minor changes to some values presented here.

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Normals Station Data
(all elements)
1961 to 1990 Canadian Climate Normals Station Data
 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Temperature
Daily Average (°C)-12.5 -8.2 -2.7 5.1 11.4 15.9 18.4 17.5 11.6 6.4 -3.6 -10.2 4.1
Daily Maximum (°C)-6.9 -2.4 3.1 12.2 18.7 23 25.9 25.2 18.9 13.6 2.1 -4.6 10.7
Daily Minimum (°C)-18.1 -14 -8.5 -2 4 8.8 10.8 9.7 4.2 -0.9 -9.4 -16 -2.6
Extreme Maximum (°C)17.8 17.2 25 31.1 35.6 37.2 40 38.9 35.6 31.1 23.5 17.2
Date (yyyy/dd)1931/ 29 1968/ 28Legend++ 1966/ 29 1936/ 18 1936/ 29 1937/ 29Legend++ 1918/ 18 1919/ 17 1967/ 05 1934/ 10 1981/ 02 1962/ 15
Extreme Minimum (°C)-46.7 -43.9 -37.8 -25 -10 -2.2 1.7 0 -10.6 -24.4 -36.1 -47.2
Date (yyyy/dd)1916/ 12 1936/ 16 1956/ 11 1954/ 02 1921/ 01 1919/ 07 1971/ 03 1984/ 30Legend++ 1934/ 25 1919/ 25 1975/ 30 1924/ 17
Precipitation
Rainfall (mm)1 0.7 2.3 17.5 38.1 65.5 38.1 36.4 38.3 10.7 2.5 1 252.3
Snowfall (cm)18.3 12 15.4 9.8 1 0 0 0 0.5 5.3 13.2 18.8 94.2
Precipitation (mm)18.4 11.9 17 27.2 39.1 65.5 38.1 36.4 38.8 16 14.9 18.3 341.6
Snow Depth at Month-end (cm)12 11 LegendNXN 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 6 13
Extreme Daily Rainfall (mm)4.8 5.1 15.2 29.2 29.2 88.9 36.8 45.5 57.3 20.3 9.9 4.8
Date (yyyy/dd)1963/ 20 1959/ 02 1919/ 31 1925/ 23 1915/ 14 1953/ 02 1927/ 05 1965/ 25 1986/ 25 1922/ 04 1966/ 04 1966/ 13
Extreme Daily Snowfall (cm)16.5 16.5 21.6 27.9 16 9.1 0 0 17.8 22.9 22.9 30.5
Date (yyyy/dd)1964/ 09 1958/ 12 1927/ 16 1967/ 19 1920/ 02 1937/ 11 1988/ 31Legend++ 1988/ 31Legend++ 1925/ 30 1966/ 12 1965/ 14 1917/ 28
Extreme Daily Precipitation (mm)16.5 16.5 21.6 34 29.2 88.9 36.8 45.5 57.3 22.9 22.9 30.5
Date (yyyy/dd)1964/ 09 1958/ 12 1927/ 16 1925/ 23 1915/ 14 1953/ 02 1927/ 05 1965/ 25 1986/ 25 1966/ 12 1965/ 14 1917/ 28
Degree Days
Above 18 °C0 0 0 0 2.9 20.7 43.3 37 4.5 0.1 0 0 109
Above 5 °C0.6 1.5 8.4 61.9 202.1 328.3 414.6 387.2 204.8 87.8 10.7 1.1 1709
Below 0 °C394.4 249.3 133.8 17.2 0.1 0 0 0 0.5 14 152.4 329.3 1291
Below 18 °C943.4 740.9 642 387.4 207.7 82.4 31.7 52.8 196.3 363.3 649.7 877.2 5175
Days With
Maximum Temperature >°C10 14 21 28 31 30 31 31 30 29 19 12 286
Measurable RainfallLegend** Legend** 2 7 10 12 10 9 9 5 2 Legend** 68
Measurable Snowfall6 4 4 2 Legend** 0 0 0 Legend** 1 4 6 28
Measurable Precipitation6 4 6 8 10 12 10 9 9 6 5 6 92
Sunshine
Bright Sunshine (hours)91.6 114.9 158.3 215.1 266.3 290.2 338.8 302.1 200.9 169.7 105.8 75.1 2328.9

Legend

  • C = Calm
  • M = No data for the period
  • N or X = Data exists, but not enough to derive a value
  • + = Most recent occurrence of the extreme value
  • * = Quantity is less than one
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